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"2018-05-18 15:06:53"
How I turn negative online comments into positive offline conversations | Dylan Marron
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"2018-05-18 15:03:58"
"RainMakers" | Qudus Onikeku and The QTribe
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"2018-05-17 22:14:08"
What I've learned about parenting as a stay-at-home dad | Glen Henry
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"2018-05-17 14:44:51"
How work kept me going during my cancer treatment | Sarah Donnelly
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"2018-05-16 15:02:31"
A woman's fury holds lifetimes of wisdom | Tracee Ellis Ross
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"2018-05-15 21:01:52"
Visions of Africa's future, from African filmmakers
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"2018-05-15 15:07:48"
War and what comes after | Clemantine Wamariya
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"2018-05-14 15:18:17"
SpaceX's plan to fly you across the globe in 30 minutes | Gwynne Shotwell
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"2018-05-11 15:17:40"
A Parkland teacher's homework for us all | Diane Wolk-Rogers
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"2018-05-10 19:52:08"
Why it's worth listening to people you disagree with | Zachary R. Wood
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"2018-05-10 15:10:33"
The "dead zone" of the Gulf of Mexico | Nancy Rabalais
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"2018-05-09 17:29:47"
Why you should make useless things | Simone Giertz
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"2018-05-09 15:12:46"
The harm reduction model of drug addiction treatment | Mark Tyndall
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"2018-05-08 15:05:45"
A printable, flexible, organic solar cell | Hannah Bürckstümmer
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"2018-05-07 13:11:35"
What's missing in the global debate over refugees | Yasin Kakande
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"2018-05-04 14:08:00"
What if we ended the injustice of bail? | Robin Steinberg
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"2018-05-03 18:20:44"
How we need to remake the internet | Jaron Lanier
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"2018-05-03 14:52:30"
How the arts help homeless youth heal and build | Malika Whitley
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"2018-05-02 14:45:59"
How language shapes the way we think | Lera Boroditsky
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"2018-05-01 00:36:44"
How a team of chefs fed Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria | José Andrés
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"2018-04-30 16:32:50"
The Standing Rock resistance and our fight for indigenous rights | Tara Houska
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"2018-04-27 15:10:41"
How I use the drum to tell my story | Kasiva Mutua
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"2018-04-26 20:38:29"
Should we create a solar shade to cool the earth? | Danny Hillis
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"2018-04-26 14:55:09"
To eliminate waste, we need to rediscover thrift | Andrew Dent
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"2018-04-25 15:06:43"
My $500 house in Detroit -- and the neighbors who helped me rebuild it | Drew Philp
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"2018-04-25 02:41:13"
Math can help uncover cancer's secrets | Irina Kareva
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"2018-04-24 20:04:58"
How we can teach computers to make sense of our emotions | Raphael Arar
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"2018-04-24 14:29:43"
Our fight for disability rights -- and why we're not done yet | Judith Heumann
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"2018-04-24 00:57:23"
Why I choose humanism over faith | Leo Igwe
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"2018-04-23 12:32:13"
The role of faith and belief in modern Africa | Ndidi Nwuneli
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"2018-04-20 13:31:11"
My descent into America’s neo-Nazi movement -- and how I got out | Christian Picciolini
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"2018-04-19 20:02:36"
Academic research is publicly funded -- why isn't it publicly available? | Erica Stone
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"2018-04-19 15:04:46"
How fungi recognize (and infect) plants | Mennat El Ghalid
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"2018-04-18 23:59:26"
How quantum physics can make encryption stronger | Vikram Sharma
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"2018-04-18 19:31:28"
What if we paid doctors to keep people healthy? | Matthias Müllenbeck
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"2018-04-18 14:59:03"
How to tame your wandering mind | Amishi Jha
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"2018-04-17 12:11:58"
The rhythm of Afrobeat | Sauti Sol
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"2018-04-17 02:48:21"
The human stories behind mass incarceration | Eve Abrams
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"2018-04-16 13:56:05"
Need a new idea? Start at the edge of what is known | Vittorio Loreto
