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"2018-03-28 16:32:51"
Rosemary Hill: Frock Consciousness
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"2018-03-06 10:34:01"
Anne Enright: The Genesis of Blame
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"2018-01-09 12:34:23"
Alan Bennett watches Love Island
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"2018-01-09 11:19:28"
AUDIO: Alan Bennett reads his 2017 Diary
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"2017-07-19 10:50:52"
How the Russian Revolution is seen in Russia and the West, with Sheila Fitzpatrick
\\so it's the Russian government high that seems particularly I'm interested in celebrating at the revolution or in fact the revolutions in plural because they didn't want to sell it celebrate the February revolution and they don't want to celebrate the the October one very much this appears to be related to first of all I that revolutions are associate with unrest and turmoil on the streets and all sorts of bad things can happen therefore you don't put ideas into people's head I think another thing is fortunes regime is uncertain of its relationship to the Russian Revolution and in fact the whole relationship to to the Soviet regime is is a bit dubious because it's an important people didn't overthrow the Soviet regime on the other hand they analytically a successor our idea Putin does I think that I think well of Stalin in most respects Stalin is the nation builder but what we now see is that he actually thinks much less will of Lenin and the revolution he doesn't associate him with the same nation building efforts the attitude of the February Lucien the negative attitude of of so many is is quite interesting because we would tend to think well okay perhaps they don't like the Bolsheviks because they were communists but what about those good liberals our of the February revolution but are I think from the point of view of many Russians in this was expressed forcibly buys so you need sin that liberals of the February revolution who persuaded that sought to abdicate just opened the flood gates for all the bad things to happen they're very downbeat approach the revolution among scholars outside Russia is something that basically related to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the general feeling that that showed that you're you know the revolution hadn't worked which is that it's a funny kind of argument in a way because 70 is isn't is is quite a long time actually to her maintained a revolutionary regime it's a long way let's much younger in the French Revolution did and in this general sort of dismissive wave treating the Russian Revolution including by people who've who've worked on it themselves or a long time in the west some people have said well maybe the Chinese revolution is the really significant productive the Russian Revolution I don't know that I would actually endorse that but it's it's it's being it's one of the suggestions around //
"2017-05-16 09:52:04"
How Kenneth Clark transformed the National Gallery, with Nicholas Penny
\\I'm standing in the Barrie rooms which all but the most Victorian part of the national narrators to survive and these rooms were not as glorious and a splendid I am close time sale today and thought they were considered the something ... of an embarrassment that clog put these runes too amazing effective use in the middle of the wall by staging here Mara Hesse's ... concerts in the gallery probably the thing for which he's best remembered Asterix thought was responsible of calls for evacuation the gallery in advance of the war and it was a it was a brilliant operation almost all pictures were taken from here on out to North Wales invention if goals skilled in slate mines deadline a fist in your mother has claimed him with the suggestion that concepts might be held in the National Gallery occasionally perhaps and Clark was immediately thought this was a brilliant idea one of his motives for this may well have been the fact that the government hadn't got round to deciding what it would do with the National Gallery and it was probably intending to requisition is to some purpose homes immediately soul that if all concepts here and they could actually survive the war and even become some sort of a cultural center these were enormously popular and ... that's still very very well remembered and indeed kind of commemoration by occasional concerts here in the gallery today a very important point about this conflict is that both he and Mara has agreed from the start that they would feature prominently German music to remind people that actually they weren't in a fighting the Nazis and not trying to demonized all German culture his first experience in the world a lot ... really Wilson exhibition organizer and it's ... it was in 1930 Italian art exhibition which was his first real experience of what we now consider to be museum work but that wasn't museum work in the early twentieth century incision but the National Gallery didn't put on exhibitions and in fact they didn't lend their pitches to exhibitions Clark was wild about expressions he absolutely love them so now we think of exhibitions of some people think of them actually as the prime purpose of institutions like the national barriers torn out museum of British Museum they were lost tool when trial was director but he made them ... part of the National Gallery during the war the type of hang that we see today it is machine and in these rooms is the type of hiring actually that clock introduced into the gallery some progress had been made in that same direction by by Charles homes Holmes was not in favor of a hanging pictures Friel full deep it occasionally I'm double hang of course as we can see here that we still do today previously in the in the nineteenth century that the oil paintings in the gallery I'm well on display that will be built for the nation analysts who to them fit and neither they were very very densely hung talk I'm open to all that up I when he became director him usually stony re hanging the paintings reframing the paintings up moving the paintings into different ... places with different lighting moves all the Dutch pictures downstairs to where it is now the national cafe ... because they could go get that's a sidelight ... daylight from side in one of soul that said it was fantastic affected all of this he did without reference ready to his own senior curatorial staff it didn't occur to him that he was kind of trespassing on what they might have considered to be that ... Judy and he didn't bother to inform of what he was doing couple pretend to consult them 70 didn't consult them this is so interesting that have a direct burns and when he would show if it accepted the direction of what he has in there so I'm going to be in charge of a department store case is very curious thing to say because actually and someone who's been a manager of a department store would take far more interest in the finances of the organization and clocked it and try to do much more to get along with ... the senior staff who clock as a kind of arrogant young man ... had tended to get him to ignore I think finishes this this these mice at decorations by Boris and wrap today because a lot about the national maritime shinny calls they begin with the big mosaic share on the landing and the trustees have this idea that would be appropriate to have the share the muses but Boris and rap gave old muses kind of you know the faces of famous actresses and song so he kind of inserted a popular aspects into what was basically a classical a decoration and then later on in the the next stage of his decoration you know it's it's ... celebration from the right word although some old souls of British institutions plum puddings cricket things that would mean something to ... to the British public that is what Russell removing the mosque from nature the quite witty Lucien Freud love this one Profesional love here's a pic farming that's what my mother did in the in the second World War so we think of when I see the scrubbing of the paper nominal said he's a he's a child friendly picks of the National Gallery if you like you know often take children see these and the full I am introducing to back a scenario and so I think it's quite relevant some of the things that clock ... achieved hope to achieve in the national boundaries the it the unwrap mosaics ... this is a painting that ... Claude board I'm on the complexion of the with the help of the alt found at the very end the war the very end of his direct ships in 1945 device ocean extremely Germanic a picture as this wasn't I think a very interesting ... just jump as you go to clubs acquisitions you can see that he was someone who had distinct taste for all the different periods of of European art not a real understanding of how the National Gallery had should try to represent the European art as widely as possible sable Rembrandt people etcetera he bowls Obinitsa got city people is great portrait of Madame much want to see a by anger people the great sketch 5 have the council by comfortable so you did buy across the whole feeling Nichols you you get already in the is working the National Guard in the sense that he might although I understand why he eventually I'm becomes kind of television Figga addressing a really large public about the whole history of ... European civilization through ... the visual arts whether this was the right direction club together and is actually very I think got because difficult controversial ... question he's a very very complicated man and ... and his life and work is full of ... paradoxes we showed extremely well I made very clear I think on the cover of this book I mean which I really dislike in fact this portrayed club but he he E. looks like authoritatively someone who's stream the conceited and slightly shy of moon and you know it looks as if he's so holding a mosque in place and all that's some extent true is that what it's become and I hope will always remain a place where which is very easy for the general public to educate itself and that's something that Clark reinforce tremendously when he was a director //
"2017-04-05 11:33:36"
Fritz Lang's Use of Sound in 'M' and 'The Testament of Dr Mabuse', with Michael Wood
\\the 1933 film by Fritz Lang the testament to duck from the booze it was his second sound film the first was and the movie about a child murderer with Peter Lorre both of the new sounding quite interesting ways in the first film in M. the mother the child who's about to disappear in them cools the child's name and down the stairwell you sue the shot the stairwell which very much movie conventional way and to stir well would you hear this echoing name of the little girl Elsie in a way it is just the name being called by the mother in this what she doesn't know that she's not coming home and the other thing is that in that movie the the killer Peter Lorre signals that he's about to murder a child by whistling he whistles a tune from Greece chickens the point about this in the story line it's a Cup color complicated storyline with the cops or the loss and the criminals decide to find the killer because he's interrupting the business the culture everywhere doesn't crime is suppose to be business not sort of self indulgent cruelty like killing children specially making money the criminals get together they find him because because a blind man identifies the whistle it has killed his sound sort of use plugs you couldn't do that you could make a solid movie about but the in Serb but this is quite subtle and quiet discreet and yet will elegantly done and the test of the document boos of the sound questions it's really violent in the movie opens in this in this ... little room where the where the man who's trying to catch the criminals the ex policemen is hiding behind a box but everything is shaken by his racquet from next door itself like a monster of some kind stamping but it's such a printing machine but the thumping is huge touched it wreckage they feel this is a film I just about some absolute dominated by sounds of the sound is taken over this movie until you can't get away from it and then all the way through the movie you because it reminded of ... sound that you are in a cinema where sound is now available and the enemy is in a scene that is it amenazas widely session with the income and the information is just discovered there's a link between this them mad scribblings of this person in the in the mental hospital and a crime the session and committed and then we we have a phone call more technology we don't hit on who's making the phone call but we hear a phone call to the criminals saying his license plate to whisk deal with this question and at that point we see the cops on the street and the the causal pull up they put up with the traffic lights and those of the shot is so high angle looking like from to the cause of the cuts come towards us and then about 6 or 7 because in in line of the charter the Travelodge of very long lumpy possessions crossing all of the drives a truck and I get crazy because they think traveler broken the stuff hooting set for mothers but the backs of the noise things nothing you almost forget the visual stuff and you know everybody including those about to get killed thank him home it looks like everybody else no they will do from home so it's like a musical so does the symphony of different comic called and there's only shown boot on his show we hear everything except the silly who the who take them contested rocket and then when someone shoots somewhere in some a and then the voice us again now the homes with a condo is on hold because move forward a set one and so the causes for the house and that now it now we see the from the back not enough from Philly because move away from us a and and in the street just as that one because just like that so it's a kind of Mozart is like a story like a fable in its own right about movement sound and then the the stuff of earth and throughout the film of the gramophone is very it's very striking because you know the really is no hint that it's a gramophone when you first hear the doctor Baum who could become the medusa figure who's gonna do all the terrible things a you see the 7 knocking on the door of his of his office and then Anderson tries the door and then the voice says I do not wish to be disturbed they act man it's clear that those whose and serves as a cat this occurs several times in the movie and people want to see him ... the try the duo and make a X. that man is clear rela later than just trying the door triggers the telephone that's in the it if anybody tries the door a voice as a journalist which serves as a kind of proof that he's there is little proof is there it is not that allows it to be some hope and the other one is he meets a his older gangs of criminals in little groups in a room with a curtain in the voice just comes behind the curtain and there's no suggestions any gramophone as a just as he just doesn't want to be seen yeah he's a nice a doctor he was to keep prism anonymity none of the criminals think as anything other than the man behind the curtain is referred to as the men the curtain ... throughout and I want to have for the wizard of oz is not some kind of reform this story about what is there really behind the curtain and then finally when they break the cutlass nothing that had a very old fashioned gramophone with a with a handle inflicting on the record because we there's a kind of interest in the medium itself but also in technologies but there is a real link between technology and and magic so you know between the crazy magic of hypnosis and things happening by remote control which is not really happening and that tool technological new devices sound phones gramophones and things does some sort of the film suggests some weed collusion so ... fashion magic and technologies that will about Paolo they allow you to do things you couldn't do otherwise I guess is what they did //
"2017-03-28 11:16:38"
Iain Sinclair: The Last London
\\this this is quite a saline implication decommission warehouse on one side of the road unexplained ought to ... consists slab of something and what was the swimmers lane is now private road it's horribly ironic originally when that was not an academy but school the school kids want to swing by just walking across the road into this building was a very useful facility now they have no I have no use for me who and this building is being shot totally abandoned waiting for development having arrived to to live here in the 25 seen a series of changes where London became different things to the point where it is not ... insisting 2017 I think it's no longer reachable by it by the forms of writing this I've practiced for 40 odd years and and therefore in a sense sent out so cycle of London is coming to an end and ... obviously in New London emerges but for me it's a lost London because the the the written in London the London how to pa Austin referred back to previous writers always one generation drew on what had come before my fingers over because you now wedded to a kind of instant dominant present tense of the electronic digital world where people no longer move around in the city but above the city that floating on those devices the inspiration for the book the last London came from a figure who use to sit on this bench whether stains are on the fiddle very much aligned with the sundial the white sundial which was like the compass of the boat and ... he never moved and this became obsessive to me that this man could come in as soon as the park open ground about this time in the morning perched himself on his roughed stats size by listed by heavy bags and I thought somehow he'd I'm because the city he'd he drinks in the city without moving through the entire day ... and here my rushing off of my strange expeditions and somehow I don't gather in anything more than he does and he doesn't notice me or knowledge me I see him as I passed like a radar beacon and that's it the story really came to fruition he'd been here for maybe a couple of years and I've been thinking about him and asking about him but there was no information available ... and I just did a night walk around London run the ... London overground circuit with Andrew coating and we started offered by 7:00 at night it was in a winter's night it was dark and at the end of our entire nights war we were coming back the following morning about 10 to 12 on I detoured us I said we've got to go into the pa and sure enough here was this guy on his spot and I point them out to Andrew and then said something this story and about how much he seemed to represent what's happening in London the Invisibles the people who are left in bush's the ones who disappeared with aunt seen by the people scheduling by on the electronic devices and Andrew had a GoPro camera and he decided to make a pass and he went right past us superstitious fear I thought this is it is not altogether good thing and maybe even trying to include him in my story isn't a good thing it's ... colonization of its own mythology and after I slapped him cleaned up but had a coffee I came back out later that day and he was gone and he never reappeared that was it he he disappeared as if we'd we'd broken some kind of prohibition but the the marks where he saw to still to have this evening imprints in in the wood itself and serious presences registered but he's become part of a different kind of story by being filmed by Andrew clutching the one thing he he did teach me Lewis was so that London is a an organic entity is the kind of person being the whole city is intending to the the materials the break the story of that break where it's come from in these columns the cross is the nature the cobble stones the memory of the pockets being ... gas and coke works the bombs that fell here the lives of the pot capers the grass that dog walkers joggers all of this is making 11 template organic saying and it if you take out one element the whole thing ... trembles and loses some of its force so in a sense we encounter with him was was very special and became the really the opening device but let me through the last London book I was doing everything I write is is ... also backed up by images my notebooks are but this this is Mrs sort of brexit war we woke from Waltham abbey down to the site the battle of Hastings in the footsteps of king Harold who's personally buried in Waltham abbey so then as we walk on snapping away and and I use these memory prong that is John Rogers was that to start with the drama David Claudia Botton singing we do have pasta the landscape while I was walking down to Croydon I found on the pavement mismos and I picked it up you know it's also like a boat or bird and there is an object like found on the street but it becomes part of a book part of a story and then it's just Chuck down incident somewhere else I found I like things to to refer I found a strange boot with it seemed to fit with what the idea of walking a large loads of tapes yeah all of it this is this is like the history of all of all of the stuff I've written piled up around recently I've got very uninterested in the work of FAA poly logo issues Hamas and she's lived in London for for awhile in this area and she interrogates London in ways that a parallel to what I do but much more intense and forensic he's done a credible program recently of looking at the patterns of chewing gum on the pavements and bringing great macro lenses to this FAA seemed the perfect person for the final image of me of the last London is the room where I where I typed in worked how to photograph on the wall by mark Atkins of me down by the river Thames before any of the current developments Abbas up stairs started to leave but I couldn't see this because the Ramones of boxes in the books and eventually when I looked at it the fresher office entirely destroyed so I got FE to photograph the photograph this this is the kind of icon who is the the final days of London like Richard Jefferies off to London London had become swamped and mod and she then looked at the back of the photograph and started to film the patents of decay you saw London as really beautiful in its decay yes it was a pair of shredded long the city being turned to lace and I think also that beautifully in the same way that she could read the traces of London by looking at the paper picking up books was something I did and objects and funny the pieces and and needing eventually to nest them around me to build them around me which word the stories that I would tell world derive from things that reached around this is this is long before the internet so so as I as I was working at the desk that I always knew I could reach up to this shall fear and he has such and such a book by Angela Carter no don't look at that and feed in the something would become part of the color and texture when I was writing so in a sense this room the witness well cave Astoria room anymore a enemas a terraced house in in Hackney it is essentially a ... mop of my brain you notice from which all the journeys begin I think without this I couldn't I couldn't got into London seems like a demonstration of the charity co back in his book I hate the internet reckons that basically the entire culture is emerging from the comic strip of the graphic novel and if you keep peeling back you end up with the kind of world of ... heavy bosom ladies in minimal cost you confronted by some green monster Hackney is decided to prove this thesis with this war while you were filming you weigh yourself being filmed the pools guys works because it the area is devouring itself cannibalized in in imagery and it's a monster eating itself with images of images of images all the way through until we just disappear into a bright white don't right scratch interesting busing where we'll go down here in the yard on this side you have the old containers as genuine contains and here you have the customized containers of the new Hackney most of what we are told is not believable most of what announces itself as a qualification to if you're transport for London you'd have to have a bracket behind it it says every journey matters I feel Volkov highways digging up holes Ole the Hackney you'll have a bracket behind it considerate constructive so is it necessary double edged ... beach message should always banging into your head there every surface is covered with computer generated utopias promising something that doesn't exist you've got nice contrast here within yards of a you have the rough sleepers on that ledge the next ledge under a railway arches is gonna table of 5 with cafeteria as in cross almost having their breakfast as if in one of the CG I visions and it's just maybe 1015 yards beyond the ledge disputed between Robson swans and rough sleep in their account ... desperate really do you have to be to live somewhere like that this never being such a division between the very rich kleptocracy seriously wealthy with that investment side of this and that vanity towers and ... the Invisibles through the rough sleepers see socially excluded the people who are picked up by immigration authorities challenge that that just sliding away being pushed further and further out more more exclude people borrow in sleep that sleeping bags left this is all the places for the time like 5 Thompson 20 or 30 people just sleeping against anywhere there's a British scrub prohibitive head show will warm wool you know that hidden away that the disappeared to the city the next thing I'd like to write about it is so Peru yeah Peru my great grandfather it quite interesting adventures life but having lost his money of blowing his money at a certain stage he ... took on a tricked into ... quite extreme cherry tree in Peru not being left out towards the headwaters the Amazon with a view to seeing if you could plot coffee you've been sent by the the Peruvian corporation had been given this enormous tranche of land but basically to take over the infrastructure was railways and minds but then they thought well there's all this other stuff let's see if we can plan something and he was he had been a planter in salon and he'd been a gold miner in Tasmania and he's so well okay and off we went with 2 other Scotsman and he wrote a book does better describe these journeys and adventures in Peru which I've had around for a long time but I I read it closely and I took goddess he's this is everything I've done stem from this of his ... his style is very similar to mine except instead of writing about the a 13 he's talking about the Amazon has these finishing organ encounters I thought it would be rather wonderful the stage to to go back and try and find the source of whatever impulses of brought me just to write I I certainly couldn't of done that allied worked out to her resolve to it but I sort of was the difficulties of writing in describing London I'd I'd I feel quite liberated from that now //
"2017-03-08 11:38:08"
Mary Beard: Women in Power