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"2018-04-14 17:46:32"
For survivors of Ebola, the crisis isn't over | Soka Moses
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"2018-04-13 16:52:01"
A rite of passage for late life | Bob Stein
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"2018-04-13 01:30:33"
What if gentrification was about healing communities instead of displacing them? | Liz Ogbu
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"2018-04-12 16:42:29"
How I use art to bridge misunderstanding | Adong Judith
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"2018-04-11 16:08:42"
Can I have your brain? The quest for truth on concussions and CTE | Chris Nowinski
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"2018-04-11 02:34:15"
What we can do about the culture of hate | Sally Kohn
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"2018-04-10 18:06:07"
"my mama" / "BLACK BANANA" | Rei
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"2018-04-09 15:31:43"
Why must artists be poor? | Hadi Eldebek
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"2018-04-06 14:52:00"
The Great Migration and the power of a single decision | Isabel Wilkerson
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"2018-04-05 16:53:21"
3 myths about the future of work (and why they're not true) | Daniel Susskind
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"2018-04-04 15:04:37"
How to inspire every child to be a lifelong reader | Alvin Irby
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"2018-04-03 20:24:35"
What a world without prisons could look like | Deanna Van Buren
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"2018-04-03 15:19:51"
The radical beauty of Africa, in portraits | Iké Udé
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"2018-04-02 15:23:54"
The best way to help is often just to listen | Sophie Andrews
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"2018-03-30 12:35:46"
To solve the world's biggest problems, invest in women and girls | Musimbi Kanyoro
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"2018-03-29 20:26:13"
The wonderful world of life in a drop of water | Tom Zimmerman and Simone Bianco
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"2018-03-29 15:00:46"
How shocking events can spark positive change | Naomi Klein
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"2018-03-28 14:37:33"
How fashion helps us express who we are -- and what we stand for | Kaustav Dey
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"2018-03-27 21:05:00"
Do you really know why you do what you do? | Petter Johansson
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"2018-03-27 15:15:44"
What soccer can teach us about freedom | Marc Bamuthi Joseph
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"2018-03-26 15:05:20"
What I learned when I conquered the world's toughest triathlon | Minda Dentler
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"2018-03-23 16:47:01"
How to connect with depressed friends | Bill Bernat
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"2018-03-23 12:27:41"
How we became sisters | Felice Belle and Jennifer Murphy
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"2018-03-22 20:03:04"
To learn is to be free | Shameem Akhtar
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"2018-03-22 12:44:30"
How we look kilometers below the Antarctic ice sheet | Dustin Schroeder
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"2018-03-21 14:53:46"
The brain-changing benefits of exercise | Wendy Suzuki
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"2018-03-20 12:36:04"
Be humble -- and other lessons from the philosophy of water | Raymond Tang
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"2018-03-19 15:16:28"
The role of human emotions in science and research | Ilona Stengel
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"2018-03-16 15:19:00"
You don't have to be an expert to solve big problems | Tapiwa Chiwewe
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"2018-03-16 02:43:45"
Refugees want empowerment, not handouts | Robert Hakiza
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"2018-03-15 17:31:38"
The genius of the London Tube Map | Michael Bierut on "Small Thing Big Idea"
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"2018-03-15 15:09:58"
How to have a healthier, positive relationship with sex | Tiffany Kagure Mugo and Siphumeze Khundayi
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"2018-03-14 22:11:28"
A life-saving invention that prevents human stampedes | Nilay Kulkarni
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"2018-03-14 14:02:20"
How to resolve racially stressful situations | Howard C. Stevenson
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"2018-03-13 15:11:45"
Looking for a job? Highlight your ability, not your experience | Jason Shen
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"2018-03-12 13:55:52"
How we can build AI to help humans, not hurt us | Margaret Mitchell
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"2018-03-09 12:05:37"
3 creative ways to fix fashion's waste problem | Amit Kalra
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"2018-03-08 20:29:41"
The secret to great opportunities? The person you haven't met yet | Tanya Menon