\\I'm thank you very much for coming on so I not in 1915 the American writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman published a phony belongs killing story cold Herland that title a pittance ... this it's a fantasy about a nation of women and women unduly that has existed for 2000 years in some remote still unexplored Paul the globe it's a magnificent utopia collaborative peaceful even the cats stop killing the birds in her land it's clean and tidy it's brilliantly organized an absolutely everything from it sustainable agriculture and delicious food social services and education and it all depended on one miraculous innovation at the very beginning of its history the founding mothers of her land somehow perfected the technique of parthenogenesis but the practical details enough to bid on clear off to sign up but the women somehow simply gave birth to baby girls with no intervention from men what say whether there was absolutely no sex in the hood that story is all about the disruption okay swim in this world when 3 American blokes discover it there's a bundle it can Jennings but no it's going to write prison Jeff Mulgrave a man whose gallant trees almost his own doing in front of Simon the latest and then there is the truly upholding Terry Nichols not when they first arrive Terry refuses to believe but they're really on some then haunting somewhere pulling the strings because how often all he's could you imagine women running and thing will eventually Terry to accept that that is exactly what the women all entering he then decides but what good lands needs is a bit of sex I'm a bit of mail most jury story ends with Terry ignominiously deported off to one of his biggest fan lost 3 in the bedroom and you can guess how it went goes horribly wrong no they're all kinds of ironies in Perkins Gilman's tell you one would think that she plays throughout is that the women simply don't recognize their own they have independent creating it an exemplary state one you could be really propped up but when confronted by these 3 male visitors who like somewhere on the spectrum frankly between its sprawling listen scumbag they tangle waste to defer to the mail call known each and expertise a look slightly you know all the male world out site the point is Lou they've actually made a utopia these women think they've messed up no I started with her London I'm going to come back to the end because it nicely raises some of the topics that I've got on my agenda this evening for all my imaginary communities of women doing things that way to pick up questions of knowing how we will recognize female power under the sometimes funny and sometimes honesty for writing stories that we tell ourselves about female homa and indeed I have told also about to in the west at least thousands of years no I've talked before us as Nicolas said about the ways that women get silenced in public discourse and there's plenty about Soylent sing still going on a perfect example of that would be senator Elizabeth Warren being prevented a few weeks ago from reaching out to correct her skull king's letter in the U. S. Senate now what was extraordinary about medication was not only that she was not allowed to use her voice to tell you that I was actually formally excluded from the debate and actually I don't know enough about the rules of the U. S. Senate know how justified or not .woes I thought was extraordinary the fact that several men over the next couple of days even read the letter out I would not excluded no shop no okay they were trying to support Warren but the rules of speech has applied to her didn't appear to apply to Bernie Saunders order 3 on the male senators to sign also it much like with it came off trick which was let Liz and I thought in the right place well if it is both Warren no ground since it cools has settled in these very often on Jackson anyway that right to be heard is crucially in but what I want to do in this lecture it's too warmly dim the frame of reference to think more generally about how we have learned to look at women who exercise power or trite I want to spittle the cultural underpinnings of misogyny in politics in the workplace and I want to explore its forms bed nets what kind of misogyny aimed at war or whom using what words and images on with what affect misogyny is a very blanket term tone it's and I think doesn't get you very far I don't want to think harder about colonel annoy the conventional definitions of power that we carry around in our heads or that much of the conventional definitions of no leads scrutinise and authority have tended to exclude women now I know you late tended to exclude others too I haven't forgotten about the others but up my brief to not to about women no it is obviously and happily the case doctor in 2017 there are more women in what we would all probably agree were powerful positions then there were 10 certainly it's ago whether that's as politicians us please commissioners as CEOs judges or whatever still a clear minority but they're all more or now if you want some figures around think 4 percent of U. K. MPs were written in the 19 seventies around 30 percent now all and we have in fact just post a major milestone when a woman was elected in the Cotton Bowl Alexian when for the first time it has ceased to be true that they're all Morton then currently sitting as MPs done that have ever been female entries but there are now historically Moule women who have what looks if you're elected to parliament than those men that are currently that no that fits I think ... well the greens factoids over it because it's kind of upside that fits my basic premise the omen tool and cultural template for a powerful person remains resolutely mail whatever the improvements on the ground that's to say close our eyes try to conjure up image or a president all that mattered to move into the knowledge economy what most of the city is not a woman and not just just true I can promise you even if you all a female professor the cultural stereotype I think so strong but at the level of those close your eyes and kisses it is still hard for me to imagine me or someone like me in my role no but you had a bit of fun up and buy puts the phrase call tune professor into Google images U. K. Google images I just call team professor in order to make sure I was targeting the imaginary ones out of the first 0 images of caught team professes that came up how many do you think well female just one there's a selection the sole female professors on the bottom right and she is holy for Peckham owned phone not but they're also reflects the scientific 11 you'll listen up to look for professor in a lab no a library but to put this deal the way rooms it we have a new template for what a powerful woman might look like so I happened that she's probably looks rather like common left I see yeah the regulation prophecy or at least who says worn by so many western female political leaders from Merkel and to may indeed be convenient and practical they may also be a fairly strong signal over a refusal to become a close holes which is the fate of so many a political why but they're also a very simple tactic like in lowering the tomber of the voice to make the female appear more male I'm sorry to fit a part of power it is the first already knew exactly what the game was when she said that she had to halt and stomach of a king now that's how India all the divorce between women and power that must underlie the effectiveness of those pool brilliant Melissa McCarthy Paradis on Saturday Night Live of the White House secretary shoals Spicer right not if you say it deliciously that these how annoyed president trump mole than most satires on his regime because according to one of those quotes placed him quits you don't look like his people to appear weak not if you did kut what that actually means is that he doesn't like his men to be parodied ball 8 and as women weakness always comes we left the mild Jenda to it now what fuller version the next day is it seems to me that women are still perceived somehow belonging on the out site power no whether we sincerely want to update them onto the insight power as I imagine that most of us here do about I up I may be doing a disservice but I don't think that I actually many people come to listen to lectures on ... remain in power if you really think it's a very bad idea thing you'll probably paid up supporters of his nation I all weather on the other hand by various and they're often unconscious means we somehow with the people who cost women as interlopers when they make it and you know I like I still remember when in most Cambridge colleges that the women's lose were almost always kind of talk to way across teen court told through a passage in down in the basement and you kind of wonder whether that was a message there about where the pendulum but what if you saw your own consciously around click the shade metaphors we use a female access yeah knocking on the door storming the citadel smashing the glossy league or just giving them a leg up all those my divorce underline female exterior over to but women in power a scene as having to break down barriers or alternatively tentatively this is a perfect taking something to which they're not crew why not surely entitled not a headline in the times in early January captured this brilliantly both an old school reporting on the possibility that women might soon gain the positions off Metropolitan Police commissioner and chair of the BBC trust and become bishop of London Petaling Brett women prepare for a power grab didn't show much booty on the PC they under the headline here you can see the estable Cressida Dick Armey if you as the new commissioner of the met is actually the only one of those predictions yet true no but realize that headline writers ... page to grab attention but the whole idea that even given that you could possibly present prosper over a woman coming bishop of London as a power grab brought and the fact that well probably dozens upon dozens of readers did not bat an eye only leads when they looked at that headline that is both completely love but it's also a sure sign that we need to look a lot more from adult cultural assumptions about women's relationship workplace nurseries family friendly hours numbering schemes of all those practical things are very important and very enabling but they'll only halt of what we need you doing if we want to give women as a Jenda and I'm thinking here not just in terms of a few determined individual we want to give women as agenda their place on the new site of the structure I'll we have to think Houghton about how and why we think about left and if we do if there is a cultural template which works to dis empower what exactly is that template and where do we get to help own syntax and to put some of the issues are hoping to shop of focus up it wouldn't surprise you that I'm going to take it back for a few minutes to the world of ancient Greece and the very earliest light is that western culture that we can still easily take a good look at not I should say he I don't for a minute one to suggest classical inheritance is the only inheritance that we have in the west thank heavens it isn't not books the classical world dust devil providers some of the main building blocks of the molten debates really ... you've agenda and he's still deeply embedded in our narratives in off symbols and you know all and more often than I think we may realize and I'm hoping to show you and sometimes quite shocking ways we all still using Kelly green idioms to represent to ourselves only dear over women in and more often how to hold power nothing kick hopes is on the standoff cell if we take a more careful look but what the Greeks were going on about no there isn't first sites I'm but will the impressive array of powerful female characters in the repertoire of Greek myth and great storytelling in real life ancient women had no formal political rights they had precious little economical social independence and in some cities such as Athens respectable married women will almost never seen out flight the Hon but if Simion drama impotence and the Greek imagination more generally has offered own imagination a whole series of unforgettable women names like Matilda Clytemnestra or on taken the among many others can still ring allowed Belfer they are not however role models for anybody 4 from it for the most part she few harder at that stories they are portrayed as abuses of power not answer uses over it thank take kit when they take it illegitimately I'm not power grab innocence leads to chaos right to the state it leads to death these among the stress hybrids who don't really women in the great sense of the word tool and the only flinching logic of their stories is that they must be dis empowered I'm put back in that place infact it's them mass but women must have power in Greek myth and telling the actually justifies their exclusion from it in real life and justifies the rule of man I can't help but thinking that actually up Perkins Gilman was slightly parodying this logic when she made the women of her land themselves believe quite wrongly that day has messed up the idea of women mixing up our terribly terribly important if you go back for example to one of the very earliest Greek dramas to civil life the I commend them of east coast which first performed in 450 8 you'll find that it's anti heroine Clytemnestra horribly encapsulates that ideology in the play she becomes the effective ruler of host city while her husband is away fighting the Trojan War in the process ceases to be a woman in the Greek Aeschylus repeatedly male terms of the language of masculinity to refer to her in some of the very first lines of the play heck character is described as unusual Bhoodan really hold would to translate up very neatly that means something like new with not only purpose thinking like a man and rub it which means men it is what I think that Frederick Layton is trying to capture here in what is a really very manual master of course the how would that Clytemnestra illegitimate he claims is put to destructive purpose she brutally murders I commend known in his balls off when he comes back home the patriarchal order is only later restored when Clytemnestra children successfully conspire to kill her there's a similar logic to I think in the stories all the mythical race ... on more real women I learned is the absence it was said by Greek writers to exist somewhere you couldn't quite we'd tell web somewhere up north from the northern borders the great world they were at a decidedly more violence and more militaristic and locks them the peaceful denizens of her land owner of a run malicious regiment really who always threatened a river runs civilized world Greece and Greek men up here you see some in action I think it's not a coincidence that the dressed in these very personal style onesies is what it looks like home of the potions being but the defining historical enemy the Greeks not an enormous amounts of modern feminist energy has I I'm afraid bean waste it on trying to prove that these Amazons in deed once really exist with almost seductive possibilities that that might raise a historical society that was once ruled by and for women dream on a freight the whole truth days Amazon's wreck constrict club it would become strict if lord treat is the violence and where UC construct or Greek mail me if it imagine a the basic message the Amazons was that the only good Amazon was a dead one or if you want to go back to the awful Terry yeah only good on this and was one tentative who had been lost it in the bedroom not with a wonderful economy of this falls in the British Museum of it is actually capturing both those lines as the kidneys killing the Amazon queen but at the moment all for her death faithful in law so what sex and death altogether much but the underlying point of principle walls you've cont I hope stressed this I think too much pulling one to principle was that it was the do you teach of men sorry civilization from the role of women not that's all it is true additional examples where it might look as if we're getting a raw the more positive version of ancient female power in Greek culture and literature on one look great stink hole of the mountain stage is Aristophanes comedy known by the name of a sweet female character Lysistrata it was originally written later in the fifth century BC arm habits become a popular choice because ito appears to be it her thick mixture or how I brought classics voice deep feminism stop the war agenda with a good sprinkling of smart right it was once famously translated by Germaine Greer said is gone about everything I've it's the story as I'm sure you'll vote strike set knobs in the world of myth like Greek tragedies all in the contemporary world tonight Athens underlie sisters his leadership the women try to force their husbands in the long running Warwick's boxer but like refusing to sleep with them until they do I do have a sex strike has had a loan his in west culture never very success let me go around from one step to play with enormously inconvenience erection which tends to cause birth difficulty of I bet great hilarity in the molten cost Jean department you see a 2 versions here this guy I've chosen trying very modestly cover his erection up up but this is the kind of ... the squeezing both pulled close student departments model of the license today this is the bane the sausage balloon home yes they the problem up in any way that the end is a gift in the fine to see the end is well known and predictable unable to bed these encumbrances had the longer the men dig into the women's to moans and they make peace and so most modern production spike to tell us the scene is girl power at its finest and most ancient the Greek goddess of wisdom ... ... a fina the patient dies he the city of Athens itself is also often brought in on the positive side of this Greek but in my jewelery of female power isn't the simple fact she was female enough to suggest a more nuanced fashion over at least the end mansions sphere of women's influence in Athens oh grease more generally no I'm afraid not if you scratch the surface and you go back to the fifth century contact Lois sister took the play law sister certainly looks pretty it's not just the the original ordinance and actors consisted according to Athenian conventions entirely both men we have to reckon that the women characters will probably play it role the like very ridiculous pantomime Dunns with pillows down that check to give the big boobs and pillars of the back to give them a big problem of not like blown up it's serious Mrs punk have feminists for you you got a very sort of burlesque version of what's going on she's never what we see will read it but if all sides of but in the end of the license to the fantasy and it is fun a women's power is firmly Stumptown in the final scene of the drama I think most people have gone to sleep by this point on when they speak a modern version the final scene of the drama the peace process actually consists of bringing home to stay unlike kid woman or actually a man somehow dressed up to be an I'm sure you must as if she were the map of Greece and she is metaphoric he called up in what is a thing of very uncomfortably pornographic way between the Spartan Ned yeah ... all have that lovely breasts and you know you take the box it there is no pressure feminists and as for Athena true that in nowadays bowing to read charts of ancient Greek gods and goddesses I have to learn not when I school suspect people drive anymore but she appeared on the female side what goes down one side goddesses down the other Athena's on the cult crucial thing about her in her ancient come tax is that she is another of those very difficult and sometimes worrying hiked rates she is not a woman in the Greek sense at all so she's dressed as a warrior when fighting was exclusively male work and that also has to be an underlying problem with the homeless then she's a virgin when the raison d'etre of the female sex so really the breeding of these yeah and she was not even born of a me mother herself but she hoped to a rickety out of the head of her father use and here she is managing it up on the Greek poet coming out here Zeus very calmly giving blood it's a Siemens raw the defeated of Mexicans immersed modern artists are I'm afraid I don't mix these 2 could only be done by men only a mind could think that solve those from the head was a bit like having a bad headache so yeah storymap kind of town near the whole thing put together you better read whether she's a woman or not Mr readers offering a glimpse of an online deal now you world in which women couldn't wanted just to be kept in that place you could imagine they might be dispensed with in tautly she's a fantastic male patriarchal symbol a she wasn't a mother she didn't even need to have a muffler that that is wanting out the role of women in the ancient world and the point is a simple one think but it's very important right now what we see is if we go back to the beginnings of western history we'd find a radical and who bridgeable separation both real cultural and imaginary between women Paula or to put it another way at the origins all literary and story telling tradition we've got about separation firmly in but it but this one item over fina's co host gene that really brings this very vividly right up to our own day only most images of the goddess up the very center of her body home fixed onto her breast plate he fund the image of a female head withdraw leaving snakes I have this is the head of medusa one of the 3 mythical sisters known as the Gordons and it's one of the most potent ancient symbols of Nabeel mastery over the disk didn't danger that the very possibility female pow presented it's no accident that we find her decapitated and probably paraded as an accessory by this decidedly on female female deity no there are many versions many ancient fashion a Matisse story but one famous one ... because her ritually being a beautiful woman he was raped by the gold Poseidon in a temple Athena Xena promptly trunks formed as punishment for that sacrilege unnoticed that is the rape victim that's getting punished here not the Athena trolls forms into a dangerous most stress creature snakes for her head and a dainty capacity turned to stone anyone who looked her in the face then in due course became the Tosca of the Greek hero Perseus kill this monstrous women cut her head off by using his shiny shield as a mirror so we could avoid having to that directly Atta Tessie Kilda date he falls to pull use the hate that go out of the weapon himself since even in death it retained the capacity take petrified the enemy I turned to stone but eventually he presented it to Athena herself who displayed it on the front of her own oma one message I think being take care not to look too directly out this goddess shuffling medusa now it did not need Freud to see those snakes he looks with somehow connected with a implied at least claim to find it power this is the classic myth in which the dominance of the mail is violently reasserted again it's the illegitimate power the woman and western literature culture and art have repeatedly return in those terms the bleeding head of medusa is a very familiar sight in our own Morton iris and amongst all alone Martin most pieces but is often loaded with interesting and tricky extra questions about what is the power of the artist to represent an object which nobody should look at it's a be a very all that its appeals to actually quite a lot of practical painters and sculptors Caravaggio in 1598 did extraordinary version here or the page up review said his own features screaming in horror blood is pouring out of the snakes of her head rising you decades earlier Benvenuto Cellini temperance one showing posts yes up with the hate the medusa still stuns you can still see it in Florence in the piazza in your area hero is depicted from playing on the mangled corpse of medusa and holding her severed head opium the era a gain blood on the guns in bronze pouring out of it what's it estrogen to men is that this beheading remains even now a cultural symbol of opposition to women's power I'm gonna Michael is always having her features superimposed hunter Caravaggio's bloody image Merkel is on the right by the way what yeah under Oregon to resume Monday was once dubbed the medusa off Maidenhead in the magazine of the police federation under the medusa comparison might be a bit strong the Daily Express responded this terrible economy real low that Mrs may has beautifully coiffed head nah you perhaps go all through like me compared with Dilma Rousseff who drew a very short stroll up as presidents of Brazil but you have to open a major Caravaggio's show insult Pallo them would use it was of course in it a unreason us in front of the very painting of there's a there we go another I don't deny someone I'm gonna Michael I didn't reset in front of the very pain sitting up proved up an irresistible photo opportunity a president elect plus gorgon but it is with Hillary Clinton that we see the medusa theme stockists and I think it's very enough to predictably perhaps there were plenty of images produced by trump supporters in the presidential campaign showing her with snake you know but the most horribly memorable open I dotted Benvenuto Cellini he's brome's it was a much better fit than the Caravaggio because it wasn't just a hate also included a heroic nail victorious 3 and Keller all you needed to do was to superimpose trumps face I'm productive the killer post here as a gift Clinton speeches the severed head it was I imagine in the interests of taste but the mangled body on which persists trump pulls in the original was a meaty not if you crawl around some of the doctor who recesses of the whip you can find some very nasty images of Obama but they are in the web's darkest assesses the same oppose his prompt swaggering with the sword and brandishing the bloody dripping using head of medusa Clinton was very much part of the everyday domestic American director decorative world by Tom T. shirts and vests on coffee mugs or laptop sleeves and all type box sometimes with the logo triumph sometimes jump but you need to think about that problem really needs a moment or 2 take in that normalization of gender violence which we have also seen here and the motive to coax would be one thing that you'd want point to everybody started out feeling the seeming a bit doubtful about the cultural in they didn't us of the exclusion of women power or of the continuing strength of classical ways of formulating and justify not well I'm going to give you trump and Clinton plus use a medusa and you know what I rest my case but it wasn't enough to rest case better without saying what we might actually do about this what would it take to review situates women on the inside not the outside power no not question I think we have to distinguish between an individual perspective animal communal general if we look at some of the women who have quotes may yet it we could see some of the tactics and strategies behind the success which don't mean we come down to a pink mail it to him one that many of those women chat is a capacity in different ways turn the symbols that usually dissident power women to their own advantage Margaret Thatcher seems to done up with her hand bikes so the different surely the most stereotypically female accessory became a verb of political power as in to hand back well and I suppose this up as an incomparably more junior level of I did something similar out when I went to my first interview for academic job in Texas heyday as it happens up aboot apparel blue tights specially for the occasion it was not my usual fashion choice rut but the load chick was really satisfying if you interview I thought but don't be thinking that only a right bluestocking then let me show you the all you know that's what you're thinking and the article there for I still recommends my female students to try the blue stocking trick right that's what your reason may it may be a bit too early to say and I think there is a possibility I think we have to reckon with the possibility that we may end up looking back to her as a woman who was putting power in order failed trying very hard not to compare her to talk to Mr but I do sense that her shoe thing and the kitten heels and all but one of the ways in which she shows that she's refusing to be package into that Middleton she's also Robert goods life sexuales deployed to the weak spots in the armory of traditional Tory male power the fact that she's not Paul about lovable boys will but she's not one of the ads have to some degree helped carve out independent Turchi for herself she's me power and freedom out all the execution which is also famously allergic to months blaming many women could I'm sure Scheck expected some tricks like that but to be honest the big issues on trying to confront and it really aren't sold by a series of tapes on how we can plug for the exploit the status quo I don't think either the patients it's very likely to be the owner let's just wait the gradual change to happen and very likely will happen gradually and in fact given the women in this country of have the vote for less than 100 years I think we shouldn't sometimes we shouldn't forget to congratulate toll selves up both women and men only the changes that we brought about thing it's not will play so if the deep cultural structure the Dixon lighting women's execution all I have deep as I have all cute they gradualism is likely to take fault too long for me much and I think we've got to be more reflective Scully about what power he's what school on how it's measured but in another way if we win or not perceived to be fully within the structures of power isn't it the power that we need to redefine not the women so far all I have tended to follow the usual pop off until kick about women's power of largely been referring to national politicians and hall finale on seniors journalists television executive this gives a very narrow fashion of what pathway is Lonetree correlate we've public prestige or in some cases Nick to riot it's very Holly and in the 2 to since what is bound up with the glove ceiling image of power which not only is a sin before still effectively positions women only out for Allah but also imagines the female part India as the old lady successful superwoman him Jossa huge lost duties of male prejudices I keeping from the absolute all right as he see slowly I would a few times a Lotta in she's like that in there preps Theresa may Buddha to be honest I don't think that cloths evening mortal speak who even if they're not aiming to be pressed or company boss still likely feel they want some state in it is certainly looks as if it didn't appeal lost yet to enough American voters not even if we do you restrict sites to issues of national pop the question of how we judge women's success within that anyway wants there are loads of the tables which Schalch the proportion of women for example with the national legislature at the very top because this or to be a surprise if you've not looked the very top comes Ruanda well over 60 percent of the members of the legislature all women or you can say is almost 50 places down in the league title with roughly 30 percent strikingly the Saudi Arabian National Council has a higher proportion of women in it than the U. S. Congress not it's hard not to limit some of those figures and to repeat what others under law cuts right keep being made about the role of women post civil war conflict resolution in Rwanda but the cynic in me dulls wonder if in some places large numbers of women in the national legislature means that in that particular country that is where the power is not you only find a real lot of women in a place that isn't really now I'm also not into a show that was straight with alpha about what if we do think about women in parliament but we want them full a number of studies point to the role of women politicians in promoting legislation things of childcare equal pay domestic Fawcett society report recently suggested Lincoln it's probably true between the 5050 balance between women and men in the Welsh assembly on the number of times all those women's issues were raised that that's all well and good and I'm certainly not going to complain about childcare and the rest gets you bet entering but I'm not sure that is a good idea that such things continued to be perceived us women's issues and for me at least that's what the main reasons why we want more women in politics those reasons I'm much more basic just flagrantly on just to keep the women out by what ever unconscious means we do so we simply because 14 without tease Holly tekel chill if it means fewer women get into the legislature must do that means fewer men get into that had just a check as it must do I'm I'm happy to live with that and so the closings in man in the eye but this is still treating power as very elite couple to public prestige to the individual