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"2018-03-08 15:42:27"
Fashion that celebrates African strength and spirit | Walé Oyéjidé
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"2018-03-07 23:35:26"
Why I train grandmothers to treat depression | Dixon Chibanda
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"2018-03-07 15:37:17"
The virginity fraud | Nina Dølvik Brochmann and Ellen Støkken Dahl
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"2018-03-06 21:11:45"
Capitalism isn't an ideology -- it's an operating system | Bhu Srinivasan
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"2018-03-06 16:11:03"
The surprising ingredient that makes businesses work better | Marco Alverà
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"2018-03-05 15:33:19"
3 lessons of revolutionary love in a time of rage | Valarie Kaur
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"2018-03-05 15:27:08"
"My Fine Reward" | Tito Deler
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"2018-03-04 00:31:46"
How protest is redefining democracy around the world | Zachariah Mampilly
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"2018-03-02 22:58:18"
This company pays kids to do their math homework | Mohamad Jebara
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"2018-03-02 15:59:38"
How architecture can create dignity for all | John Cary
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"2018-03-01 16:20:15"
How we can help hungry kids, one text at a time | Su Kahumbu
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"2018-02-28 15:24:19"
This deep-sea mystery is changing our understanding of life | Karen Lloyd
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"2018-02-27 21:12:11"
A funny look at the unintended consequences of technology | Chuck Nice
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"2018-02-27 15:54:10"
How to fix a broken heart | Guy Winch
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"2018-02-26 22:55:36"
How I use Minecraft to help kids with autism | Stuart Duncan
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"2018-02-26 16:34:14"
From death row to law graduate | Peter Ouko
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"2018-02-24 14:20:45"
6 space technologies we can use to improve life on Earth | Danielle Wood
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"2018-02-23 16:08:43"
Black life at the intersection of birth and death | Mwende "FreeQuency" Katwiwa
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"2018-02-22 15:54:35"
My failed mission to find God -- and what I found instead | Anjali Kumar
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"2018-02-21 20:14:58"
Could fish social networks help us save coral reefs? | Mike Gil
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"2018-02-20 15:33:02"
The gift and power of emotional courage | Susan David
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"2018-02-20 02:33:22"
Why I study the most dangerous animal on earth -- mosquitoes | Fredros Okumu
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"2018-02-19 20:13:45"
The thrilling potential for off-grid solar energy | Amar Inamdar
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"2018-02-16 22:26:19"
What's it like to be a robot? | Leila Takayama
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"2018-02-16 16:11:11"
The surprising solution to ocean plastic | David Katz
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"2018-02-15 20:05:14"
The dangerous evolution of HIV | Edsel Salvaña
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"2018-02-15 16:22:53"
The business benefits of doing good | Wendy Woods
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"2018-02-14 15:36:27"
An economic case for protecting the planet | Naoko Ishii
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"2018-02-13 16:16:15"
What comes after tragedy? Forgiveness | Azim Khamisa and Ples Felix
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"2018-02-12 13:57:50"
Want to change the world? Start by being brave enough to care | Cleo Wade
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"2018-02-11 16:53:39"
The hidden role informal caregivers play in health care | Scott Williams
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"2018-02-09 16:42:15"
American bipartisan politics can be saved -- here's how | Bob Inglis
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"2018-02-08 19:58:51"
Talk about your death while you're still healthy | Michelle Knox
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"2018-02-08 15:51:00"
The search for "aha!" moments | Matt Goldman
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"2018-02-07 16:18:21"
How to put the power of law in people's hands | Vivek Maru
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"2018-02-07 16:08:44"
A one-man musical phenomenon | Jacob Collier
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"2018-02-06 21:52:09"
How we can stop Africa's scientific brain drain | Kevin Njabo
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"2018-02-06 15:54:25"
Want to be more creative? Go for a walk | Marily Oppezzo
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"2018-02-05 13:15:04"
How record collectors find lost music and preserve our cultural heritage | Alexis Charpentier