charisma of leadership nouveau Tacoma's on all fronts to a degree of celebrity it's also treating power very narrowly as a thing the only the few mostly men possess or we don't exactly I moved up but the image of pursuit trump brandishing his phallic so would on those terms we mean as agenda no of course some individuals women as agenda up like definite excluded from it you caught easily fit women into a structure that is already coded as male you've got to change and that means thinking about how a different it means I believe de coupling it from public he's it means thinking collaborative flee about the power of full Lewis not just the death and that means a bubble about thinking of power as a tribute or even a verb it took power not because of possession I'm talking about the ability to be effective the ability to make a difference in the world and the right to be taken seriously together as much as the bitch really its power in baths but many women feel they don't have and they want one of the popular resonance of mammoths blaming spot the fact that many men intensely disliked upturn I think it hits home for me because it points straight to what he feels like not to be taken seriously but like when I get lectured on Roman history on Twitter yeah so should be optimistic for changing the assumptions of what power is and what it can do and women's engagements maybe a little I'm struck for example that one of the most influential political movements of the last few years black lives matter was founded by 3 women most of us are suspect would recognize none of them names but together they did tap to get things done in a different way but I'm afraid I have to end on a P. cold if not slightly gloomy note I'm not sure that culturally we drop verify in subverting those foundational stories of power the act to keep women out of it or turn them to our own advantage like that how black I myself this evening played the pulse of the patent objecting to Aristophanes Lysistrata being presented as if it was about girl power but he that's what we should be and despite the fact but they're being old kinds of well known feminist attendance over the last 50 years to re claim medusa female power not to mention the Versace logo user it's made no a blowing spit of different how she's being used in attacks on modern women politicians now the continuing power over those traditional narrative very nicely they possibly fatalistic plea captured also by Perkins Gilman to him was like promised when I return there is a sequel to her lunch in which the narrator vandyke decides to escort all full Terry back home to all lands and to take with him his now wife from her land pulled a little books cold read her in our land interest to put it mildly all lands not show itself all very well not least because other dole is introduce to it in the middle of World War one and before long the couple of teach Terry I decide to get her back to her land by now van and other tools are expecting a baby she's learned about sex I hope and you may have guessed it in the very very last words I can never we read each Yukos son was born to us now Perkins Gilmore must I believe have been very well aware that there was no need for another sequel any Rita in teen with the logic of the western tradition would have been able to predict exactly who would be in charge of her land in 50 years time it will be that boy thanks a one can very much I am as a classics teacher your class teach I teach kids what do we do about face in lessons but we don't have time to go the whole feminist debate and yeah I'm I'm teaching 15 year olds and 14 year olds about these myths I'm desperate to exist put it into context how do you do it arm UL I I try to get the right in the eye you know and say look if what it under some teaching undergraduates who you don't have my Dick a stint efforts to opt in to starting this subject I did say to them if you wanted to start to load the feminists you wouldn't a chosen classes right but also I mean I think that what what she can get them to say what if I was doing what I'm doing is slightly slightly more upbeat version is that the ancient world is preoccupied by gender because patriarchy is never easy and that if the fact that you're constantly to be rehearsing the wickedness of women the way women market out of out of control the way you have to disempowered and you have to put them down you know Joe wait the war in the live you know being committing adultery before you you know going out the front door no mood you're in the box when you get back ... that in some ways that's about patriotic desperation to say that is that is natural and so you can but I suppose what I try to do is to I'm incorage under a us a strong feminist reading of these very up quite aggressive ... symbols anarchist but what we haven't escaped woman at the idea that they're a Blake's going round with trump brandishing Hillary Clinton's head on the sweatshirts it is unbelievable but and like I its Basil soon if I do losses future at some places of play Telemark 2 words it wasn't thank you very much for the tool and in our lab biological positions is unable to impregnate anyone a hoax what how the ways that and women can get together and help each other out because I often in my role find other women and he wall perhaps alpha female hills and then not she tanning against me and I think we're on the same team so how come the socks wet together because when it's just one of us I think it's really hot and confused well I think it's a that's a really difficult question I feel completely split pirate because ... up on it but not when 2 little girls school and I went to an all female college onions on my career's been helped and supported and looked off to boil the women I am a beneficiary of that up until I hope that you know as far as I can I have I have given if people coming like some while I received ... unless I think we can do is do it I don't think there's any way off in this sting on it by example took the thing that worries me about it is not it does become a kind of different way of judging women I looked it up then maybe up yeah leading powerful men in this world who get ticked off because I haven't been nice to you know they haven't been good role models for the young men coming up beer here about the whole thing and to some extent load it up as I say I've been I'm totally wedded to the orchard of women that you know people looking out for each other really I'm but again do you feel that the women are being lost in positions of leadership and power to do yet move or they have to pay the caring once I have to pay the role most so I have to be like where I come from the teacher women students they gonna do overlapped as well as to what the guys today and I don't know how to keep the good side of that ... and also just let women can only think it but I agree it's ... a you know we never saw that Margaret Thatcher was looking out for us and you're right men should be just pulling all feel previous ... onza do you have any strong feelings about ... female occultism 6 colleges I felt like it on the page up supporter ... so yes we all I fully recommend Newnham college anybody is thinking during class at a do you come it is budget goes up I think that it was like a square is a thing but most serious so if if you were inventing British society education schools and universities again right futa if you like tabla Rosa you deficit done so I know what we'll do we'll segregate them but that would seem bunkers but I found in Cambridge that even now a to senior level I think it's different very different at the junior level roughly 50 percent of under graduates are now women up in my day it was 11 percent on the 2 senior level it's not plucked out and up what I think of them in some ways this is going back to the previous question but but women can operate much more powerfully wouldn't have been as a critical mass of ... uns up for a long time can just barge into colleges and faculties I wasn't affected you always the only woman 26 blocks lecturing a me up until I know how it you know 8 place that I could go for lunch arm way I didn't feel like a freak I was quite up to before it was quite fun feeling like a freak I didn't you know I I probably let's be honest I prefer it'd from and all kinds of but it wasn't particularly comfortable and it up Molly learning how to be a a woman who spoke a cop don through being an institution whether as a critical mass when I hope in 100 years into it be lovely to think it wasn't needed a but I bet it is but it been lost hope it was so I'm not I'm not sure on I kind of a sick purchased buddy old summer conviction on the separatist because a practical within the academy or anywhere ... thank you very much for your talk I was it's one thing if you could say a bit more maybe about the effectiveness sold probably ineffectiveness of creek of reclaiming I guess images such as the medusa had and I didn't if you don't recognize how do they create new images to counteract those yeah I mean I think it's it is quite interesting because we've been ... no you haven't because your tee shot through my I have witnessed over my career all kinds of abuse being reclaimed armed with facts crea all black with under what is striking is that and I can only observe and I'm not sure I console on no icons and I can observe that we've in many of these really really I've culturally imbedded symbols despite huge efforts ... to reclaim it it hasn't worked in popular culture or perhaps the Versace symbol of medusa was one side of it welcome the when ... at at is Caesar's famous old school medusa Wallace making fact been off truth medusa ... but this is not it is not a huge amount of attention within modern psychoanalyst coal classical literature and absolutely 0 impact in the popular world 0 but I didn't know until I saw the preparing these lectures I didn't disliked I didn't know you are not just seen a couple of medusa's of but I'd have no idea that it was cold soon domestic and I would just no I don't know what you do because you see you know you see I think that is what such a did with the home but I think you could make you can make me me personal bits of reclamation ... it only in the blue stockings is a personal bit of reclamation we didn't cultural pick of reclamation it we go up again the top local road is not like a feisty women wearing blue stockings in a of so that these are always terribly Condamine ton of ways of doing it someone you shouldn't knock that because it means one of the reasons why it's a good you know you can I don't think that the ways individual women Lonnie H. that it is a recipe for big social change but it's quite interesting to see what they do with that that consistently in the same our way of life just don't understand I really don't mean it would it when I was a teenager you know you put it in in in right on your gender okay ... meetings the idea of using the word Korea was so outrageous use music out right a now you know that would just been re we claim for quit politics clearing everything that's great book medusa house and another of these other things on I don't know why but you open that observations perfidy correct really maybe these the also is coming thank you and in the context of political power I'm here in Britain I wonder what you think about a the impacts of positive discrimination and all women short lists especially is those women were dismissed as Chemerinsky team has opalescent vapes thank you who alright I'm I drool Gimme portrait as a tactic on the grounds that on possibly more you need to do is to get this critical months maybe that's about the maybe the timing of some of those women into it but I hope by that kind of abuse may be other okay price to pay maybe that maybe that is a good political decision I don't think it gets to the root of but I think sometimes disguising the problem cabin in the long term help solve it because his somehow it changes things even if it is not dealt with the the really deep underbelly it's kind of made us look people ... but I think that it's wherever you see I mean is you may see that that the women who were supposedly up as it were the beneficiaries are there many ways the victim and you get off this is not in terms of the process not the truth I think of acting but the Gulf sick of it would be ... yeah she had to go on the show is because she was a woman and you know it it's another form of undermining another example I thought that I would like to talk about was in a just with the other big fake because I it in a hurry Harmon in a who is a duty and I've been a very effective politician if you put in to Google Harmon's fake you'll come up with an interest what I'd still do that that she is not capable of enjoyed putting into Google Cameron's couldn't you find a couple but it wasn't look completely different order come on his claim to be thick when he's done something really it could with his boss but Kalman gets repeatedly accused of being somehow 6 to make and that is not right that was 11 and you spoke about life sestra and in fact pay women a given access to this a rustic power a that's how they exotic is kind of sexual dominance over man on that's just like what would you know you know what it was I should know full of and it does feel like women have been allowed to empower themselves in that way in a way that we haven't been out to power ourselves in politics or in the media or in academia and I just wonder if you could talk about kind of sex and women and power and I think that that they are still for these players complicated because ... when it now gets played it does get played like that to move on that he's not home religious it is there all passages in ... the losses cheetah in which you can see the women all on or calculate their own a calibrated never insects will power not new in the Asia I didn't know what I think about the modern world home is a tricky one in relation to the ancient worlds it is always in the display it it hawks of this on but part of the country patriarchal fixation it is not as well as them being we do you could not capable of managing whatever they are kind of possibly irrepressible bundle of desire right which is going to get you and so it is not kind of ... it all the gorgeous it is and is not even of sorts have elegant contact sexuality it is really dangerous you know you let women you that women go and let me tell me what they get up to what they think and it's even lust with older women and I'm sorry you coming here look can you in much of the the sexuality of the 62 euro it is so scary now it in a way to give back to the kind of the inverting in the subverting and you know overload as a Sam Turbie finger wacky about 6 months on I think it is a place where I want to get off my pedantic high who walks so to say look let's see that you know we can see something in sexual we can see in this play I don't play it for all it's worth I don't give a toss that is not what our stuff easement and because that might help us but it's the D. certainly not what our stuff //
"2017-02-06 12:35:47"
John Lanchester argues with his Amazon Echo
\\Alexa what some of the local cinema here is the film's playing London today Lana nouns T. 2 Chainz collects a stop to it not super helpful because it just was generally Alexis stop Sonny the feet are M. a serious was on our land Alexis talked on our land excessive wrangling Alexa stop 2 this is serious ... 2001 space Odyssey I'll type sewerage tonight you Alexa yeah cool it under your next to a deal echoed my dear family usually referred to as I interestingly immediately unsightly alarmingly we thought amp of more fighting it a until we do refer to as by its name I'm not going to sack is tough tough thing of waking up and you could be quite Kathleen said I have just one person just will tell you how to use it Alexa play radio 6 BBC radio 6 music on gene so we probably well good morning these and so voting Alexa voting 5 lex avoiding 7 I want to close with that the usual mix of the unusual selectively through X. arcade fire at me demands to be able to have directional my both when the sounds that way that doesn't work message using some Alexa volume 3 to see semi wordsmith sitting with a lot of and that is a thing of crown Farah who wrote songs for the Grateful Dead said to him technology stuff that doesn't work yet now who is by the time we got you know glosses a technology the really important technologies of female to be the most important technology in daily life we don't think of them as victims as we go completely use them clocks attack none we experience things been technology when the news when they're in that kind of transitional phase between that just been invented but then not because of invisible to us can stop thinking about me the way that we stop think about classes and clubs and concerts and this is in the intermediate as prime fires with it it doesn't work yet ECOMOG sent me and mostly works ... and you know it's going to be an interesting transition that from the point when these things become ubiquitous and effectively invisible Alexa fully intend official I have started off with a lot of wonderful you track this that the thievery corporation and then says well you rarely called Raquel Jones on fully content is down by I think I think it's like a flight comes Cecil chemical thing attain to voting tax on those who you can never turn it back then so what you get well good for relative relative who's losing her sight lines as it worked well when it works you know M. it it works fool a tape does about 80 percent of the things he wanted to do so I think that whether full cost of shoes great guardian redoing this very good guardian and the courts skills rather the Medicaid state of our school programs would have a boss seems like Anna his skin is enough system it's it's and knowing alternative Amazon word for an hour okay so my I'm good my phone and there's an Amazon Alexa ... them and you have wrote papers scissors lizard spoke rock paper scissors they have spoken to and not caring tone rock paper scissors so ... in terms of just the traditional 3 ads N. book 2 vaporizes the role ... policing by the lizard and the my favorite at the paper disprove spoke Alexa open lucid spoke I've made my choice what's your choice rock she's paid paper cover 0 Alexa one U. 0 with cheap trick for another round M. Alexa great let's continue I've made my choice what's your choice lifted since our this is Dick there's a hallway I'm going first if you think that's outrageous that's a shame Alexis though okay I'll gain finished this an extra 2 U. 0 I'm one Kevin basked in this day come by to challenge me I'll be waiting for you you know different tech companies have you they often have a kind of ... that that DNA often has the traces of where they come from such things like Sony's products Sony's very much run by engineers at the office lately over engineered that they can do those amazing things but if you just look it up in a P. S. who sort of ... you know just the screen of options it's it's been it's confusing is not intuitive if it's not custom if I think of him and then you can tell the not really ... you know that it's 7 its DNA comes out of shopping and ... some of this some bits of it justice and some of the search stuff is quite racket own Amazon's website yeah if you look if you try to buy if you look at a book in their different versions of it it is often quite opaque have to figure out himself and ... the skills section the skills website the skills gap is incredibly messy and an intuitive to use and is also to things on that that it would be useful if you could find but you can call fun Alexa what's the exchange rate with the euro one parent is north one you and 16 cents Alexa Rican wikipedia entry for the Supreme Court join us you can bet that most serious speeding fences ought to be fined 150 percent of the Alexis so I'm Alexa open wikipedia scale skills yeah zircons enunciating I don't know Ohio Alexa wikipedia US Supreme cool because if the United States hi Alexis though so that's an example that if I have to I'm a structure member how I go taking communion couldn't remember not you have to look it up if you have them Spotify can't which we do ... you can access that said I can play you know pretty much any use can weld Alexa played Johnny Cash none none of this Alexa play at my dad wrote a porno right using I ... it was sick who think and Alexa play put costs he if you use the technology the thing we're talking that way to Sammy was which is fine who would be the person tries to set up Israeli disconcerting when it just doesn't I decided to think they would say and it's a diffuse M. as strong as that narrative yet you had thought it would be freaking out at this point Alexa I can tune in teaching them as goals June was the thing that a place which radio stations and so it's a thing it's actually speak I think Alexa play radio lop sing along to step is right line 2 to 3 but it's funny that I didn't know it wouldn't play might address opponent which has played one of the things about voices as a form of input is that from the point you the big computing companies it's a way of get into you we call me on our screens mole no they just Othman files the day and it's a way of extracting move learn more attention more file online time even when you know we don't have a device putting them okay Sir assortment enough to to ... of product tests just to check out but in some searches using Alexa and I'm sorry to wake it up at the same times to see what he wanted me then to see which ... which is quicker which is more accurate and said got to say the wake word such ... Alexa what the football schools if you'd like to know what yesterday's or today's ... school class say for example yesterday spoke and Syria did it take a look ... still on going thing 9 it was wanting the ... you may want to speak correct full much would change things series the thing I heard was electable to the foot will still schools but it still didn't premier league schedule for permitting check to who we 23 Alexa what's the weather tomorrow and they will be shot that was 7 don't forget your Ranko John it's very but I like the telegenic what did the parent say on his eightieth birthday I Macy a I like the Tylenol no joke he's done Isabella is about to is about not working Iran food times before I started knocking well I like the first of yes it's certain to they in the old days the only had one not known to conceive in the has another one Alexa Telenet not check knock knock is that woo woo cry Sonya Jack I think that's the answer in that instance if it having been upgraded in the back and a brown Christmas and the new one not check the thing that will it full US dosages replaces the radio we had no radio hometown ... and the note ditch to radio ... and I you know when 2 strong sufferers have and thought we'd use it him mainly a mainly for the radio and that is indeed mainly what we do it's a male voice operated right yeah music playback learn a I was you know the potential for kind of ... new form of access to computing you former accessibility ... you know and talking helping with digital exclusion less stuff potentials that but it really does rely on the people who make these devices making ... a kind of a real real priorities which and I had a day //
"2017-01-24 16:23:59"
British propaganda in the Second World War: Rosemary Hill
\\they're propaganda in the second World War had one straordinario a fortuitous advantage which is that the war coincided with a real golden age of graphic design and it was a graphic design boon that began at the end the first World War Frank pick wanting up ahead identity for the nudity about awaited London electric railway Aust Edward Johnston a calligrapher and his people Eric gill to come up with a typeface and from that flute wound the designs of ... the London Underground which of course went through everything it wasn't just the famous roundel in this unflattering it was the trains it was the seat covers everything travel posters became a great thing shell embarked on a huge campaign you can be sure of shell undated Guinness that's between the wars were all based on this very strong college olds graphic designers Abram games it was one outlet like how for who actually left England shortly after the war started it was a huge inspiration what they produced was very big boned clear designs that were very suitable for mass reproduction that were very easily readable of 2 if you were driving post something with you on the train notice it very long ... amoeba cheerful images many of them special travel ones of course will very much about this country and its habits and customs and history I'm not translated that kind of imagery particularly translated very easily into wartime propaganda it's you'll person fight for it and then also from the moon modernist start of April games who's not a genius the ministry of information who was in charge of pasted to sign and he was what his views are much more modernist not always popular with Churchill he but we do wasn't looking back to idealize Paul Steve is looking for an improved future his ability to make these very brilliant modernist ponds old images say that you see I'm a spade digging for victory turning into the proud of a great shape who say you see a table which is grown out of their allotment where the food has come from brilliant visual images very sophisticated but very easy to read and understand I think one of the most unusual and indeed charming piece of propaganda and you don't usually think propaganda being charming with the images produced by ... Adnan Gyptian cartoonist he went on to the name of Ken and he told the story of the war in style all of us passion epic illustrated with Minnich's among the best I think is this delightful theme him up with the arrival of the promised saviors who do you look at first clones like an illustration from Persian manuscript bottle tracer inspection because the first one has a cigar and he is Churchill on the second one has the pipe and he's stolen a mobile attack Israelis vote with the cigarettes and there's Goebbels falling off the back of a horse and Hitler is strapped across it dead and I I just think it's a heaven knows how effective it was propaganda budget Sebaste beautiful wishy and engaging way of presenting a story of events very far off in in culture and in space to an audience in terms that they will enjoy and understand this is one I think that one of the great images of the second World War Nevermind purchase propaganda propaganda aimed at women is is is extremely powerful image of ruby Loftis screwing up retraining working in a munitions factory she's it is a fact Trigo most older person who would not normally have featured in order to set me not as an identified individual and certainly not alone presented on this heroic dramatic scale and it was extremely effective image it was hugely popular is the painting and then it was reproduced in the press everywhere and review became realtor stall but that elevation over the woman's role to the heroic ... and dramatic was something that I think could not been seen before there were other much less effective attempts of course to ... Ortiz more patronizing attempts to deal with women's efforts that was even Kalki showing how you could be chic in the uniform and even a new rules which has a picture of a much less a dynamic and professional looking woman trying to do some very light engineering and review great about review she clearly knows exactly what she's doing she's highly trained and highly skilled and and deep became something of a national star when that image cult reproduced everywhere the racial and national stereotypes involved in propaganda well quite simply differentiated and it depended a bit alone how familiar people in Britain were with the foreigner in question during the second World War one of very few people who actually beans Japan and so it was thought acceptable unconvincing to produce really grotesque racial stereotypes OVH bar guide Buck teeth Japanese is the spider and the other thing which was curious was that on the whole propagandists had love in that images of hand to hand fighting a counterproductive that just too horrible nobody wants to think about that but it was okay somehow if you were going to smash Japanese aggression smashing the Japs was alright you can show the Japanese being banished it because they were somehow Moule alien ... and people were going to be less likely to identify with them the most curious enough to be our spaces Hata who could sometimes be ready well the Tony little cartoon fica and at other times this flesh eating loans but of course the great missing element is the Holocaust itself and that was I think of an ein solidarity about talking about the Holocaust and propaganda times in case it was thought to be just an exaggeration but the main reason walls foot all the information coming into the ministry of information about the mood of the public indicated a very high level of antisemitism and people in Britain and people were constantly complaining own no grounds whatsoever that the Jews got a better deal that they got to the front of the queue that they manipulated things and so I think it's quite Cohn to aid the ministry decided that talking about the plight of the Jews would not actually attract much sympathy in this country and so in the exact reverse of the first World War it was a new ready at the end of the war but the general public realize the horror of what they had in fact been fighting //
"2017-01-12 16:50:55"
AUDIO: Emily Witt goes to Burning Man
\\diary by Emily wet I wanted to go to burning man because I saw the huge festival in the Nevada desert as the epicenter of the 3 things that interested me most in 2013 sexual experimentation psychedelic drugs and futurism but everyone said burning man was over that it was spoiled the event which requires those who attend to bring their own food water and shelter and dispose of their own trash was overrun with rich tech people who defied the festival's precious tenet of radical self reliance with their over reliance on paid staff burning man which started in 1986 when 20 people burned in effigy on a beach was turning into a dusty version of Davos old timers lamented the rise of plug and play culture there were too many LEDs now too many caravans too many generators tech executives and too much electronic dance music there were a tad talks there were techno libertarians you couldn't see the stars I would decide for myself I rented a caravan of 6 other people a group organized by a friend in San Francisco if someone were to draw a portrait of the people who were ruining burning man it would have looked like us with one exception the 6 all worked in the tech industry the exception was a corporate lawyer none of us have ever been to the festival before we paid a company from San Diego to driver caravan to Nevada and get rid of our trash afterwards I ordered the items from the packing list online dust goggles sunscreen sun hot headlamp light emitting diodes animal print leggings I arrange delivery of a bicycle my friends would bring food and water from San Francisco they all delayed their planning with the flexibility of people who don't worry about money they bought plane tickets at the last minute and then change their flights one of them still hadn't gotten a ticket 2 days before he was supposed to go one of them ordered a bicycle from eBay now and have it delivered to his office within the hour like a taco one ended up flying 100 miles from Reno to Black Rock city in a chartered Cessna this year 68000 people came 15 years before there had been 15000 the festival is organized in circles like Dante's inferno the circles letters a through al are intersected by minutes like a clock most people said themes caps which combine collective infrastructure kitchen some showers shade water tanks with individual dwellings these range from high end operations with the full catering service to groups of friends intense some of the themes are creative one camp animal control is dedicated to trapping and tagging festival attendees wearing animal costumes others serve coffee to the public every morning or play only music by the Grateful Dead because we were depending on some people from San Diego to provide us with a caravan and hadn't set things out to the last minute we were placed in the outermost circle at al and 7:00 next to the guy who had driven 15 caravans up from San Diego his name was his Seuss I was the first of my friends to arrive he showed me various stow away bads then pressed a button to expand the width of the caravan in the process and open medicine cabinet door was ripped off its hinges it's mirror shattered I'll clean it up pacey said I watched him scoop up piles of broken glass with his bare hands I like outside the playa the central area where things go on at my I passed large structures circled by glowing people on bikes I was lonely I didn't yet understand the place I returned to the caravan founded still anti I went out again I watched an animatronic octopus spit fire from its articulated metal lands to the rhythm of electronic dance music I climb the spaceship with the effigy on top that gives the festival it's name I went back to the caravan my friends arrived after 3:00 AM I say my friends but I knew only one of them ban and I barely knew him earlier in the summer we had spent a week together in Portugal after getting together at a wedding the last time I saw him had been at 7 A. M. in Lisbon when he at last to catch a plane to a bachelor party in Austin Texas now we were reunited in the middle of the night in the middle of the Nevada desert other than sex we had nothing in common we have nothing in common we would Marvel he lives in San Francisco worked in tack and made lots of money he was always slammed at work he had subscribed to DNA mapping service that predicts how you might die the results of which are posted to an iPhone app so that your iPhone knows how likely you are to get heart disease when the subject of the festival first came up we both talked about how we wanted to go how we knew people made fun of it but that we were drawn to it he said he saw it as a good networking opportunity but we also saw it as something that was happening right now and only right now and we were both interested in things specific to the president now you put on a reflective jump suit and a fedora we ate some caramel corn marijuana bought from the California medical dispensary when out until dawn then came back to the caravan and had socks despite the other occupants the greeters at the gate had given us a guide book the list of events read like many prose poems and futurist jargon new tax city social innovation futures creative autonomous zones and cities of the future resiliency driveability open data Exene genomes and biometrics so their passwords and crypto currencies what's your future look like social entrepreneurs in free culture makers hack the system and mash the sectors for someone interested in sexual experimentation the possibilities for self education here were endless there were lectures on orgasm meditation chamada Cotto is fixation eco sexuality fancier gens tan Trevor menses sex drugs and electronic music and the opportunity to visit the orgy down I went to a lecture on new research on the use of hallucinogens and treating illnesses I listen to someone describe her research on transpersonal phenomena induced by electronic dance music the we've made bad excitable and inattentive next to his bad a small land flow of plastic water bottles had accumulated I wasn't sure if you wanted to hang out with me or share his life packed body with the naked free spirits of burning man I wasn't sure what I wanted the second night to give everyone space I biked over to the outer playa where it was silent and tea and very cold I went to bed early the next day I woke up around 9:00 AM I went out alone and walked past apply would boost painted yellow sign advertised non monogamy advice a rainbow flag blue taught in the wind the words yes please printed on it and why it then he thought was a Black Flag with a skull and crossbones science hung on the booze said the doctor was curious and available but I didn't see anyone I went closer to read the articles taped to the booth which claimed humans hadn't evolved to be monogamous a tall sleepy looking man with a shaved head walked out holding an enameled metal Cup of coffee he was sunburned and blue eyed and spoke with the northern European accent he sat down at the other side of the booth I sat facing him the sun beat down would you like an umbrella he asked 2 umbrellas were leaning against the booth he opened a rainbow umbrella and I opened a black one and we looked at each other from beneath our umbrellas I took off my sunglasses do you have a question he asked I didn't I told him that my last relationship had ended 2 years ago I suppose that since then I'd been non monogamous in the sense of sometimes having sex with different people it within a specific period of time as I said this but the idea of counting people and the idea of grouping them within the time frame seemed arbitrary this is just my life I lived it and sometimes had sex with people sometimes I wanted to commit to people or than to me but in the past 2 years no such interest had fallen into alignment I had started on this behavior moral last accident still thinking that I would find someone I love and begin a relationship now I sought out sex even when it would lead nowhere I thought of it as an important way to connect with friends I saw a good sax and bad sex as equally valuable but there were still some problems I said I still didn't feel as free as I wanted to sometimes I couldn't cross the barriers that keep people from expressing their desires rejection didn't hurt any less although didn't hurt more and I knew better how to work through it mostly by having sex with other people it still seemed tricky to get from point a to point B. with total ease despite all of the facilitators specifically designed for that purpose on the touch screen on my cellphone I as they grew about jealousy jealousy is something you have to feel he said I don't try to argue it away or pretend it isn't happening I just sink into it he was from the Netherlands he had been in a polyamorous relationship that ended when he realized he and his girlfriend no longer loved each other sometimes it seems like polyamory was just a slower more humane way of breaking up with someone and don't most people and most relationships no from the start the way the relationship will and eventually I put on my sunglasses close my umbrella and stood out to continue walking I wanted more moments like that but the places mostly deserted it was early I walked past a library I went in and sat down and started looking at the broad sheet daily newspaper that someone prince during the festival a caption describe people falling off a sculpture of a coyote across from me a man went dark hair and black glasses sat looking through a stack of comic books we began to talk like me he lives in Brooklyn it was also his first time here he had just gotten a haircut at a salon theme camp since we were in the library we talked about books we both read a book that describes what would happen if humanity suddenly disappeared the way nature would reclaim the planet the where cities would decay how long it would take the effects of global warming to be felt how long plastic would remain we talked about megafauna he wondered how dinosaurs had overtaken them in the popular imagination we talked about Narnia and Ursula look when an anarchist in a polyamorous he told me that when she was a child her family had sheltered the last native American in California living outside modern culture who had wandered one day from the forest into the parking lot of a grocery store I asked if this was the man described by levy Strauss interest her peak it was he said he was going to have a steam bath did I want to come his burner name was lunar fox he mentioned that the last time he had gone to the steam bath he had been coming down from acid at this point he admitted that it was not his first time here but is faith he would tell people was his first said they would be nicer to him this baffled me I asked him how old he was he didn't wanna say I'm 32 I volunteered I'm 33 he said we arrived at the steam bath just after noon we stripped naked and stood in line the sun felt good we were given umbrellas to stand under the steam bath isn't a hex a year the atmosphere was collegial with people singing songs in spring one another with a hose we met a guy from Mongolia we wash off the dust with peppermint soap afterwards the desert air felt cool we dried in the sun then put our clothes on again we decided not to go to the orgy down something one could only do as part of a couple or more some first we had to get my bike to get my bike I had to tell bands something about where I was going I introduced him to inner fox I figured band had his own conquests ahead of him his tan had deepened and he wore only a small pair of shiny golden shorts feel the jealousy I told myself lunar fox and I hadn't discussed our purpose in going to the orgy down we had after all just Matt the orgy dome was said to be air conditioned but it was barely air condition we were handed a bag with condoms live wet wipes mid life savers and instructions for how to dispose of our materials afterwards we entered the down I was disappointed that there wasn't much of an orgy in fact it was all heterosexual couples having sex with each other lunar fox and I sat on the couch and watched we felt strange it was clear that we either do something or leave should we have sex I asked yes he said do you want to yes I said are you sure he said yes I said the woman who greeted us at the door had advised us to express loud enthusiastic consent when we left the down we walked to a nearby shade structure where sitar music was playing a woman who said she was from Columbus Ohio came by with a jug of iced coffee and offered asylum I accepted lunar fox sniffed debt and looked tempted but said no he tried to be entirely straight edge he said the only time he allowed himself drugs was at burning man he was an anarchist and try to live as close to his political principles as possible which meant not partaking of things that come from thousands of miles away like coffee he also forbade himself to watch porn did not have a mobile phone and had made a point of trying to get by and this little paid employment as possible as a sort of protest we had this final treat and comment I asked him why not watch porn he said he thought it must up his mind we talked about the differences between male and female sexuality I said I thought men and women wanted sex equally but maybe the female body has a hard time having sex repeatedly I was thinking of my own body which felt tired it's frustrating because I could have sex 3 more times today if my body could take it I sat I can have sex 5 more times he said we left the sitar 10 got on our bicycles and cycle towards the playa we wanted to look at a sculptural recreation of the mir space station we found that one inside one of the Russians who built it was dismantling the lights the space station was going to be set on fire later that night first time in America first time and burning man he said with a thick accent we asked if he would take the festival back to Russia there's no place like this in Russia he said there would be rain lunar fox suggested some sort of dry eastern Stapp the Russian ignored him lunar fox and I left the space station cycling towards the temple of holiness where some friends of friends of his were due to be married at 445 we passed a Mayan pyramid topped with a giant thumbs up icon of the Facebook like which would later be set on fire he told me about the first time he had come to the festival in 1999 none of this existed yet Facebook lakes cellphone cameras Russian delegations it was smaller than just serious environmental activist types of the leave no trace ethic but it was the same he said anybody who said it had changed was wrong it was just bigger now and as any society grows it experiences the same problems the same stratification the temple was also a pyramid inside objects connected with various religious traditions had been removed from their history thrown together in a sort of pan spiritual admixture of well holiness a Buddhist Annville dominated the center of the room and several 0 people sat around it on the floor in silent meditation gongs on the walls struck at automatic intervals we couldn't find the wedding we were looking for but another couple were getting married and we cheered them afterwards sitting together in the sun and tossed we assembled a hexagonal plywood structure that joined other hexagonal structures in a sort of plywood molecule we were supposed to write something on it but we didn't write anything we watched as it was placed with the others and then we last on Sunday would be set on fire the day was fading this is normally when I go back to take a nap but this day winner fox said I don't know what to do about this day I knew what he meant I had never had a day like this in my life I had never become so close to someone so quickly we visited a geodesic dome we went to a chapel containing an organ that he wanted to play before it was set on fire inside more people were getting married he picked out here comes the bride on the organ and we cheered the happy couple we shared his dinner a grilled cheese sandwich with some tomato soup we made plans to meet at noon the next day I didn't keep the rendezvous instead I went back to my caravan and took a synthetic hallucinogen on blotter paper we each put half a head under our lips and went out into the night the chemicals leaching from the paper as the mir space station was set on fire the wedding chapels set on fire the Facebook like set on fire we wandered through the LED infuse landscape its color palette that of the movie tron a vision of the future that has now become the future a future filled with electronic dance music the drug hit us when we were playing beneath an art installation of rushing purple lights we ran and danced in the lights laughing and gasping we boarded mutant vehicles one shaped like a giant terrapin wanna post apocalyptic pirate ship called the thunder gumbo we danced on top of the vehicles below us the burners on bicycles orbited like phosphorescent deepsea crustaceans the memory of my day kept coming back to me I kept thinking I was seeing people having sex then realized I had just seen a pileup bike crash I kept thinking I had met the people around me before we put more paper under our lips I began to see conspiracy a mutant vehicle pulled up alongside us on top I could see several people in their fifties and sixties I saw them as aristocrats they seem to be wearing as type Mohawks and Louis the sixteenth style powdered wigs their vehicle which was shaped like a rainbow colored angler was called the disco fish I was self piloted by programmable GPS its scales were the colors of the Google logo I saw the disco fish as a secret plot by Google to defy burning man's anti corporate ethos with its self driving cars the project overseen by the executives on the second tier my suspicion seemed confirmed on one of their number began discussing a show at the Guggenheim with one of my friends still we rode on the disk of fish we dance we stayed up until sunrise we slowly made our way back to the caravan one of our number had just left the company had founded with a fortune he no longer had to work ever he told us about all the things he thought about this year when a job that had once seemed magical had transformed into a grind the day before you left for burning man he was paid to leave while we sat there outside the caravan then returned he wore blue leggings and a white fur jacket someone had painted his face he was exuberant he'd bite to the edge of the playa and watch the sunrise I hugged him I was so happy to see him the corporate lawyer arrived wearing Superman boxers in a bikini we were all experiencing our own private revelations most of us were still tripping nobody wanted to sleep no wonder people hate burning that I thought what I pictured as a cynic might rich people on vacation breaking rules that everyone else would be made to suffer for not obeying many of these people would go back to their lives and back to work on the great farces of our age they wouldn't argue for the decriminalize ation of the drugs they had used they wouldn't want anyone to know about their time in the orgy down that they had shared at the funeral pyre of the Facebook like wouldn't play well on Tuesday in the cafeteria at Facebook the people who accumulated the surplus value of the world's photographs life events an ex boyfriend obsessions were now celebrating their freedom from the web they'd entangled all of us and the freedom to exist without the internet plus all this crap the polyester for leg warmers and plastic water bottles and disposable batteries this garbage made from harvested hydrocarbons that will never disappear to protest against these things in everyday life carried a huge social cost one that only people like lunar fox or grimly willing to bear and maybe that's what the old burners disliked about the new ones the new ones up held the idea of autonomous zones the $400 ticket prices as much about the right to leave what happened at the festival behind as it was to enter in the first place still I been able to do things here that I'd wanted to do for a long time that I never could have done at home and if this place felt right if it had expanded so much over the years because to so many people it felt like home it had something to do with the inadequacy of the old ways that govern our allies and our real homes where we felt lonely isolated and unable to form the connections we wanted //
"2016-12-24 08:45:20"
AUDIO: Alan Bennett's diary for 2016
\\1/11/2016 it's not to disparage David Bowie but if even a fraction of the tribute being paid to him and his influence what true we would never of had a conservative government or indeed any go 0 toll hearing the news on the today program this morning Rupert nearly cries I met Billy only once a John flanger sometime in the 19 eighties I remember him as a slide almost color the figure who somehow sculpt a friend called later recalled how someone he knew pickup Bowie when he was still David Jones the offer to come around bringing his guitar that he wanted to try out some songs they had sex and anyone he could play only is hurt greeted another appointment and sent him away how long after this he will sit but we had his breakthrough I'm not show fifteenth jun here a Alan Rickman dies in the first week of the rehearsal for the habit of art my play the national in 2009 Michael Gambon playing the Lawton was great middle and rush kitchen Thomas if he recovered quite quickly indeed be got out of the ambulance saying under what little doing now sitting up in the county recasting which indeed we were with my first little Alan Rickman as proof because the rafting quality in his voice echoed Orton's harsh co however because Richard Griffiths was available and indeed anxious to play the prompt the row went to him emergency casting sessions such as the one gamble knew we were holding a row was mildly hysterical and often very phony assorted name often wildly unsuitable a patrol would with the actors reacting variously depending on that experience of acting with the person in question well sweetie how we talking about the same potion however printer can you be serious and she's a bit I'm with the tipping of the elbow to indicate drink taken I've often thought of putting such a session in a play your list the names of real doctors who used it wouldn't work January 24 watching DVD of pride the film directed by Matthew will could based on the support offered by lesbian and gay groups to the minor fueling the strike in the 1982 it's one of the trio of British films the although if the full Monty and brushed off spoon by the Thatcher era we could benefit from having such a clear coat political situation under readymade villain Margaret fucking Thatcher in bill nice with a giving all 3 films the feeling of being a crusade while still being very full name I'd like to have written any or all of them throughput chef the 19 eighties were such a simpler world and the villain so plain wears these days use the system itself themes on shift will February 5 looking through in 1981 desk diary from the metropolitan museum chiefly on account which lavish illustrations I come across a no 2 when Mary Kay and her children someone will came around to fill up a William in particular is very polite manfully chuckling askew which she doesn't like and finishing it thank you very much he says as he gets up I actually preferred my big you compose role he also talks of them Oregon vision is a and delicious invention the helicopter the air pollution in the telescope hungry Nate Sam says hopefully no Saddam did William patiently this isn't included in love Nina but could well have been February 14 what part of the bathroom will the fear is that when we get to the last judgment no Cristian doing the presence of god it would be like the bathroom will which is long and everything just told me I'm just checking the February the Tories are determined not simply to defeat labor but to extirpate you should never being part of English politics and it came in with Mrs Thatcher you too I can never think of her as older than pernicious February 27 good piece in this morning's guardian a discussion between will shelf and threw it in the in which the latter describes the hostile reaction you sometimes have to face a motive at 1. I got I got really angry you should be watching the audiences well they didn't get what I was doing and I should be better at my job I thought it was going to be a fight he came down to this day who was hanging about in a menacing way I had to come out of character and say look this is a construct this is true in overfilled through less menacing situations to do with writing there are plenty of law can po inference and in which the poet could out the same footnote look this is a construct but I'm not to celebrate his I pretend or maybe even as relishes March 5 however make pollution was 11/9/1947 after reading people we do some relief to reflect the to be a good diarist one must have a little snotty sneaky mine March 15 yes I'm coming out up to my counsel checkup there's a bigger sitting opposite the dual I give them a quid sitting atop but he's a good pitch you show certain giving me his spiel I don't think he even hears but I'm sure it is a good spot people who just got the all clear giving him something out of gratitude and those who haven't giving him something we hope they're hoping for some luck in their treatment first of A. pro because to me reading the profile of heart big fish show the new director of the British Museum but the person ideally suited to from the remain calm paying you Neil macgregor much love with the TV and radio crow flower and a charismatic speaker it won't happen of course and in this morning's guardian the name of the Duke of Edinburgh is put forward to spearhead the campaign it's only in the middle of the afternoon that I remember the date a first of a pro April 9 I'm waiting on the large brush marks church when a family grandfather shaman ground form cross the grandfather city being trying to explain to his ground from what a lawyer is I someone from Leeds I say I'm a loner with a bad example not show right his a grandfather we have from Wakefield I said I don't know what little people from Wakefield desperate since the film twentieth may only to a round here I'm tunic crawler comes across the railway bridge at the top of Gloucester questioned where the hell would ladies feeding the pigeons rounding the corner he pounds a month at the edge of the flock of birds who without any concealment to toll is taking out his Kulka have a P. Crayola outraged at they shout inmate you can put that away right now the mountain not surprisingly resenting the interference begins to give color some aggro Troy left a big man is imperturbable you can tell from Italy here like that you want to pay you 9 don't so my advice to you is to clear off which cursing the would be offended does with the nearest toilet to the bottom of parkway where is karma points out there are also many pubs which is probably why the man wants to pee in the first place who told you already bent double with scoliosis continues doggedly feeding the pigeons 20 third of my I don't have much time for most in notebooks and the snobbery of station right it's quite risky to rock has to make a fuss about the notebook now half way to thinking that they're dropping was a literature and headed to of posterity it's also the Wonderful World of words the tactic complains about in the history boys may 25 about the only live Boris Johnson hasn't yet toad is that if we leave the E. U. the weather will be better may 27 Yorkshire the garden is it each panelist just pumping out a Pentium bluebell skill early am any huge bushel Boteach behind me as I write my favorite will turn Ivins is slowly spreading from the clump we planted near the water trough along the path in between the paving stones I'm having filled that like law cannot could no longer hear birds I'm sitting here with birdsong coming out may from every culture no from what good have no idea I'd like to lie no pull a bit concerned get them to identify them so and give me an instance of that cold victory is another blog burden the robin but that's about it stopped in the ticket help the king's cross yesterday by a Scotsman what you'll want you to talk to him about a show for a we'd show free nicely not show fear told he wants to show for it 8 to June I suppose I admonished to die he to look after all I never imagined I could pass the driving test but I'm gonna make them out feeling of the time he remembered that he joined the human race this could be much the same except that now he will be leaving it it will require it yet fit the bill of course he said but almost as a precaution you took out his diary September is kind of empty not nothing home then a tool this is hardly a diary entry do these days though truth data seldom far away hidden teams of June Suffolk we call it Snape maltings for some tea the rest gonna mentioning looking over the interiors and Polish found few good filler on the ground cruel after tea we go downstairs and wanna Rupert looks around I get my fill shut down in a purchasable easy chair when I hear Rupert Tolkien to what I take to be no the customer you could in fact you know mom foma like in appearance who is he straight away tell throughput used to work here when it was still a functioning brewery almost he's obviously a frequent visitor and the stuff greet him around friendly terms and may even encourage him to wonder about you give the place a bit of local color you say short of character who would not be out of place in something Russian or a play by David storey June 24 the day after the referendum I spend sitting at the kitchen table correcting the proofs of keeping on keeping on and finishing the little going to Yorkshire in despair I am a Jew in this most of being what Munich was like in 1938 how often nation rejoicing that you're supposed deliverance the other still owned by the country's self serving colleges well we should see thank you for June yolk shop Tracy in the village has made a real go of her been to shop she has a good guy her stock is always changing and she isn't data Rupert delights in the place whenever we hear pays a visit well it must of got round because she being approached by one of the TV antiques programs I think there is one of the shops visited and also she's refused he says at the bargaining that purportedly goes on between the strong hold on the contestants is not quite what it seems