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"2018-02-04 15:04:31"
Medical tech designed to meet Africa's needs | Soyapi Mumba
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"2018-02-02 15:44:32"
How adaptive clothing empowers people with disabilities | Mindy Scheier
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"2018-02-01 21:00:57"
The power of citizen video to create undeniable truths | Yvette Alberdingk Thijm
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"2018-02-01 16:07:47"
A vehicle built in Africa, for Africa | Joel Jackson
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"2018-01-31 14:54:12"
The history of human emotions | Tiffany Watt Smith
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"2018-01-30 21:18:20"
Want to get great at something? Get a coach | Atul Gawande
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"2018-01-30 15:41:02"
How China is changing the future of shopping | Angela Wang
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"2018-01-29 16:15:33"
Inside Africa's thriving art scene | Touria El Glaoui
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"2018-01-26 16:11:47"
Mammoths resurrected and other thoughts from a futurist | Stewart Brand and Chris Anderson
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"2018-01-25 21:08:49"
What we don't teach kids about sex | Sue Jaye Johnson
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"2018-01-25 15:54:22"
Our treatment of HIV has advanced. Why hasn't the stigma changed? | Arik Hartmann
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"2018-01-24 20:54:34"
3 thoughtful ways to conserve water | Lana Mazahreh
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"2018-01-24 16:08:29"
Photos of Africa, taken from a flying lawn chair | George Steinmetz
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"2018-01-23 13:04:11"
You aren't at the mercy of your emotions -- your brain creates them | Lisa Feldman Barrett
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"2018-01-22 16:34:02"
How adoption worked for me | Christopher Ategeka
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"2018-01-19 21:29:36"
"Good" and "bad" are incomplete stories we tell ourselves | Heather Lanier
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"2018-01-19 15:49:46"
The next generation of African architects and designers | Christian Benimana
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"2018-01-18 21:35:45"
See how the rest of the world lives, organized by income | Anna Rosling Rönnlund
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"2018-01-18 16:22:32"
A new weapon in the fight against superbugs | David Brenner
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"2018-01-17 15:53:35"
Success stories from Kenya's first makerspace | Kamau Gachigi
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"2018-01-16 16:50:47"
Lessons from a solar storm chaser | Miho Janvier
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"2018-01-15 16:43:22"
A mother and son united by love and art | Deborah Willis and Hank Willis Thomas
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"2018-01-12 18:19:42"
Free yourself from your filter bubbles | Joan Blades and John Gable
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"2018-01-11 16:23:09"
Adventures of an interplanetary architect | Xavier De Kestelier
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"2018-01-10 16:23:59"
How augmented reality could change the future of surgery | Nadine Hachach-Haram
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"2018-01-09 16:14:15"
How urban agriculture is transforming Detroit | Devita Davison
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"2018-01-08 15:59:44"
What makes something go viral? | Dao Nguyen
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"2018-01-05 16:04:57"
The secret language of letter design (with English subtitles) | Martina Flor
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"2018-01-04 18:01:48"
The brain benefits of deep sleep -- and how to get more of it | Dan Gartenberg
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"2018-01-03 16:02:39"
Why I'm done trying to be "man enough" | Justin Baldoni
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"2018-01-02 21:40:20"
How fake handbags fund terrorism and organized crime | Alastair Gray
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"2018-01-02 12:46:15"
Get comfortable with being uncomfortable | Luvvie Ajayi
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"2018-01-01 15:42:13"
A Republican mayor's plan to replace partisanship with policy | G.T. Bynum
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"2017-12-21 15:52:46"
What AI is -- and isn't | Sebastian Thrun and Chris Anderson
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"2017-12-20 15:30:12"
Fashion has a pollution problem -- can biology fix it? | Natsai Audrey Chieza
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"2017-12-19 17:37:19"
The future of good food in China | Matilda Ho
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"2017-12-18 15:14:07"
How we're using drones to deliver blood and save lives | Keller Rinaudo
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"2017-12-15 16:09:50"
The science of cells that never get old | Elizabeth Blackburn
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"2017-12-14 15:52:31"