with the program makers undertaking to pay the stronghold of the asking price the what's the best on this and tell a spurious when we were in South load a few weeks ago I asked Mrs Sharpton if this had affected her or was mortgage crisis and she confirmed that customers these days where Mike outrageously low off of half the market price you can because that's what happened they believe on television tend to view live when we drive in the village to lead to a Sunday afternoon we prefer to come the back way well east Morton else lock cross hills and then if we come in hound we go the back to back away turning off the Bradford Motueka civil spin then over the top Hulu journey to lead his almost co new room today we passionate Duleek scene the cricket pitch high on a bluff above the small wooden looking over peacefully and ed Dale their nation cricket team regularly playing his I'm plays very traditionally we know Neil reed lycra Kate begin immaculate white flannel from cow the players seem to be largely taxi drivers the cops parked on the road or is today by the actual for you with no interest in cricket with both of us cheered by this old fashioned spectacle on the planet who go to the trouble to preserve it its atomic third of all gift the data got dressed 42 years ago new counterterrorism measures announced with the designated squad of police paraded in grey uniforms faces hopped up skewered by greyhound Gucci's and of course armed to the teeth their function will be to be on duty and be seen to be on duty the tourist hot spot we're in a place the public congregate how long though before the strictly limited circumstances become diluted I generally happens when new powers to get into the pearly so it was with the taser an exceptional results supposedly but now in calling you armed police for once a rarity on a now a remarkable the earliest use of anti terrorism procedures negotiate hero who spoke out of turn into labor party come from this bill gray foolish when you get bored job teaching corruption how long before legitimate but potentially violent demonstrations come within its purview no we're not Mister Hogan Howe 16 the Volga while waiting for the beans to cope for the Charlotte new issue of I switch on TV and couch a clip of the always excellent world it will I need superior tool king spear escape the death penalty at Nuremberg and ultimately survived for one reason alone Clough he could be an English gentleman the person you most resembles is kind of civilization Clark 19 tool gift genuinely Shotton bluff sing tonight by Rupert saying that Tom Daley housing team reached the diving funnels in Rio he's about the only competitor I care about feeling that cruel if lustrous milk you had a difficult time uncomfortable the ballyhoo the last few years not really deserves a CB which you won't get though there's as much sense in using almost left to celebrate then they couldn't show 26 a boulder you'll KCIA no longer the morning on my favorite thing we should outside the bottom go and have a breakfast poor rich with poached pears lubrication but almost in the warm sunshine the book of life don't seem to stir until later on but this year they've been doesn't particularly on the book later this approach you Hasidic Jewish boy staying open the field Santa Anita ought to see these preeminently urban fingers nothing about the village no nobody stares up them okay smush notice this afternoon Rupert wishes he had his camera sue what the street is emptying the Prem help her be hives clouded over awesome helmet until the all the Gaia then watch battery has civic bodies equally but differently exotically clown they would have made a good picture and one impossible to pollution my first thought seeing Hasidic Jews is always how hot they must be in the evening they play what Rupert describes as loud Israeli music but which I count here so if you have older I'm reading neon McGregor's Germany memories of a nation which is very good and in one sense readable though in another knocked I'm reading or trying to the paperback published by Penguin but it sure cheaply done though the captions to many of the photographs are unreadable without a magnifying bluff and some of the indented quotations in the actual text on TV either it's ironic because the chapter I'm currently reading is about Luther and the preeminence of the book September 7 and it can bring thoughtfully seems to me to say that his mother has died aged 9 to one she was the widow of any kind my puter Texas to college and later bishop of Chichester no I don't recall meeting a result for the battalion Chichester where though she was the bishop's wife she enjoyed working as an OSHA right in the theater on those I hope scandalizing got trimmed opium place September 17 it would all be guys we met once I think in 1972 when we were seated at the same table at the evening standard award for lunch I was struck by how stylish and dive unique he will of like Woody Allen will similarly dapper outfit for that time Schliemann neat in a local I always found fit more striking motion OB was then in company with this male pop up which is a bold step in 1972 and only the second time might come across a few open about of a gay relationship the first time being Christopher Isherwood undone Bacardi September 19 known piece in the guardian sports section about Joey bomb the difficult and sometimes violent football into you've been transferred from Burnley 2 Rangers and is in trouble again you don't usually clever no that's not his psychopathic way when given to know make Muhammad Ali like all truths if you rightly proud of his self education and being smarter than most football knows while still being in her own worst enemy he eventually uses critique to mean criticize and would make a good conduct win something no not something I'd be capable of writing September 30 I don't know what memes Shaw will work skanky means we're rich was finding out I'm not sure okay comfortably ensconced in the language already well they just launching the turns about terrible I remember Palm Beach which is the name of bread milk we would always give me when we were pulling his children and then I see that hypothermia is a rare medical condition if I'm just being mobbed by unusual autobiographical remember in October 26 the slightly dreaded day of my first public reading of keeping on keeping on at the union chapel in Islington it turns out to be a huge building teaching 900 nothing usual pop country while still doing duty as a chapel each of us circular head of his like a pitch pine mosque we just didn't balcony Asian blimps is of stained glass windows and on the podium I think Phil monumental open the reading goes well and Nelson there are said to be lots of young people in the audience and I hope so but I'm not sure that helps when it comes to the question announcer I'm less confident with what do you think a brick shit the almost inevitable first question I deplore it is equally obvious hamsa but after the outa group we're off in silence an inarticulate despair November 2 on my bike this afternoon and trolling through regions plopped will actually in the circle the gray haired woman lay this past may before stopping a bit further on ensuring you're the first person I've ever overtake him I excuse myself blaming my panic and if Wade could not sense of gears though hers looks much the same we grumble about the speedsters who in fact they out to circle coming up behind you silently in far too close and now a days in large part into because I understand the new super highway for a bike that is being proposed I'm not sure that I approve I'd like more paths opened up in the pocket shelf if only because I get bored by king beautifully open down the broad will every afternoon no delicious not a room favored by the speed much tend to remember vanish one way of going on pollution Traum though it's hardly a solution is to live without news no papers no TV no comment not hard to do for the 4 days we are here no much under Filipino friend whose intonation I'm sure was to be held in New York surrounded by fellow feeling but after the launch it's not something I want to get used to over the outrage the disc golf the despair to become blown paid better role little bit of it well not sure in what must always be in her mind momentarily forgotten as a bereavement is forgotten but then when mom way and last thing before one sleep yeah background to everything even Venice could you can painfully through the street open down the steps to the bridges what will surely be the last time I think that even this would be the mercy of chrome's folly America Lynn points out is now virtually a dictatorship with congressional the presidency both in trump's homes and the shoe cream Kolpak for years to come home if we're lucky enough to be granted years we wake late this morning I want to prosecute was waiting to get into some Marco no she's not even this wet November own crowd pages one through 12 mother was ill wasn't water Hutch watched the place is some of its looted stonework still come symmetrically other bitch the figure of the water coming in Princeton just popped on the front and Philip fund it proper knees didn't have November sunshine Giorgio delish Kilbirnie which is never an easy task found it open and empty degrees of compound chills range around this parish room well kept now this one to shop a there with the paintings blessedly on clean room put notices as I never have that one of the monks fleeing the land has a wooden leg it complete with her room then the background to the funeral of St Jerome yeah her number did though and then the stampeding monks a coach who voted schism other visitors arrive photographing the pictures almost before looking at them well I part my cell phone one of the benches inventor sure was happy to sit down grateful is always for the grace and good temper of the Italians and the friendliness virtues on which we show summer they turned up back thankfully time will then have no children to leaving the world at the mercy of this lying and bellicose Bulgaria because of November the colored museum has been real good now further the paintings which with me we chief delight you've migrated upstairs somewhere who we don't find the anonymous man buy a Ferrari painter which we have a reproduction you'll KCIA well the plum played is with their dogs and cream you're indicted had on that 15 sentry roofed help okay about though Rupert spot something extraordinary a conflict or brooch of an owl remounted in an 18 century setting which once belonged to marry on 12 there you know the people I felt included the greed get breakfast in our hotel is also dispiriting one young woman this morning with such a passion for proved the cheap Polish up late with melon pineapple grapes and kiwi fruit and feels her pocket whose tangerines to the extent that in the process neck treat self is demeaned how to be a waitress at breakfast and retain a respect for one 's fellows some of the well to do get a Scott wait to get the food back from the breakfast bar to the table one young man downing a tumbler of orange juice own route nobody stuffing himself with sausages before you can sit down I'm not venture when I used to come to vanish in the 19 seventies I ate sometimes every night that mountain now quite a celebrated restaurant initialed will from the academia we booked for this evening except I'm not sure if I remember the way all that remains is that one path to cinema notions clothes and took a short club crucial to Passat Joe before turning left onto the key with the welcome red lantern outside look come to mom can in this circumstance if we decide to splash out on the water taxi the trick pony taking 10 minute fill so before the driver closures help from the cabin to explain that this is as close to the side if he can get there's a gap between the swaying boat on the landing stage of 3 or 4 feet down across water onto the film Rupert manages it first with him on one side of the boat when on the other I launched myself into space with charming know who's I'm flying through the air to wonder why with the background color that take you to how I'm going to manage but it's okay no even Linux's normally so intrepid you know nerve bother me to turn it when we get into mountains and compare notes that we realize how risky it being still we have a nice meal and though Italian food isn't quite the same as it was in the 19 seventies I invariably at Palmer Harmon madam followed by live organ sage neither of them on the menu tonight November 13 this way packing this morning Rupert watches hereafter on the canal steps of the hotel just as a huge multi storied Linus slides past the only one we see there which waterborne high flux hopefully make you divest liberal mounds no tenemos unclear most of these Venetian and created a law no not merely because of come from co then if however ravishing you don't have a clear shot place November 14 you know she aging picture on the front of the guardian of trump winter rosh together with no CA Ching in this case not just a word it does genuine they make one feel sick //
"2016-12-22 11:16:12"
David Runciman: From Tocqueville to Trump, looking back at 2016
\\I read a book through 4 years ago ... called confidence trap which was driven by my sense that hasn't gone away that the biggest problem in contempt for democracy is is knowing how much trouble wherein because in democracies there was people running around saying the sky is falling and it's just part of democratic life newspapers in particular but also commentators and politicians screaming fire and the fall usually gets put out and that's a line from Tocqueville's total had this line about democracies Mofaz gets filtered Mofaz get put out if you never really know which is the father but then the whole thing down and I had a feeling this was before post the crisis the financial crisis but before the 2016 kind of political crisis so when democracy was kind of bumbling along we have the euro crisis but we kept seeming to get out of the scripts were getting and how would we know when we come of taken that step over the edge of the cliff I am I doing Tocqueville because he seemed even those writing when I was 1830 that you cooties to have this prophetic sense of how democracy was gonna play out over time which was it would lurch from thinking everything was in chaos to a kind of complacency because each moment Kael's doesn't produce the final catastrophe and that over time you get this comp buildup of complacency each time the house doesn't fall down people think I can survive anything so I thought that in 16013 that was our problem our problem was we don't know well the house is about full time I'm now in 2016 us still think we don't know whether the houses that will down but it looks kinda shakier I think we go in a cute version of this question now some crying wolf problem which is brexit reciting separate ticket trump in the United States when something like this happens there is a tendency to think that we've taken that step to fall but I just think we don't know and I didn't even know how tonight that's that's the problem prince writing about it from thinking about it we don't know what the markets all we know what democracy looks like when it collapses in Latin America Africa would have we don't know what it looks like when a stable secure prosperous aging western democracy Khosrow I have a lot in the book the said something not democracies make mountains out of mole hills but they met mole hills are to mount so they panic about the smallest things but when this great big looming iceberg is that a quite good breaking it up because what democratic politics doesn't come a fractious things on it disperses things that allows all sorts of different points of view and opinions to get a bit of purchase on politics and every time it turns out I think that's what makes democracy so successful is that they can take a great big looming crisis and they can kind of trivializes but the trouble if you can see what the problem with a which is that maybe some crises that if you trivialize them you misrepresent them so you take trump ... I'm editing people trivializing him but there is a kind of already a pervasive sense it's just part of the kind of back and forth a democratic life Democrats the White House for 2 terms Republicans public gonna win yet this one doesn't like your average Republican but already the establishment is kind of working out how to deal with that's what democracies do they can't take something it looks huge in hideous and they make it look livable with almost by definition at some point democracies are gonna make something that livable with that's not difficult with a member screwed when we reach that point yet actually for 200 years of the moments would look like that might happen that's what my book is about never quite happened it'll happen Monday no use a short well because in the end cricket in the long run the sky sex always of it we said one day a save this on the 200 years of democracy the company we can be pretty sure that that business of taking big looming threatening potential catastrophic things and trying to make them routine in every damn manageable one of those one aspect of that will be misjudged and it will fail I mean I had thought when I read the book I thought with the big problem was climate change the full climate change is exactly the kind of thing that if you make it manageable in democratic terms you completely misrepresent the nature of the challenge and so over 50 or 100 years I have full then that could be the one but it could be sick equally pia a constitutional failure Democrat politics just ceases to function because a politician who doesn't know deep down have any respect to belief in the Democrat web doing things is tolerated not is a feasible when which even mature stable prosperous democracies could file on I mean we may be that we may be close to being that I still think we're probably not I still think that trump verses normalization normalization will win it will kind of accommodate him I'm not sure Tocqueville consciously was right in the beginning of the story so he thought democracy was the future and that he was at the early stages of a process which would have this kind of back and forth in it of panic followed by complacency panic followed by complacency any sort around him he so newspapers getting so the wound up about things he thought didn't matter where's the stuff that really matter slavery whatever you know the real threats to the American Republic was somehow being pushed under the surface we thought it was early days in a long evolving history of the relationship between he couldn't democratic ardent see undemocratic complacency being fired up and being too cool about it but we're probably near the end I would guess I could I find it hard to believe the story has another 200 years to run and then the theme of my book is that the difference between how it looks to us and how it looks to him as we have the 50 years of added complacency built into a perspective and that's why we struggle and use you see it around is now there's a this sort of truck that the 19 thirties is what we should be comparing the present situation to which just doesn't work for me because it's implausible isn't really that 90 that's we don't face the same threats that's the kind of crying wolf seems to me hysterical take on it but also kind of we've learned the lesson of the 19 thirties in a way puff when the US you'd leave out the hit of that ... but the Great Depression and the ways in which the American economy was allowed to come right right up to the edge the prospect the 2000 that crash was consciously managed in order to avoid the 19 thirties so we kind of know it's not the 19 thirties because we know that we didn't let it get that close to the cliff but then in the 19 thirties they didn't end up with trump and part of the reason we got trump is because we didn't let it get close to the cliff and as I said in the piece RNLB I actually think the people voted for trump partly because they feel reasonably confident the American democracy can survive trump I think people want trumped bring the whole house style I think they want the house to insulate them against trump and that's partly a function of fat we kind of look we have learned the lessons we and democracies all these I have this historical memory of how to step back from the edge of the cliff and then what you get and I think Tocqueville would say this is absolutely boy he would've expected is this buildup of frustration it's common sense that democracy by never quite getting to the point of truth storing up these problems and you get I think about trump a symptom of since the along with the complacency the anger hasn't got anywhere to go and it may be that actually what you get is something not worse in the 19 thirties but radically different trump is no respect is not Hitler definitely no at Lebanese not result either he's not anything from I think the I'm looking at a map I'm it's them Eugenia well okay you insurgent is gonna when he's going to be president I think maybe high well while I have heard people say that trump selection is to American political science with the crash of 20 alright was too economic science which I think is I am stating a bit the stuff I have seen political scientists it sort of in the days who wonder if they know anything anymore as a tendency of academics to the thing and everything will because of this our inherent F. arrogance academics when it turns out they genuinely all wrong about something to baffle and through the no nothing ... where is that the tree in the trunk selection is no outside the bounds of predictive models and it's not as if he won after he lost the popular vote it's not like some something happened that just doesn't fit but trump himself doesn't fit and people have into to work out what that means but yeah I think it is also true that as democracy involves thing I've noticed that the change I make and how academics think about polls is ... that wasn't that has been a tendency ... for awhile to think that the fundamental challenges that we face like Climent old technology will education or employment these up policy challenges on the the important thing is to workout what policies might work and then think about ways of sort of communicating them and engaging with politicians and I think there is no sense and I almost panic but while we do that pull 6 just goes completely the other way and it might doesn't matter in a way what policy solutions you come out with if while you're coming up with this policy solutions Donald Trump come frozen the United States ... I'm so I think within that has changed is a sense that its integrated and the bit supposed 6 academics want kind of often want bracket the wild unpredictable okay a sick populist bits you come back at them and if you want to think about the other stuff you have to think about that too and then the other thing I think must inevitably changes the academics need to start thinking about that part of the problem as well as part of the solution because both been revealed by bricks and trump is that a university education is now one of the big social and political divides and the people on one side of that divide do not understand the people who will sort of that divide and vice versa and it's no good for people with the university education to come up with solutions in a world in which for Paul maybe more than half the population those solutions not solutions I just manifestations of a vested interest I would think academics have been thinking about a tool and I still think a lot of the month and you know that but I think they should why is few Sydney university in think you can come up with political solutions in a world in which sitting in the university is for many people symptomatic of the problem there is a sense I think a lot of people have in the 2016 put into perspective things that seem like a big deal of the time sort of some of the who hung around at Miliband for the games looks a bit well what what was that all about relative to what was what's really at stake now but I do think I've written in the lobby and elsewhere the yeah you'll have to remember that a big political events this is not set in stone and small things small changes go back and tweak the post you don't get these outcomes so I felt for a long time I've known for a long time a full public from Woodbridge politics is the first post the post system I think it doesn't fit ... and it produces these waves strains on these kind of well most sort of accidental results one of which is brexit and I don't think you get to brexit ... under which some proportional system because I think parks is exactly the kind of thing that a posse of government that doesn't have anyone to rain and dollars on the counter gamble politicians take on the first post post poser and to me I'd I'd think you were gonna get this we did not for experiment in 2017 well I had this this populist why even anger roiling around the world it's produced bricks and it's produced trumpet might produce the pan and then maybe it'll hit Germany but so far it's only hit even first past the post systems was a result of referendums cypress tree binary politics I still too obvious to me that it has the same outlet bundle of the systems of government and that therefore it is possible that things that look a bit trivial relative to the size of what's happened on trivial because that part of the cause of it I think there's a danger that we're losing sight of the ID field as a sort of Brooks it trump kind of ... did pose exists on the go big again it really matters in the things that we used to worry about that much obliged to things we used to worry about my have prevented it this from happening so do you feel that I do feel that on had the Tories 1 just a few fewer seats in 2015 we probably would've left your opinion or as I think I read one piece in the lobby the US house how it happens in such a Condit referendum but had the AV referendum passed in 2011 which most people think was a tightly total non event had we change the voting system I thought would be where we are that's not the case that big political events mean the woman before them was trivial actual or before the much much more than we realize that the time I've written at a previous indelibly review of this book about 1979 home which is another crisis period in Mister Weston democracy in the thing that most struck me about that book which tells the story of the people ... on that account we're gonna shape the world in the next 30 years Margaret Thatcher done shopping put John pool vital Khomeini I am so nice since 9 these people just coming to you Holla in 1976 they were Noah you couldn't you couldn't get all this from a book micronized 76 with the future of the world will be shaped by the bishop of Krakow the failed a Tory education minister home this exiled Iranian Ayatollah you seem to be a mundane shopping who was also in exile somewhere in the Chinese into the idea that these people were now those until democratic stories but certainly in the case of Margaret Thatcher I'm we we don't know whether it is unlikely to be the positions were currently occupying our imagination but you just never know I mean that's the thing but while without drummers going on trump comes from Iowa so again a few months ago we know what the odds are about 152 on his telephone winding up its president ... while all our energy is of these Amazing Stories these underlying problems just Tekong I'm one of them will get us and that's just certain right it is certain because nothing lasts forever tamoxifen not lost the system of government is not the end of history it will not last forever something will get it could be trumpeting is more likely and for this time of it Democrats the White House but over this 4 years will have squandered an awful amount of energy and attention not thinking about the things that money gets //
"2016-12-20 10:25:03"
Frederick Seidel reads his poem 'In Late December', published in the London Review of Books
\\in late December for Mitzi angel the man using the pay phone on Wall Street his back to is using it as a urinal and urinating only logical how degradation is complete the young woman a crazy smile pickled in brine cross legged on the sidewalk and a tee shirt that says tomorrow holds a sign telling her sad story she's reading a paperback of Lolita stealthily behind the sun she could be you stranger things it turned out to be true he could be me don't rule out the possibility this shirt sleeves Christmas weather is lovely seriously weird el Nino is how Jesus was both changed the climate everyone will have a home everyone is safe and warm the homeless sleep on a bed of roses and sip ice wine German Eystein they spend their time deciding where they want to dine they spend the rest of their time thinking about the sublime and exhuming corpses so they don't have to beg for a living from the living they bring back billions of bodies and pile them in the apartment building lobbies and repopulate the financial world with the dead like a dog bringing back a stick stick is what was underground back in sunlight cadavers and Cremeans hump on walkers down Wall Street and a homeless hand reaches out to them for back Sheesh she could be you stranger things have turned out to be true he could be me I don't discount the possibility Jews Christians Muslims others it's Christmas morn I'm Noah Amaechi Christ is born flowers are fooled into thinking that spring the little city birds sing //
"2016-11-30 18:02:44"
The Horrors of Heathrow: A Short History