An interview with the Queen of Creole Cuisine | Leah Chase and Pat Mitchell
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"2017-12-13 16:06:12"
How can groups make good decisions? | Mariano Sigman and Dan Ariely
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"2017-12-12 21:15:55"
Activism needs introverts | Sarah Corbett
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"2017-12-12 15:24:50"
How Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google manipulate our emotions | Scott Galloway
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"2017-12-11 18:33:32"
The hidden opportunities of the informal economy | Niti Bhan
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"2017-12-08 20:36:12"
How to transform apocalypse fatigue into action on global warming | Per Espen Stoknes
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"2017-12-08 16:15:20"
Why do I make art? To build time capsules for my heritage | Kayla Briët
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"2017-12-07 23:38:54"
I don't want children -- stop telling me I'll change my mind | Christen Reighter
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"2017-12-07 17:12:38"
How my dad's dementia changed my idea of death (and life) | Beth Malone
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"2017-12-06 17:16:02"
How the military fights climate change | David Titley
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"2017-12-05 21:35:17"
The Housing First approach to homelessness | Lloyd Pendleton
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"2017-12-05 18:49:08"
How to talk (and listen) to transgender people | Jackson Bird
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"2017-12-04 15:34:28"
What I learned serving time for a crime I didn't commit | Teresa Njoroge
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"2017-12-01 17:30:20"
How judges can show respect | Victoria Pratt
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"2017-11-30 21:09:33"
The biggest risks facing cities -- and some solutions | Robert Muggah
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"2017-11-30 16:17:51"
We should aim for perfection -- and stop fearing failure | Jon Bowers
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"2017-11-29 23:07:38"
An interview with Mauritius's first female president | Ameenah Gurib-Fakim
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"2017-11-29 16:09:55"
Why wildfires have gotten worse -- and what we can do about it | Paul Hessburg
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"2017-11-28 21:37:09"
Why women stay silent after sexual assault (with English subtitles) | Inés Hercovich
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"2017-11-28 18:57:44"
For the love of birds | Washington Wachira
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"2017-11-27 15:49:37"
The global learning crisis -- and what to do about it | Amel Karboul
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"2017-11-24 23:15:33"
The surprisingly charming science of your gut | Giulia Enders
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"2017-11-22 16:01:51"
Sci-fi stories that imagine a future Africa | Nnedi Okorafor
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"2017-11-21 19:47:20"
How to win at evolution and survive a mass extinction | Lauren Sallan
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"2017-11-21 15:38:22"
Can we stop climate change by removing CO2 from the air? | Tim Kruger
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"2017-11-20 16:29:25"
The future of storytelling | Shonda Rhimes and Cyndi Stivers
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"2017-11-17 16:11:34"
We're building a dystopia just to make people click on ads | Zeynep Tufekci
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"2017-11-17 03:31:40"
The awful logic of land mines -- and an app that helps people avoid them | Carlos Bautista
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"2017-11-16 16:22:23"
How we'll earn money in a future without jobs | Martin Ford
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"2017-11-15 17:33:11"
Want a more innovative company? Hire more women | Rocío Lorenzo
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"2017-11-14 21:13:07"
Why I risked my life to expose a government massacre | Anjan Sundaram
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"2017-11-14 16:36:17"
What it's like to be a woman in Hollywood | Naomi McDougall Jones
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"2017-11-13 19:06:18"
A pro wrestler's guide to confidence | Mike Kinney
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"2017-11-13 14:20:32"
A human-robot dance duet | Huang Yi & KUKA
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"2017-11-10 15:45:40"
The powerful stories that shaped Africa | Gus Casely-Hayford
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"2017-11-09 21:07:50"
A precise, three-word address for every place on earth | Chris Sheldrick
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"2017-11-09 16:14:43"
Portraits that transform people into whatever they want to be | Uldus Bakhtiozina
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"2017-11-08 16:43:37"
The new age of corporate monopolies | Margrethe Vestager