\\Heathrow is the worst cited major airports in the world probably no other country would be crazy enough to place its principal at port touched a spot which when the prevailing wind is blowing requires all landing across fly over one of the world's most heavily populated city the airport was conceived and and nurtured by some it would never have been built had not one or 2 ministers on several civil servants tricked the war cabinet into believing that it was needed for the aria Churchill believe that was its purpose it's still thought it was a mis use of resources to started in 1944 but he eventually consent had the air ministry told the troops they would not have been able to proceed I could not attend how soldiers out of their homes by compulsory purchase ... wrecked prime agricultural land they would have to be a public inquiry which would expose their project as the fully applause since then the behavior of hamas'has not greatly improved in 1963 when they were a mere 100 57 0 aircraft movements here the committee on the problem of noise reported the situation at Heathrow is unprecedented the noise in the residential areas close to the airport is the worst known in this country and the people who suffered have no right to legal action to secure its abatement needless to say the politicians and civil servants paid no attention in 1979 the inspector at the Heathrow force terminal inquiry glide stated in my view the present levels of noise around Heathrow are unacceptable in a civilized country yes he still permitted the construction of a fourth time in its 1979 white paper the government gave an assurance that there would not be a fifth terminal nor any other major expansion of Heathrow terminal 5 was completed in 2008 the third runway was approved in 2016 //
"2016-10-26 11:00:01"
Marina Warner on the meanings of 'brogue'
\\good evening my mother's shoes which she kept lovingly in a cupboard and she was very proud of them for her they were a symbol of her transition from her childhood which was southern Italian urban and people into a kind of world of what my father called the landed gentry I was sort of the ms Brooks it turns out that some people think that Oxfords but I think that's the chief difference is not so much in the shape o'connor took the shoe or look at the shoe as in the use of the shoe and these were hot upto shoes the Oxford well the winged tip or whatever other draw the wonderful the cover is used our indoor shoes that dress shoes these are not dress shoes the broken love this fashionable and quite expensive action soon examples are amazing I saw a beautiful blue pad the other day that looked extreme expense they're much more ornamental and they have become indoor shoes well strangely the very first meeting of the group would broken 5075 because the dictionary is a cheap defrauded trick technically esca orchestras I'm which means when somebody dies and they have written a widow the property reverts to the crime the connection of that meaning with brokers shoe and broke goes tongue is very difficult to see that burns in a poem refers to trick the devil as as a broke them this is going to be very poor attempt at Scott's but it's necessary for the rhyme then noon he Ole slick drawing dog accomplices to embarrassing dole to you came to paradise you he came to paradise scene called then played on mine the car said bro there are several references in which brokers are clearly Fishman's wages they were wrapped around your legs when you went into cold taught streams ... does Johnson makes it clear that while that sort of heavy weather footwear that not waterproof the kind of oculus shoes stitched with songs so loosely though they defend the foot from stones they do not exclude Worsham so they seem to have quite a competition Stree and the main definition is that it's rough out store footwear one for protection for doing things option does so that I think means that even while the is general Clark present day broke ... I might look a little bit more like what a court oaks that's no from the point of view of their function there's a Berg's in my mother's life they were very ill assorted couple they met anybody her hometown in southern history during the war when my father was a a staff officer and arrived with the first shot me and she volunteered to interpret the she didn't know in English a tool and because it was what I was trying to shortage of work and the way they could help is that the Germans have taken down or the street signs and or destroyed or co ordinates so the locals helped the Americans allies and by into informing them as to where they were she was discovered have usually when she left us today because she was 5 foot 10 Hoff and that is a very strange very freakish insult Mister since on that issue is known as the drop off and she arrived action Egypt after the war with my father went I was home am and functions of rating page yeah I think everyone felt it feet and my father was round Tubby ... cheerful bespectacled ... and not in the least bit of raving beauty so this is the album what one of the albums from from Cairo and you can see that it's actually it and your shrugs his actual Kamel leva and sister he has a camel and set parents then down my mother that is you can see the style the glamorous style as my father before the war action part of it before the war in a dress uniform Sam and then what else is there there is no was cricket ground that is probably after much in which my grandfather was involved and I don't know who these 2 young people off of one of them might be my aunt but you see the she's wearing these kinds of auto shoes andam this is my father aged you know whatever it is that 12 a spurs and I think you can see they're actually this is the fate that awaited him I mean this is so glamorous he was it was so thrilled that he was in the bill was tricky ground but life is never going to be as good as that again for him did we did doesn't seem to think there is a connection between broke as footwear and broke as a way of speaking kind of intonation I'm a duck shoot I felt that there was a connection it runs through this idea of of the ground all the land of the place that you come from that both indicators of where you come from rough footwear feel feet worn by people in Arlington Scotland which is the first uses of the word I'm all like rough speech on your tongue so the same people who wore these shoes the English was called best net native English was called Brooke and that seems to stick particular to audition Scott's but I wondered and what time much about in the piece if I could think about this in a different way which is I'm very concerned how we connect also is to our home especially when the home was lost semi transplanted mother how did she remain how does she continue to keep that knowledge of where she'd come from and I think she kept it to her tongue because she kept on speed she she kind of revived shirts Holland by beginning to teach it to teenagers in London as a crime was and it seems to me that in the age of refugees and dissertation people she M. this idea of the brew could be in it as it was the social show in which you you you curl up in a cut up inside the memory of your native tongue ... which assists in the music of the way that you speak come out since the bombing as a as a vampire as a glamorous Hollywood Vampira caches but I it was a very strange the lungs it didn't really work program that it they manage to make it welcome Taurus did and of other abrasive way the network well a lot of my when my mother married my father and she'd spoken very little English and he spoke very with a ton and I think as I gradually learned each other's languages they discover they didn't know each other very well the tool and that they didn't really have very many interests in common or perhaps even more precisely feelings in common a kind of disposition to the world and calm //
"2016-09-29 14:15:07"
Nicholas Penny on the letters of Hermann von Pückler-Muskau
\\well I've got here a list of a dead man by prince Hammond one book club Moscow then the really the lessons that book leveraged to his divorced wife I'm which were he then publish as lessons of a dead man talk loud heritage Boston states and what we now call Germany also inherited great debts he married very well but his wife did not inherit class she and he had expected so they've made them bizarre arrangement told him divorcing how trump coming to England try and find a rich English brides is pretty weird our origin for a book and yet it is the most competitive and certainly the most compelling account of what ... it was like a half of a Florida to visit this country in the 18 twenties say describes the luxury of English clubs and hotels Statham rooms always adored his fresh carpets and rugs even scales I'm not lacking should include daily ascertain your own weight favorite hobby of the English you never see the numerous Stoff without shoes enough I have preschoolers because presuming that when Germany you did see the servants of the club ... I without shoes it portrays unfailingly his posts were to do with great coats and umbrellas umbrellas you then have the special passage about how unbelievably important about assigning unknown how that comes a being ... stolen as a kind of detail that you find on on every page you have various mannerisms the custom of Hoff reclining instead of 50 well occasionally stretching out full length on the carpet at the feet of the ladies of crossing one leg over the other thing you hold one foot in your hand putting your hands and all holes of you'll VEF only postures have already migrated into the best and most exclusive circles he's got lots of anecdotes about actresses and very careful descriptions of the way they come the notorious Madame Vestris a beautiful legs are specially famous and are standing topic without school reviews in the newspapers she also put some on display while dressed in regular Taha then if such elegant proportions soon weekly muscular think of them as ravishing form all of fugitive that a more or less every night when he's in London in the National Theatre of England with a gracious dramatic Talisa developed what immortal artists such as Garrick this is siblings a Mister Neal once in charge this with the majesty and where heroes like keen Campbell and young still performing I you he says you still have I'm all this out squalid a prostitution going on and he says fudge indignities offer additional proof that Napoleon was right to call the nation nation of present shop because it often TV especially if he's very very obsessed by phonology next I visited the west India docks and warehouses facility so immense but even the most cold blooded person must be overcome with or any of the grandeur of pa what an amount of capital is piled up here in buildings with ships it took me full hall far to walk around the man made basically she 30 feet and surrounded by warehouses shed some of them 5 or 6 stories high gosh his Henriot sometime he he how plus I he had the affair with her Billy directly he took her arm believer actually don't he you know he describes the backgrounds and and this extraordinary dole called Billy which it killed 100 Rapson and on a few minutes he's always in soon how things are done of course they didn't just Marvel at it and he speculates that some of the rats actually pretend to be dead half the best player of her surviving this dreadful experience is there in fact I believe we killed quite a grace's bridge with them ... and it's not very impressed the toll ... purely a mishmash all told Jason that Soraya curiosities books and models housed in a deplorable building some courses but full the the great building Brinsley that we now have at the entrance above the staircase enormous Jiroft fan like stuff centric or better emblems of English taste and he'll Cajun interrupt lessons fade and now I have to eat my a my special I'm ... boiled egg or whatever makes it even more arm exciting //
"2016-09-10 09:00:01"
'Not a Darwinian heresy': Steven Rose on epigenetic experiments
\\for the whole history of biology that being real problems of understanding the relationship between genetics development and evolution how does evolutionary change APCA now how ... everyone knows that natural selection according to Darwin is a slow process whereby organisms ... as a result of random mutation in their genes a fixture of the organisms will survive and propagate their own but there was also a long lasting heresy which predates Darwin cool Lamarckism off of the French biologists who first developed the idea I'm back is that experiences during the lifetime of an organism can also be inherited transferred to the next generation hardline Darwinists have rejected overwhelming this the ultimate heresy of genetics and evolution yvolution according to Darwinian natural selection and it's moving form only operates on the jeans and operates as a result of random mutation so nothing that happens in the actual lifetime of an organism could actually change ... its outcome and the inheritance of the next generation back in the 19 thirties a polymath biolage just cold Conrad how wanting to produce an experiment which actually seemed to suggest that the arm transmit heritable transmission 4 of oven quiet characteristic could indeed be transmit to the next generation the pretty extreme experiment he took Drosophila which of the I'm what course organisms for geneticists during the 19 thirties and breathe right way up to a nice fruit flies I am anti subjected the embryo of a fruit fly too I'm DEFA and the developed her sofa ... had a particular malformation instead of a single full racks in a single pair of wings it grew a double full racks and had it for ... full wings instead of 2 generation after generation Washington submitted his flies to the ether and the by thorax form pit after about 20 generations but by thorax form would appear without using Heathrow tool so in some way the variants during the development of the organism had actually been transmitted heritability to its ... its offspring it was ignored or dismissed by Waddingtons ... contemporaries he was an extreme the bar tricks paramount Eddie how much actually get wiped out during subsequent generations and it was an aberration but more and more evidence began to accumulate that this indeed could be the case ... and very simple experiments book sample of feeding a pregnant or lactating rabbit on diet with a very strong set ... juniper berries the ones used in the experiment the preference for a juniper scented diet is strong switch it from the pregnant rabbits to its offspring perhaps nothing surprising about that but what is surprising is it without the juniper present to for the offspring they have offspring that is the grandchildren of the first generation the great grandchildren for this generation also a professor juniper diet so a preference acquired during the lifetime of one organism has been transmitted generationally down to others theses epigenetic inheritance so the whole concept of how yvolution occur us has been opened up in a much wider way course it's natural selection I'm no one this is not a Darwinian heresy fat doll with no problem welcomed ... these experiments but it is a heresy Savalas hardline molecular reductionist said molecular genetics I saw and it's become known as he extended yvolution and my betting as unknown geneticist is unknown up even though she Baathist because a neuroscientist is this is going to be one of most exciting developments in biology over the course of the next decades //
"2016-07-29 15:29:10"
Simplicity in Stevie Smith's poems and drawings, with Matthew Bevis
\\when Stevie Smith was asked for a brief biography she made it really breaks born in hollow moved south at the age of 4 they've deficits in London there's a lot that's going on in and around the margins of a statement like that even though it looks frightful which I think the same could be said of the pilings I'm narrowing impersonations of strike for witness then and I say that she wrote entitled simply living she makes a fine distinction she talks about the pleasures of simplicity enjoyment looks and simplicity looks is the word I think you do not seek enjoyment it swims up to you to Smith simplicity is something that you arrive that it's not something that you settle for the simple is the absence it's not the opposite of the complex and one time I think can really the strike in this well magna ask Barrett with my looks I'm bound to look simple fast I would rather look simple so I wear a tool hats on the back of my head that is rather a temple and I woke rather clearly and because of my long hat and people say don't bother about so in my time I have picked up a good many FAQ well the more than the people today who Wes mark Hanna and I do not to see because I out rather simple to I don't know I collect facts I do not always know what they amount to starting with just the phrase rather simple not would isn't trying to deceive exactly bots given that the would rather has appeared to 4 times within the first 6 lines of a sprawling each with a slightly different inflection I think Rafah compy rats not merely as the confirmation of the simple but but the complication of aids when I read that I think I read with with a fairly straightforward stress on the words do and down as if the lines were saying and I do have to admit I am simple but they can also be heard like they face and I do not to see because I am rather simple to in other words she simple just as other people law but that I do deceive both themselves and out those by thinking that mass smart hats make them smart the thing with Stevie Smith in ways that the longer you look the lines the strange of the gatt just type the first 3 words of this pop with my looks certainly looks refers to the way she seen her appearance but it also has a sort of subterranean sense that it's it's her acts of looking at what she's hinting at I think this is Gary uncanny feel to Smith's poems often that you and the sudden star drawings to that you feel you're being invited to be a spectator or to watch something as though it were you looking and object to an exhibit but it transpires that the hallway movie MH is possibly watching you you thought you were a spectator but you actually turn out to be something closer to it an accomplice Sora participant in what's what's unfolding here I think that Stevie Smith school rings don't simply illustrate upon him say play around with them meaning say sometimes suggest ways of thinking or saying that the poems themselves don't quite sigh one example of this I think would be parrots the old sick green parrot high in the dingy cage sick with malevolent right age but the image hadn't at least to my eyes presents a route that sharing looking parrots Smith I think like I would live before hiring pops blight before him is interested in watching how images might pulling gangs taxed or suggest different ways of reading avoids another example would be the 2 line power and I'll have you hot which goes all have you hot if not by gift my knife shel college out all have your heart you life the image that I think it presents a quite cozy interior from the flowers on the on the on the bedspread to the flowers on the tracks maybe one of the things that she's thinking about is how domestic interiors and cozy visions of domesticated place on it lack cracked up to be able maybe cover stories about the things that going on //
"2016-07-25 16:31:05"
The Making of the London Review of Books
\\I'm I yeah the the yeah //
"2016-07-19 11:12:42"
What is a weekend? The Dowager Countess asks a good question in Downton Abbey, with Rosemary Hill
\\one of the most popular lines in Downton abbey is when Mikey Smith as the dowager countess also pushes a weekend actually it was not an unreasonable or take the disingenuous question in the role the police chronology of down somewhere in the 19 twenties and the dowager countess is supposed to be pushing about 80 submissions were about 1840 nobody born in 1940 would've heard the word weekend in the middle in 1879 somebody rate Nate's inquiries from Staffordshire Austin who's done next in the that's estimates inquiries is explained in incredible detail this is what it means when you go to see visit somebody on a Friday and then you stay there on Saturday and then you stay there till Sunday and then you leave also and it obviously this is a very exotic phenomenon by the 19 twenties it was associated with Alan Flack pose with jazz with cocktails that kind of role the false set between the wars and across in that sense if the Dodger countess knows what weekend is it something that she does not wish to if you are a person of independent means as absolutely everybody she would countenance the thing you go away you know I presume if you like the people who have to go away for the weekend of the but who at working I've got a job in Britain aside all start tomorrow job I'm is a story about it would prince of Wales all skin his father George the face if you could have the use of fort Belvedere grounds wins a colossal and his father being rolled a surprise and saying we will you will not fail place for those damn weekends I suppose and probably possibly became regretted it because it was those kind of weekend house parties wera Wallis Simpson met the prince of Wales and if that eventually made it to the application //
"2016-07-04 10:00:01"
Seydou Keïta: The Theatre of Aspiration, with Jeremy Harding
\\so do Keita was on African photographer portrait photographer who had a studio in Mali and the capital Bamako during the ... 19 forties and fifties he wasn't shy about saying what he felt it happened in his portrait photos which was really that he actually managed to invent the recorder angle hadn't showed a shot this is a claim he made even though it isn't strictly true that there's some meaning to it because there is an immense difference between the kind of work that studio photographers like Kato would doing and the colonial photograph of native postman's what you really feel about cages portraiture is it your fully in the presence of a consenting Sitia and Keita run the studio I was a kind of theater he had jewelry he had wrist watches quite good once he had 2 piece suits for the man he had sets of lavish costumes and jewelry for for the women he had by schools had a Vespa scooter you had his own pleasure 21 and between the 6 around the portrait mica there is a very lively collaboration in a kind of theater of aspiration about Welsh people could become what they will become as colonialism comes to an end //
"2016-06-28 11:25:35"
Andrew O'Hagan: why Craig Wright's Satoshi Nakamoto proof failed
\\some people will believe some people white and to tell you the truth I don't really care it was interesting watching Craig right be interviewed by the BBC because the level of reluctance on his part was very obvious to me I was actually in the room filled up behind the camera and this was part of a proof package as the public relations people representing the company the money man behind this venture describe it but this was this session that would prove to the journalists he was sitar she but his discomfort was the most obvious thing in the I was the main part of it other people help me and the words that he was using the staccato in nature off his expression what money I don't want flame I don't want federation I just want to be left alone it seemed evidence to me that he was almost breaking down slightly under the questioning it was unwelcome questioning in this wasn't hardball questioning auto ... Rudy Kevin joins was asking if you ask me friendly questions softball questions any journalists would ask is trying to explain the story he was taking them and as hard nosed questions they went to the very core of his doubts about this whole situation of being revealed I didn't decide I had people decide this matter for me and then making life difficult not from me but like friends my family stuff I have stuff here in London I have stopped by the sea and they want to be private died I want all of this to affect them I think Craig I always dread it's the moment when people would ask him directly on camera I use a torsion Akimoto yeah he took the idea of being on camera from the beginning and I'm so slightly surprised he agreed to go on it was part of the pressure of the situation that I think are persuaded him he should go on but when he was asked directly are you Satoshi Nakamoto you can say that he stumbled they're psychologically hit above are trip and then thereafter as we see in the video now he's actually struggling in the aftermath of a direct question and I feel that from then on the whole process of the proof session was some overwhelming to him I felt it psychologically he just wasn't equipped to answer that question in part of it was because he didn't believe that he singly could call himself Satoshi that's my reading I was the main part of it other people help me the company behind the effort to commercialize his ideas felt that this would be game over these proved packages would prove once and for all to the world the trick was to toshi and it fell apart most spectacularly which is why I try to capture in the piece in fairness to the man from encrypt the business operation behind ... they attempt to commercialize Craig writes ideas isa toshi did well preferably within their rights to both commercialize on to publicize his real identity as part of a commercialized ation project I think it went wrong dole a homeless is a cafeteria imagining that traditional journalists in traditional PR would be the right way to go with a cryptographer proof in cryptography doesn't need to promote it doesn't need publicizing it doesn't need my attention and not traditional way the news maybe because you simply prove it mathematically and then the world late sought after mathematical proof that's correct and it fell to me that Craig having showing me privately and I'm showing 2 of the leading thick client expressing the world privately that he had access to this distortion corruption keys that it would be no problem for him then to do that same proof publicly and prove to the world that he was a torsion but it was something anachronistic to my mind of having a public relations firm my niche not proof and I think he knew that all along one of the aspects of the story that made it terrifically interesting to me and kept me there 7 months was I thought it was almost a modern morality to as much about it reporting alright as ever but calling our the blockchain about identity of Satoshi Nakamoto a generation has come a bird that's got used to the idea of faking that identity or out some her at shapeshifting at on the web half of the trade right was if you like almost our representative mine for that generation they key I almost took it for granted that the preaching on and off of my asks a trip to graphically and in life if you like was part of what the internet has brought into focus for us that's one of the things that is commonplace in that world and then not space and I felt that not presents and almost new challenges to reporting because as a reporter you rely on evidence physical evidence psychological evidence note taking profiling ... backup reports memory interpretation I does rely on the notion that there is such a thing as stable character and identity the person who done it as it were is an actual person with a name in a book with a picture and family I doubt I'm all in the record viability all of those things I put into question by a story like this touching Akimoto story where's all mosques and a ghosts it's people appealing no under their own name then disappearing enter a place is he didn't even know existed into the dark web into otherness and for me that was the center of the story is that for a report so it presented a whole new set of challenges about her too right from the center of a world of if not unreality than I have not entirely dependable reality I mean proof ain't what it used to be an enemy a area perhaps of journalism that takes an interest in the and the internet the the internet doesn't offer herself up to a traditional standards of verifiability and that's one of the exite exciting aspects for somebody who wants to write long form journalism said not world offended a nephew of the invention of Ronald pen for they'll all be offended and I to appear Julia sons for they'll all be I'm even a bit the yeah hadn't history of the BBC that has always been ways and which people aren't allowed to record it bracketed with express them and conceal them but the difference with any pen assigns another at Satoshi is that that's become standard practice it's a standard grey area about world in the future we may be able to read it when we have mechanisms and indeed laws customs for reading it redoing yeah of been this transitional period and it's been a sort of bonanza of interest from my point of view trying to go into the idea and reads marginal personality there what is it like arm to try to write the truth a whole world of supreme fictional with a that's the irony for me these are a true stories I've been trying to write for the London review but from a world of fiction I wanted a fiction that because it's so real so you know I hate to use the expression postmodernism because I don't really know what that means but certainly from my point of view a something I'm actually strange and off kilter about the fight to these people thrive in accordance with the values that we normally associate with fiction self invention and I see that as a fiction writer too that's why interest me the parameters between fiction and nonfiction in these stories are very thin indeed so was a big question whether you as a writer how vendedor our shipping any of the I'm always curious about our question because I really don't know the on so I would have been different if I hadn't spent 7 months with them had listened to him the way I did hadn't a friend Adam and with our hearts are never really know the answer to that myself I mean it is participated in journalism up to a point around Holly a shrinking violet hiding behind my no progeny if using to let my name go forward I've always written and first person pieces when the Viennese pieces of long form journalism so I will be for other people to say whether I'll my over presence if you like have an effect on the outcome open from my point of view and how to be as present as well in order to have the intimacy necessary to tell the story properly M. in a sense always resented the PR because I think writing is the enemy of public relations and somewhere the you're undercutting are running ahead does or a swimming beneath stable message all the time in a way I feel that I've come to the end of this process that the identity of Satoshi and some senses doesn't Martha mean Halle berry cardinals like to say we're also Torcy lessons we are because the world of that technology is moving apace it's not down to one line or one group of men and women it will be the technology itself that item becomes the story in the future you know arm because one astronaut loses his now the space program isn't shelf the rest of existence you know that technology has literally a mind of its own and I think blockchain technology has already on the way to becoming a primary are any of enterprise and discovery in our lives and sitar she would be a footnote to all of us I think will always be interested at Indian vento's and in the process I'm by which was invented in introduced into the world and I think we'll end up with a situation where a great number of people get some credit and for bringing this into the world including perhaps create great but the more important question will be a however this goes on because it certainly will go on but even I think in these immediate circumstances pertaining to this story and that the people who are at interesting marketing ideas of creative I will continue to market the ideas of street crime and I would imagine we'll have some success and of influencing how these ideas proliferate and as pigeons into the world of our you know our commercial application we're going to see these ideas gruel and be applied in the future and I think that that some that's the exciting thing about the source of stories you don't end because I 12 who stopped in my piece in the RP yeah well worn and cruel in their own way just as the life of wikileaks and of elation ship between governments and individuals and have I done technology has continued to grow and change arm as a reporter you never have you never really the one who is the lost world we have the latest want for a few weeks but I suits me just fine was another story if you go on with //
"2016-06-22 15:11:29"
James Meek: The decline of fishing in Britain
\\the decline of fishing in the UK predated the Cold War between Britain and Iceland and Britain's E. C. membership the sharpest full in the number of full time fishermen in England after the second World War was between 1948 and 1960 since 1960 the loss of full time jobs has been steady but slow on average 100 35 a year the myth is that hot button followed Iceland's example the client its own 200 mile fishing zone stayed out of Europe and kept foreigners out of its waters the harbors of Grimsby and Fleetwood would be as packed with strollers as in the good old days the truth is but the Cold War was not about some little Icelander vision of economic independence but about Iceland trying desperately to impose control over unrestricted trolling including by its own boats Canada also imposed a 200 mile exclusive fishing zone in 1976 the Canadians reckons that banishing the foreigners meant Canadian fishermen could help themselves to as much cold as they wanted the result was overfishing on a heroic scale meanwhile Iceland accepting from the start that cold stocks in its waters what perilously depleted experimented with increasingly sophisticated forms of quota over time fish catches and fish stocks moved closer equitable him we consonant with which version Britain would have gone full if it had stayed out of the E. see what we do know is that lots of people would have lost their jobs either way in Newfoundland and nearby regions 45000 jobs were lost almost overnight in the 19 eighties fishing in Iceland employed 16000 people now it's 8000 Britain meanwhile was absorbed into the E. sees 200 mile limit Europe's common fisheries policy began as a ham fisted mashup of the Canadian and the Icelandic approaches but is now 40 years and thousands of redundancies and ship scrapings later beginning to get catches and stocks in line //
"2016-05-25 11:51:14"
Naomi Klein: 'Let Them Drown: the violence of othering in a warming world'
\\ //
"2016-05-13 10:41:08"
Seymour Hersh on The Killing of Osama bin Laden, with Christian Lorentzen
\\my name's Christian lawns and editor at large for the L. IBM here with veteran investigative journalist Seymour Hersh talking about his new book with verse of the killing of Osama bin laden so sigh you work in a form you call counter narrative how do you define that let's first make it clear you're my editor for all the yes is that were published in the London review that I collected in this so you have a stake in being very nice to me moja Hans true but no it's simply that and ... I said they think I should say counter truth because a narrative can be a fictional narrative it's a weak a word but there is there is a truth in is also another truth there's a truth that the president did go in and authorize the American seals the kid Osama bin laden they did kill them that is the truth everything else after that how they played it how they manipulated how they use that how they manage to try to sell it is this is a turning point the war on terror doesn't pass the smell test from the day one so I knew that and so ... ... yeah it's it's a it's all about critical thinking on and which were sometimes were supposed to learn in school wishes you know theoretically I I'm like a what do we see Chicago where data in the fifties where we had ... we had of course is called natural size is 127 social sciences 127 humanities went to 3 and 4 you read only the original works and so you didn't have to look at a professes for unit have to parent when a professor you handy assigning his own book to the students and so that you have to parrot what he says you could actually go do a riff on what you wanted so I think that helped me begin to think that ... the way to get a feel in a Washington is actually read before you write and I mean that in a mega scale really read the papers read some of the position papers I'm somebody who read when the ... international atomic energy agency ... after them they should down of up after we've destroyed Baghdad in 1991 in the first Gulf War if you remember we had a UN inspection team process and the the the UN inspection teams go on strike you not you N. letter and was headed by sweet name ... the chaos and every for every 3 months they put out a report and I used to at the minimum scheme we did pretty carefully and sometimes it was certainly section 3 so I had years of reading about it so when they suddenly announced WMD is there I knew that we had pound the hell out of everything in 91 and there was nothing in any of the reports they issued for 10 years that indicated he rebuilt that he that he just a cut that we were watching everything he did so the whole story it makes sense to me and so you know you could argue ... that for the for the Wolfowitz's the bright ones the bright neo cons or Stasi and 0 the noble lie Strauss is a great believer in the noble lie that the leadership is entitled to tell the masses a noble lie you could argue that they probably knew all along so what it made no difference to them because the main goal was to get that WMD but in the short run it's a hell of a story not telling the truth about something so that's that's a hard so in in the case of the of bin laden killing the story that you I think began to look critically at to begin with was the story of how they came to find him and Abbottabad I learned right away very early what 2 things happen up the first the night of the raid like everybody else I was happy ... maybe unlike most people I did not think this is the end of the war on terror because the idea of a war against an idea or stuck his nutty and ... that at that point we were 10 years into it and there was no question bin laden I will you know one reason we keep on talking about bin laden is there was legislation passed in the fall of 2002 this is the issue of Sanders always raises about Hillary she signed it which said it actually said that gave the president authority whenever there's el Qaida to be found without consulting Congress anybody else he can act so that's why al Qaeda's there would you have a copy you have serious SUNY jihadists Huni salafists but allegiance to bin laden are you kidding here's another picture and this is sort of ad hoc ... I for 15 years I don't think he did it I think that the real story is going to be will never get it may be but it's going to be in Homburg I think Mohammed Atta I think had a degree in mechanical engineering and he was the only one of the 19 guys including bin laden who it any enough brains to organize stuff and so on from the beginning anyway the point is after within a day a this now I did want to say for a long time I got a call ... ... from a journalist in Washington the next day I think was a maybe a day 0.5 later he called up you call that Joe Biden the ... vice president and is this an Irish Catholic voice in a network which exist ... and ... they've just buddies a drink either of them to keep it away but ... any because of that they came in Biden called back and said in essence ... I've notes but I don't commit I don't remember them for verbatim but its message was yeah thanks a lot pal he has great re election all that stuff you I think you're right woods it's wonderful but let me tell you something anybody thinks this guy this president is some community organizer from Chicago you know what Obama did between before going to law school after graduating from university Chicago ... is just some of you know of a pussy or some you know let me tell you something he stuck at the gates gate did want to go even when a plague he drove it up his ass in that kind of talk ice tongs he just stuck it to him I go so this guy because he nieces well I don't know Hirsch it's not I can't do this maybe you can't is it log com was firm a paper and he was right you know I so while so dear to later I got a email from somebody in Pakistan who was enough ISI family and would would what I also knew is that and what ... ... but but maybe most people to know about me because they don't read I done a long story for The New Yorker magazine for which I wrote into began writing for you guys the London review in 2000 1011 I were long story but the Pakistani bomb and how we were terrified about it we didn't we we'd make nice at the 2 generals who run the country we make really nice to them if they want a chopper we give my chopper and that's basically the governing principle of and US Pakistani relations overly Tolley it's the core they have now a second reactor they have long they had one called Kahuta that was enriched uranium now they have and the plutonium reactor going we estimate not to do it and they said no stick with the sun don't shine everybody you know that's that's their issue they don't care what we think about that this a national security it's a matter of great pride for them the Islamic bomb you could call it that and that one will just be a lot of worries about it and so I had done that story and I got deep into some of the stuff we were doing and ... ... I spend a lot time a Pakistani deep into how they didn't trust us and I and I I had some stuff there that was very brutal about the real truth is you know we're we're terrified that a couple of what we think we know where the bombs are and they want us to think that but we also know the chances of as somebody once said to me ... as a a couple bombs being out of the count lying in the tall grass along the runway very high so I wrote this story and of course the government as it always does the night everything no no no no intent to daisy for David them ... ... Remnick the editor of a magazine called me to say that somebody very important high up it calmed him with great great concern we told them at the same thing we did at the New York New York at the London review you know we fact checked and we send emails to the government saying what we're gonna say within some reasonable form a pretty close to what is not the words but the idea they respond to that by saying if we ran the story is that as we were said we would they were gonna have to shut the embassy in close consulate and move people out because they thought they would be writing because many people in Pakistan ... the religious people the fundamentalists ... are quite religious support bin laden can't stand America ... ... preview prepared that March against us think the bomb is important ... but also respect the army as sort of the father the country which is what we that's what that's how we play it play through the army have the cold anyway above the tree it so to bring this back to well but let me just I just finish it the but the point being that ... I did know people clearly on the inside and with this isn't take into account when people raise questions about it and then I ask people I know in America and amazingly enough within 2 days I was at a meeting I get the same story the same always verbatim the same account it's so close and so many issues what I was heard from all of the I. aside so I have a story and from there you go to lay out the principles of those stories a lot of it has to do with the question of would the US violate Pakistani sovereignty without alerting the Pakistani authorities right and also the source of US knowledge of bin laden's location to just go through story as you've written as it is in the book well ... they're great ally yeah them up on it am I I would you know we just had an example I'm always aggressively to set example with the present is announce he's gonna send 250 special forces troops and into Syria yeah right well no problem there we can violate that do you know of the only countries that are invited there by the government serious controlled by a government that had fibers our side we don't like that but that's a reality and rushes there because he was they were asked to be ... Hezbollah is there the Iranians are there because their ass to be we're not asked to be but we go in there we going to ... Israel without being asked or Canada no or Pakistan no those all Nono's we would not do anything they grow it there's this tension because we operate that there's something called the Hindu Kush that the border between India Pakistan it and ... Afghanistan is a mountain range the Hindu Kush and there's a tenuous it's wooden no man's land and there we have a we could operate maybe 6 or a kilometers across them into that pit their country without request but after that we have to ask and they're very sensitive about believe me I know that from from going there they they don't like the fact we sometimes cheat a couple miles and that the whole notion that we would do that so counter to anybody who understands the game about the bomb that we would undercut the Pakistani leadership like that and leave him in it as we left it the way we left it was they had 2 options they could say oh my yes of we did track the plays in our radar system which by the way ... again if reporters to just do the work Pakistan helped us in the war against the Russians in in Afghanistan the I say came in when the Russians took over in in Pakistan I'm in I'm gonna Afghanistan in the in the eighties yes in the 8 or the Indians coming on Indian set up an embassy in a council so I say comes in on our side again the seventies and eighties for the Russians in the in the it's in the eighties the Packers the ISI this very powerful intelligence service comes in and what they do of course is they go to some of the Indian consulates destroy him and hang this wire service or is about to take some of the diplomats to trees horrible stuff lot of concern about that India's Matt what is India have in 1982 that Pakistan doesn't have it has the bomb that Pakistan's worried about it they'd they'd they may have had a reactor but they didn't weaponize public utility early nineties and making a weapon is really hard the diversity having a kapok capability and actually fabricating weapon as we I mean I believe me and its its years of work if the building huge complex you're dealing with very hot stuff that can kill anybody gets you know if if of there's a leak and so if you go back and look at radar systems we built them a radar systems been overnight had $1000000 on it I learned after doing the article that the phrase for the radar system is 3 D. audible it's so good you can't erase any image so anyway the idea that we we could fly choppers in E. stealth chapters are stone exists in and not be seen by their radars comical but that's a story they told so we left the in the in the Pakistani high command with an option of saying oh my god well we did see him we screwed up or the other option is to say well we knew he was there and we helped the Americans Killam which would lead them their kids can go to school the next day they would be right there house would be surrounded by people saying you killers of the of of our Christ you know it it was a big leader a bin laden to many of the people would been incredibly chaotic for them to do it so they took and but I can tell you right now I know it's still a source of great aggravation among them we've tried hard to make it they don't trust us because of that and that's what gates was fighting about that night he won't say so publicly and I'm just saying this so humorous thickly his in his book he writes of long paragraph about his rage of what happened that night and what he says it's because they made the seals public all come on seals do these rates at the bureau they hope they go they gonna kill missions all the time he was mad just lost a CEO who is working with the up past merger and ... in Kurdish controlled Syria right yeah well yes we I was reported today or yesterday right yes look ... the digression but the number of troops we have inside Iraq we see those claims 3000 is more over 20000 we just can't do it what we control everyday if you add that if you had the carrier the troops out of you in the 25000 you know because they're flying missions ought to care it's just we just it's just you know I could spend my life trying to fight lies but then what I'm not only fighting lies of the government I'm fighting the newspapers that carry the lies that wants to carry the lies it's very hard for a major newspaper the back off and say we will miss that we were misled or you know we would we when informed it's just like ... the investigation of the year of the bombing of the bombing of in Afghanistan of the doctors of porters hospital the army just came on they they gave the boys reprimands well I was story in for the New Yorker in 1970 about the reprimand issue a group of guys coming back from a bad mission worm angry Vietnam yeah Vietnam their case in Apache pilots say they had a big fight they lost some people they were mad they're coming back I can understand that and they were flying over ... in fact over it ... all debt free of free what would they consider to be a free fire zone and they saw a complex of hutches with 2 of fences around they thought we got a hot VC area they peeled off 5 or 6 of us for 5 of the jumpers and they blew the hell out of it it was a special secure quarter facilities for the wives and children of Tupac VS south the bees generals so we had investigators a somewhat star and so my god how do we get around well we're not gonna call it murder as they did in this case we're going to call it a violation of rules the first thing they did this is a violation of rules that that would happen with the doctors up for just the whole way they treated nothing more than that no man's ria it's just my god they didn't follow the rules and so ... there'll be a letter reprimand well in the story I wrote in 1970 ... the letter reprimand included this code ... if there's no further adverse reporting on your actions while under in this tour this that it will be moved from defile when you leave the country I actually wrote the ... Eugene Phi delta lawyer for for them does been involved in Loring I'm for the house for the a Dr supporters in some way I want an email its own S. for that reprimand you get unredacted copy I can't imagine they change the game you know there is young doing everything to minimize it and so this is again a harem thinking differently everybody else about it but I'm not thinking differently in the only got it's an outrage I'm thinking more very specifically that it was for me the issue of their doctors without borders is premise that this is a violation of rules because when you treat crimes that way you minimize them and that to me is the outrage so I have my outrage but it's more complicated than I think the newspaper out rage or even the doctors without borders you know it's it's not that they it's the process this is it a missile is that up to Las exactly along happenings that's what the issue is you can fight all you want about what should happen that day was horrible horrible and you know they went back and back and fired I mean it's it's a all I I don't know enough about all I know is that it it there was a certain amount of mens rea involved there just it's just thing at a certain point they were just killing and I whether they will it doesn't matter if they were wrong about the target the intent was to kill at the I'm not a lawyer I can even argue that but that's the way I look at it so in this case I learned right away that the whole story of our careers and anybody seen 0 dark 30 knows the reason they push hard for the 2 Koreas story on the inside which gates subjected to this I do know Vitaly was a lot of people in the CIA were very worried about what they've done in torture and if you will remember the movie in the in the movie they tortured somebody to get the name the courier to get the name of the curry the lead in the bin laden it's all a lie but the whole structure for that had a significant reason it was the publicly tell the American people it's really okay toward aboard sometime look what we got what happened is there was a walking and the people I work hard the agency works is so interesting this something in the agency that you can call one that newspaper sometimes in a story called I wash it's when you do something and you have to protect the source you let other people in the agency I think that that they were responsible for certain actions so you've got people down in the bowels intelligence people that could in the intelligence our office and analysts and Luke office of the of the CIA writing looking at careers trying to figure out and they've been doing it for years without much luck but you don't tell them you did a guy's and then what they can be taken out to reporters to be very credible because they are credible they think they did it the cover story extends to the yeah to the government agency itself of course I asked a friend of mine there was a piece in a washing boast about 6 months ago but this I wash thing and the agency acknowledge to the Senate intelligence committee there are times in the light of the staff and it's called I wash and it's one of my friends who knows a great deal about this is served at a very high level there for many years and constantly is inside the community I said do you know what I washy so yes he said is another word for it we use actually in the agency I said what's that he said lying of course you lie to people and it's again a noble lie you're lying because the little the little people in the intelligence division are looking at you're trying to figure out names the Arabic names and try to find out what her career whose occur is that a career they ... that's they have a victory you given the victory then they're credible and that in the in the piece that ... ... ... that we worked on for so long together you and I the bin laden story there was a section about it the Senate intelligence committee put out a 6000 page report on terror 5500 pages with the redacted all on torturing me a torch a big present torture see you are my editor and so on and in the report ... along section on Korea's was left because it I think they didn't realize I don't know why I didn't connect it and the report that they the accent said you know we can make heads a sense of the careers you could track the names and anyway the notion that bin laden was operating I mean there was no internet there they told us in the very beginning and so what do you do with a story like this because I will tell you that the notion that that the Pakistanis did know is getting pretty dominant pretty I just didn't London talking about this book for a week and there was no I was in a big debate with another debate a conversation with a very high ranking in the number 2 editor of the London guardian and and this is you know well colony and in many journalists in that in in in in London in the UK have gone many more times than Americans the India Pakistan has a lot more familiarity with it Europe is Europe and the closer yeah I asked him in the middle of we're doing a colloquy at at a before a crowd of people and I said his name was Paul Johnson very decent guy I suppose just for the hell of it what did you guys think you got a lot of foreign correspondents the guardians good liberal you know wonderful newspaper he said well we talked about it quite a bit and concluded that across the Pakistanis have it now I mean the next question like I could have asked was why did you then proceed with receiver do a story but that's a big jump that's a commitment of people and resources that they may not have because and this is a diminishing time of money how come how has ... the business and the relationship between the press corps and the US federal government the Pentagon the military change over the course of your career ... its moon known much more much more intimate it's much more involved I think 1 of the things they did if you remember ... in 1991 when no bush won the first as an attack ... ... attack packet of ... Baghdad yeah at the embedded journalists and I've talked to and they better with army units and here's the thing ... ... our our kids like all kids are are nice and funny our soldiers they're nice kids and I've talked to journalists who embed it let's say with the marine unit and on the third day of the war they were driving somewhere and they were coming from they were driving from Kuwait the bat Baghdad there wasn't much contact but they were where there was a sniper here and there there was a very much there was really no war there ... obviously ... that the ... that the ba'ath party believers in the stalwarts there all we treated to fight another day to fight the war of attrition that did that did begin and ... ... ... or I know guys who told me that they saw the I are guys who get jittery they'd heard about him ... somebody got hurt with the sniper and may be driving along that there be a car on the highway next to him and and ... added intersection and they would did thanks to be at the intersection they try and wave the car that's rolling along parallel to them to stop dating one to get parallel with them and they scream in English stop stop and very well who these guys and they open up and he said was the second or third day they open up and killed in a bunch of babies and kids and everybody was upset even file on it in filing because he was indicted these embedded they're nice kids yeah they're all gonna get charge of murder or whatever it is a dereliction of duty or failing to observe the rules and regulations whatever it is and get a letter in a file but you know that's and so that was that this the willingness of the press you know particularly the anchors all the acres went you know and they all will they all covered it you know being an acre is like being a movie star you have to be you know you have to was the scud stud back then o'halloran but heck of god became a kind of celebrity moving right and right absolutely a careerist celebrity right well Beth Gladys Brian Williams it yeah in the in these in the 2003 war the anchorman from the C. just lied about what he did right and that's hot that's take him down a notch he'd got sent in from the night NBC nightly news MSNBC ... to turn it around in another way ... you've said that is when it comes to US foreign policy in the Middle East and and also ... in Eastern Europe the Obama administration in much of the for lack of a better term establishment is ares parts of them are still caught up in a Cold War mentality some of your reporting on Syria has has asserted this ... why do you think that is and how pervasive is it and is there any hope that will perhaps age out of it I would thought we would need that did the smart guys I know in the inside you know again for me the distinction is there are people on the inside when they take the oath of office as everybody does ... really believe it that they're taking the oath of loyalty to the constitution and not to the president would you have us all the time and time again it quickly Morse into our our duty is to the president so ... our ... the first move people now believe after 911 the first option to been the Moscow because ... they had 2 wars of the chest adds whoever moaned and many of them but they still proliferate it for example al Baghdadi who runs isis C. surrounded his operational core include SUNY's some who have been in the bath party from Iraq but they include a lot of people fought and Jessa the second war Russia had was 10 years member brutal was of both sides horrible but they all thought this is a guy that Bobby had a lot to tell us he is sharing intelligence with us on ISIS is there if we do any targeting of all this largely because of the people he has inside open I'm okay saying that ... but ... and so the military guys see it a little differently ... they're less worried about the Cold War you know aspect but politically it's suicide in America ... ... ... you mention a word you could attack any day you attack Putin why you get 2 points in popularity same with that Bashar Assad yeah I'm always amazed Bashar Assad is ... ease in a war of life and death ... if he loses the war to ISIS L. Nusa he and his wife is pretty wife is too pretty children will be swinging in a yard like Mussolini with their throats cut you knows that that's the end game for him and so a he does what people do when they're in a desperate war ... I'm always amazed that he's criticized so much we're using barrel bombs which I which your ship oil and 6 a 3 gallon because I know a country that was in a war that was in life and death in terms of immediate peril to the leadership in America ... that you'd bail bonds for 7 years full of napalm accountability acid was called in a state of American organ South Vietnam for 7 years he do barebones why they're cheaper and not only that it's always wondered and they have much less safe 63 kilograms are you know 20 some of explosive and as opposed to a 500 pound bomb full 500 or 5 and if it's a bigger bomb the bomb to be much more bang ari's wondered it would've been better when I hear about another barrel bomb attack if you use 500 pounders which were killed many more people I just I just I just see that as so you know I just I just am amused not amused stir and then we are also a country that dropped the second bomb ... Nagasaki you know what a couple 0 people just to demonstrate that we had one we could do it no military purpose at all everybody knew I I make the same garb which is written about this for years the American scholar about you know Cold War being a factor in that you know and and ... I it's certainly a very relevant argument a lot of people don't accept that either but I always wonder why ... ... we are so quick ... in a woman don't like somebody ... we're really really very rough and ... I just as I said you know the president I states can get brownie points of putting 250 special ops guys across the border into Syria without permission and you know what it's about ... here my heuristic Donald the battle full full Mira turned out to be over though nobody again reading and that writing there's a lot of stuff written in the international press about this battle it was door to door Palmyra isis just stood there and 4 dead no choice they were gonna go nowhere Syrians did a great job and I guess you could say because they what they killed a lot of people they also suffered a lot of losses the Russians had put in a special US there's their equipment rug joints to special operations command yeah and their foot hills or mountains above the mirror with a gun to while fighting with a with a isis and a lot of the Russian ... commandos got killed it was a bloodbath on all sides and up very decisive victory and so there Russian commandos were sort of a new element turning a battle so the president puts into it in 50 is sort of has to say you know I can you know not mine is as big as yours I got on women and ended the media thought the smart people I know had he's not going to put him in because the only way can we supply them is by air and Russia controls the arrow Russia has these huge raiders they've installed wonderful raiders as for hundreds I think that are very they can just reach all over and so Russia theoretically an American airplane coming to resupply somebody in it because we're not welcome there in the the serious are happy about us being there could shoot it down and so my friends of a lot of my friends said to me they must be backchannel deal with Russia there isn't it Obama's just knows he's going to send his plays in the Russians will not shoot it down it's sort of gamesmanship but it's game we ship that you wanted to what end you know I but Obama's he spent 28 minutes at the White House correspondents dinner last night Kelly sometimes lame jokes his farewell and they showed a video he'd done that was also laying I think it myself while he really Texas relationship with the press he's never visit Mister white house correspondents dinner he's never deigned not to go he really values it this is him saying I am with you guys despite the fact in April are you in jail and put pressure on he's he's is laying down a marker obese since he's saying you're the king I'm coming here and playing for you well he has in one sense very cozy were relationship with a lot of many sectors of the press certainly the opinion pages ... he's constantly having Luis Suarez interests columnists over having over to dinner at the White House David Brooks and such ... you know in that there was a lot on the other hand you as one of the one of the worst records for prosecuting journalist you would know what Mungo the hurt you know that the all in and you know the government did we genuine Jennifer acting they did you know I I'm with them I I am I crazy I would I would do anything up to go to one of the centers the only time everyone is I won a prize for Richard Nixon who give me a prize and there was like it was like free how did that go not very well it's not very well because he was like it was if you shake hands I don't remember I'm sure I would have no you would not do that and that would be you know that that you know you can do it I could do it I could do it in writing I don't have to do it in a in a punk way but ... ... no I would never disrespect to president public and me as a president ... but I sure disrespect them in terms of policy and other things that I think Obama here's the tragedy for me my guess is he's probably going to be them you know my I have a son who's very smart to that very smart much more they beat us the families are you saying you don't understand is gonna be the brightest president we've had we're gonna have in 50 years he is very bright is edgy much wages and people think is somebody you don't go to a bad news example is is is a great piece of of jurisdiction was on I was obamacare and everybody the staff knew the computers won't work and nobody told he's an interesting guy he's very as I say ... I know I'd I'd you know go have dinner with the guys AT day the weekend I'm sure he's he's very smart he's very well read buddies fall into a trap of using force you know which is he he hasn't used as much force as he could have no he didn't he went in to live a very bombed Libya but didn't going to Syria in ... no he said other Syria best why the 250 makes no sense except the systems this is so potent we could do it and you're not going to shoot that we know your doctor should what is putting want put into saving the Iranians what they wanna be respected you know that but what's that about Adam and Hillary Clinton keeps on talking about of in terms of the of the Iranian nuclear deal that happen because Chris she put sanctions on it the only way that deal went down was the day after 10 years of bush Cheney and Obama we finally said about a year ago to the Iranians you can keep on enriching for breakfast that we finally said well what would the position had been from George Bush done we want to talk about is stopping enrichment and stop or not I got going and the way we're going to do it is first you have to stop enrichment that we'll talk about it you can't you know that's it's never was a bargain once we said let's find a way if you do and rich they were there in which you right now for commercial use 3.7 percent way short of 95 the need for a bomb under chi I AEA cameras so my own take on it the Iranians got a wave to deliver century they gave of something they didn't have ... for an end for an end to sanctions and that what we do this on a $50000000000 on the table and then we start screwing around the sanctions we say well they're not gonna get it yet we've got a 3000000000 so far and so they may end up walking away from the deal which is going to be horrible because we can't stop playing politics with this stuff and carries was the one who was bragging about the only a $3000000000 out of it I don't understand our policy we can really do so much more if we you know we were such a great country really are I pay I thought my parents immigrants eastern European uneducated ... I DO I got only way learned anything as fun as 12 with 13 I ran across the book of the month club 99 cents a give me one non fiction book at a month and I still get a dollar for I I made I delivered papers I pay a dollar a dollar 98 cents a month and I get these tomes sometimes they were anti communist crap but a lot of times their histories of the Habsburg histories of sometimes even the Russian Revolution I'd read a lot of stuff 3040506070 yeah and so ... I was not I got a fellowship to college ... ... uses cigar guided pay tuition I think I paid a minimal fee but some were double $100 a quarter something like that I was not editor of the Harvard review ... Harvard what's it called the art Harvard law won't know the hybrid and de to groups and the day the crimson translating Yale Daily News or I graduate I think I was even a tried and work on my college is your mark on the because now you know I never thought you went to law school and went all out how did you end up as a reporter then I forgot to law school and well yes the discussion ... I would seem like that's where you're heading ... no I was going to say this that 11 years after graduating from college apps I write me lie yeah I'm writing about a massacre I'm sticking 2 fingers in the I. Republican president who ran on a platform that he had a secret plan to end the war which turned out to be to win it we don't know that sticking to our eyes in his side and I know that in the what 100 countries nations of the world I'd be in real trouble doing it instead I'm fame fortune glory I got more money they ever seen us some like in that up about 67 $0 in cash which I the money I was married with 2 little kids who we make Regina to estimate sorry for the AP for 118 my wife is a social worker you 2 little kids we rented a house all of a sudden I get prizes like a bunch of pride that just Pulitzer I got 45 other big prizes invited to give speeches pull it the Pulitzer Prize 3 wishes $1000 and and so what you're gonna think I'm gonna complain about this country and it's a spectacular in Turkey things be and Turkey are you kidding now I would have got but you don't happen to me in law school I flunked out and I hung around and I I was just doing what 22 or 230 kids I was trying to figure out which part of my body move where I was so lost in space ... there you know drinking and playing around and ... I had a I'm telling the story ida wonderful girlfriend at a party in sick at deliciously goggle eyed I drank too much and some guy we call the bird dogging I talked about this earlier today bird dog he was a phrase picking hitting a guy's girlfriend when the sort of you know he was gone I've seen it happen yeah well I did did you call bird dogging we called it back then that people don't know that word now anyway nothing but was okay and a couple more about a month later we ran into this guy is a was Peter laci and that working for time magazine and Peter we always friendly talking about a laughing about it ... I would you know I I I think I was laughing a little bit and like it but they have a way he works working at a newspaper agency called city news bureau you've been set up by the Chicago the Chicago newspapers and the and the radio stations in the wire services said there's so much crime in this god damn city let's pool our money set up an agency it was them famous made famous by of played by Ben had called from page we cover the crime we cover all we do is cover crime in the courts and it's ... and fires that was the group and so I and Lacey said they hire graduate they have or to people graduates in the Medill school of journalism at northwestern they come and they get half the jobs and the other half are just people walk off the street in only requirement for going in there is you can walk straight you had to be a so I went I applied months later I was some randomly ... I pick up a phone somewhere there's this guy editor Robert calling me months later saying Hirsch I see yeah I wasn't I moved out of the apartment but I was there visiting a friend slept there overnight think we play cards and drank it with kids who are and so the morning when I woke up the phones ring at pick it up and he says right where he says come down that a year of your name is up so I go then I get I get a job 35 Bucks a week I later watch but as they went to look for a replacement they would soften the pile and if he even Nancy put your name at the bottom of the pile as I got the journalism I always wanted via my you kidding me but you know there was a fit I liked it flashforward 50 years ... we have an election going on what do you think of the prospects for any of these candidates I guess we're down so it seems to Clinton and trump ... and how they'll compare to this administration the Obama administration well I guess that the real answer you know what hunt hello I know none of you know does it matter what I think I have my own secret wish for the world when you took the midget MSNBC and CNN and all these TV shows which they put people on journalists come and and ... journalists and politicians come in and they have these panels I see who wishes we get rid of this word these freight this phrase I think on the governor would I think nobody could say anything because it was so it doesn't really matter what I think the one thing I know I worked in the McCarthy campaign because I I came back from Vietnam I came I covered the Vietnam War it was mostly in the Pentagon but it was over there and I came back convinced ... after 2 years I am troubled the AP because I was edgy about the war and so they wanted a reassignment to another beat and I so I left and ... I knew the war was mass murder I just knew I didn't I talked to officers in guys who did it you know I'm of covering their although it's all about the war and guys are honest about it they could stand what they were doing what they were doing it you had to get body counts to get promoted head of more than if if there's 10 lieutenant colonels we're looking for one kernel's job the guy has the most kills is gonna has a better shot so they were killing Willy nilly and so I could do anything about it you think the newspaper business we good enough so a neighbor Mary McGrory as a columnist told me that Eugene McCarthy was going to run and I joined a muse a Benedictine very interesting ... it went to mass every day and I was allowed to say really believe the church state is very bright he was he was of a lover poetry I get terms has a one of books poetry George so far as to greet pope was one of his famous he could Polhemus anything and we have people like Robert Lowell the campaign working in my office hadn't delivering stuff for me by me coffee buffalo unluckily for 3 months cal the death rate by the way this before is the breakdowns but it really is that he had some before this yeah but he would sit in the stands with me and the kids of the campaign and the last thing he wanted was these bright beautiful girls coming up from a cliff wanted our poetry is one of talk about things he was very nice and with the I. E. he'd gone to jail as a conscientious that's right just that you got to be careful out anyway the point of all this is that McCarthy one day when you receive discounts that you can get 5000 people there from the rally about anything it's the most active campus and he was asked a question about the war very early and he said something that just I knew them we're gonna be okay I really did he said well here's the problem with this war Vietnam it's immoral and we don't ever talk about morality we walk out of Iraq after 11 years of the store in the country we think that fact that we got out is fine we don't we don't have an obligation those people there we wonder why and depressed does he make a connection Joe Biden visits one day and Muqtada sadr has his people go no run into the greens on the next day they don't make a connection between Joe Biden maybe being there that day you know you can move but believe it without Assad a leader of a of a you know that Shia group he come over the water go he can move people in social media you could do it in in 3:00 hours you get going I mean I would make that connection with that was made at all you know America pretty much hated ... around the world right now and we don't see it we just don't get it don't know if that's the best known turned on but well I can rephrase it had hit him to help America's really love by everybody I think it's true that we have really dislike much more than we want to believe and that's sad because we're we're much better country them than the people think we are we are we just do much too much violence //
"2016-05-03 08:00:22"
Giorgione and the problem of attribution, with Charles Hope
\\the portrait of a man dating for 1560158 is the star of the current exhibition it's flanked by 2 portraits by dura of about the same date both fainted in Venice in 21 and the comparison shows how effective Georgia Neese innovations woah in giving the Figga a living presence and in representing the subtle effects of falling light in the same room is a group of portraits of mostly dreamy young men which in the past or even today have been thought to be by Giorgione some of them are all the beautiful but none looks a tool like a son Diego picture which is more atmospheric more subtle and more lifelike but altogether less sentimental as a group these pictures illustrate very well an attitude to the Italian Renee souls prevalent in the nineteenth century but they don't look like the work of one artist and there's no particular reason they should all have been painted in Georgia in his lifetime none of the other 6 pictures in the exhibition accepted as by Giorgione looks like a secure works and the only significant reason for attributing that to him is that no one can agree on alternative candidate almost all the experts are convinced on the basis of never evidence a toll that apart from tuition and Sebastian owner who soon left for Rome there were no other painters of real talent working in this general idiom in north it's early in the year is around 1510 so it's not surprising that Joe journey and the young Titian a now each colony credited with unrealistic a vast numbers of paintings in a remarkable variety of styles in the case of tuition this is well illustrated by a couple of large pictures on the 2 and wolves of the third room 1 of them yucca per pay 0 presented isn't pizza is said to be about 158 to 1511 the alpha Christ in the woman taken in adultery is supposedly of about 1511 yet in style and technique they look utterly different the attribution of the second of them is justified by comparison with some frescoes in Padua that Titian certainly painted in 1511 with which it does have something in common but many artists could have seen those frescoes in the previous Strom there's a painting from the U. feet C. said to be by Joe journey the trial of Moses which was first attributed to him in 1795 when nothing was known of his style and which resembles none of his secure pictures the figures are very similar and in one case virtually identical to those in another set of frescoes in Padua dating from off to Georgia in his death however one would have thought that by the logic used for the tuition attribution few feet see picture or to be by the painter of the frescoes it resembles but this possibility is seldom even discussed although the term conocer ship normally carries associations with discernment and a certain regatta any static judgment when applied to the study of Georgia knee these qualities have been and remain conspicuously lacking up to mystic guesswork would better describe the process one of the exhibits at the royal academy a picture called David between soul and Jonathan illustrates this very well it was first attributed to Giorgione by the most influential Italian art historian of the last century Roberto Longhi in 1992 a lecture about the picture written by longer to the owner in 1940 full was published in an exhibition catalogue this was unexpected because it had long been accepted it went off historians provided certificates Verona's a very common practice especially in the first half of the last century these were simply written for money other art historians didn't take them seriously and by convention didn't refer to them in print and for that reason longest letter is no vacuous and Peyton P. insincere and energy provides no real argument in favor of his stated opinion that the picture was by Giorgione the exhibition in fact gives a good overview of now widely held ideas about Joe Joni that he was a vastly influential and prolific artist but had no coherent style of his own that the picture is identified as he's are not representative of his output and that the attribution is prevailing before those discoveries need to be taken seriously a case in point is an extremely damaged Niven sata by the federal reserve painted also Dossi this is first attributed to George journey in the late seventeenth century rejected in 1971 but then unexpectedly accepted by Morelli they also had a very distinctive style and the attribution is not universally accepted but whether the picture had anything to do with Joe journey as is often maintained is far from clear but this is more interesting example in the exhibition this time involving a picture in the third room a virgin and child with an angel this is a signed and dated work by Dominican men cini and the inscription on the picture is the only known evidence of his existence but the picture itself is impressive in the general arrangement the virgin and child were taken from a well known old piece by Giovanni Bellini but 2 sections of the virgins drapery the sleeve of her right Tom and the lower section of her robe are identical fold 4 fold with the corresponding passages in a small picture the virgin with syntaxin instant rock from the Prada which hangs decided within attribution to tuition I'm not aware of any other case in the history of western painting in which an artist is supposed to borrowed for no obvious reason to such insignificant details from the work of another painter it seems more logical to suppose that Mangini repeated himself and that both pictures up by him but to concede that would be to admit that the painters of Venice and its turret trees whose reputations of survived were not the only ones of ability active that in the early sixteenth century art historians to be much happier to accept the idea that if the product pictures not by Giorgione as Morelli believed it must be by Titian as if these 2 painters where to certain point almost interchangeable assaulted Picasso Braque situation but that may be just wishful thinking in the same way as the idea that almost all the changes in Venetian painting in the decade around 1510 was somehow juju Giorgione it would be wiser to admit that in our current state of ignorance it's impossible to say how much influence he had on his contempt risen successes and what that influence might have involved //
"2016-04-21 15:58:47"
John Lanchester on bitcoin and the nature of money
\\when I think about what pick winners in the deep what money is in general and consume ... is an island in the Pacific Ocean cool yet where it yet they don't have metal move and they match with one yet so to create money what they do is they say you and I boats and 250 miles across the Pacific to a neighboring island cool cool down but I have a particular kind of line stuff that they don't have one yet and the quarry the lines then in shape into these distinctive circular shapes of the hole in the middle some of them machines in one sitting am I some of the massive they got like 12 feet across and then they sailed the the style of the call Faye if ya back T. yet and when they used as currency and the thing about them is and that impossible to steal because a very very big but by the same token I Nicole fight them because this none of that line Santonja and they kind of a record of the labor that went into the making of because it can this no shortcut you Hoss Bakley pretend to Korea shape either court it we have but they possible to move possess a big and until happens with some of the things that they rest outside someone's house and if someone wants to vice and with it to spend the money what they do is that they agree that the ownership of the sterling is transferred even though the stone itself is among the questions are fun yeah buying your house I use my faith by it so not that fate belongs to you even though actually has a live on the way back from Palau the 250 mousy up they've been called by still Corey I sense and if I had to choose between the Stein or therein lies civic chucked overboard I'm but then when they get back tia exit record this 12 foot face then the whole middle but we have to check it out of the pool and is generally accept only had a fine that's still your face that and they've been able to spend the money imported in that state even though the actual stones 5 miles down the button Pacific but still everyone who greets him owns it and thought actually is what Martin money is it's it's a register of who owns things but the crucial thing about the nature money and that's why I picked cooling is set at that will to the modem with money because that queen is that registered some it's a contemptuous of 20 first century and universal version without say stand and sitting outside someone's house where cool all you need to know about it is he runs it about ownership complete indefinitely transferred the way that Congress is based on cryptography on codes the first stage is the public key private key thing of that coin is sent to an address which is just a string of letters and numbers and then that transaction is sent to the bakery network which is a series of books cool nights on the use of computers a linkup that effectively right back when run and what they do is they take a chunk of these transactions they do it 10 minutes at a time and they run them through a thing called a hash now hush function is ... a S. very standard cryptographic with technique you can look them up on internet there let's open their different once I get different answers and that will takes a string of taxes of any length you can do it I'm with anything from the sky is blue to the entire text of the Bible and you run it through a hash function and you come out with the same line irrespective the length of complexity the string of letters and numbers that's completely sensitive to the initial input so if you change a coma who gets touchy different reply every every election on but it different so the computers on the network the cool then is minus which I think is actually is about math will really and because them it's more difficult process of clocking cool account verification something anyway what the mind is on the network to you say take this 10 minute block of transactions and they run it through a hash function until I said specific Haskell S. H. I. 256 they run it through a 6856 until like an onset that has a string of 0 at the beginning as a a specific number 0 stuff in this series of that just basically to make it difficult to get beyond the rights of the new every computer in the world economy declined jump to the hills so they have to go through this process of work and the computer if a social club it's just trot ultra ultra ultra in as we speak they were trillions of mathematical operations taking place every second attempting to Seoul Beckwith hashes right now that's going on right now all round the world Vic women's thing and then the first one to get correct string of zeroes announcer root causes it to the network and the network in fact vote so that it runs it through the protocol that on the old the computers running but quite and if enough of them think the transaction is valid they certificates valid they give you times them and then it's added to this chain with every transaction that has ever happened in bitcoin that's when the hottest instigator had ground but this process has within its history that Hutch from and because the whole history okay cool spending into quite it's a really I'm and soon they seem to want me expansive people they can only say no I I can understand because it sounds as if what you're saying is the whole history of the trunk epic going is present in every transaction and that's exactly what that is what's happening the whole history a bit corny is present in each 10 minute long St sealed off instant and the idea about that is that it makes it impossible to fake you come then she's ... did you ... I am find a way around the fact that every computer on the network has a copy of this register so you caught in it likes of add money to your own bank balance because every computer on the network has a copy of it you come Jewish school double span I spend money into places because every computer on the network has a copy of the same register and that's the decentralized metric when it's the register is everywhere and buses prime security feature and then what happens is that the computer that got the don't suffer book often got validated it's a really clever thing that computer is paid in bitcoin having done the work this out to the question of you wish incentive why would you do that why would you use tons of computer power will be eligible to solve some of JI mathematical puzzle and the other threads because you paid in that corner and the bit we have finally said and that's why so is in the mining method really comes from that you paid putting the were keeping the whole enterprise gang in this big government in Brooklyn community adamant about weta and bickering between his failed one of the and the developers on it and engagement like and is lucky to you know the experiment could be declared over now and it's because the parent esoteric hi over something called the block size which is to do with those 10 minute chunks okay chin of transactions have a limited signs in in kilobytes and how much data they can use