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"2017-11-07 13:34:37"
We can hack our immune cells to fight cancer | Elizabeth Wayne
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"2017-11-06 20:37:02"
How we can end sexual harassment at work | Gretchen Carlson
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"2017-11-06 15:37:15"
What's hidden under the Greenland ice sheet? | Kristin Poinar
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"2017-11-05 22:48:56"
The forgotten art of the zoetrope | Eric Dyer
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"2017-11-03 15:27:46"
Why jobs of the future won't feel like work | David Lee
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"2017-11-02 15:23:38"
How I became an entrepreneur at 66 | Paul Tasner
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"2017-11-01 16:21:10"
Electrical experiments with plants that count and communicate | Greg Gage
\\I'm a neuroscientist and I'm the co founder backyard brains and our mission is to train the next generation of neuroscientists by taking graduate level neuroscience research equipment and make it available for kids in middle schools and high schools and so when we go into the classroom a one way you get them thinking about the brain which is very complex are is to ask them a very simple question about neuroscience and that is what has a brain we ask that our students will instantly tell you that their cat or dog has a brain ... and most will say that a mouse or even a small insect has a brain but almost nobody says that a plant or a tree or shrub has a brain I'd so ... when you push in indeed because this could actually help the scribe a little bit how the brain actually functions ... she pushes table what is it that that makes living things have brains versus not and often they'll come back with the classification that things that move tend to have brains and that's absolutely correct Ameren nervousness evolve because it is a logical it's fast so we can quickly respond to stimuli the world move if we need to ... but you go back in and pushed back and stood you say well you know you say that ... plants don't have brains the plans do move anyone who's grown up plants has noticed that the plant will move face the sun but those are but that's a slow movement you know that doesn't count Zecca be a chemical process but what about fast moving plants now in US 1760 ... Arthur Dobbs the royal governor of North Carolina beat up pretty fast name discovery ... in the swamps are behind his house you thought a plant that would spring shut Everytime a blog would fall in between it call this plant a fly trap and within a decade it made its way over to Europe ... were eventually the great Charles Darwin got to study his plan in this plant absolutely blew him away he called the most wonderful plant in the world how this is the plant that was an evolutionary wonders the plant that ... moves quickly which is rare as a pipe with carnivorous which is also great is in the same plant but I'm here today to tell you this I am the coolest thing about this plan the coolest thing is that the planking count Florida show that how it gets vocabulary out of the way so I'm going to ... do what we do in the classroom of students are going to ... do allow experiment on a lecture physiology was is the recording of the body's electrical signal you the coming from neurons are for muscles and I'm put some electrodes you're my wrists and of as I hooked them up we're gonna be able to see a signal are on the screen here and the signal may be familiar to use public EKG an electrocardiogram is is coming from your odds of my heart ... that are firing what's called action potentials potential meaning voltage and action means moves quickly up and down which cause my heart to fire which they causes ... the signal that you see here and so I want you remember the shape of what we'll be looking at right here because this is gonna be important to this is ... away that the brain encodes information in the form of an accidental so now let's turn to some plants so I'm gonna first introduce you 2 are the most ... ... not to drink ... but the Barbosa pudica and this is a plant that is found in Central America and South America and has behaviors ... and the first P. ever gonna show use if I touched the leaves here you get to see if the leaves tend to curl up and then the second behavior is if I tap believe entire brand seems to fall down so why does it do that site really known to science at one of the reasons why could be that ... it's scares away insects or looks less appealing to herbivores but how does it do that now that's interesting now we can do experiment to find out so what we're gonna do now just like I recorded the ... elliptical potential for my body we're gonna record a lot of potential from this plant right here this mimosa and so what we're gonna do is I've got a wire wrapped around the ... this damn and I've got the ground electrode where in the ground as it was a lot of ordinary Joe guy so the ... arts I'm gonna go ahead tap belief here I want you to look at the left the recording they were going to see inside the plant war is so big I got to scale it down I so what is that that is an active potential what's happening inside the plant why was it happening because it wanted to move right and so when I hit the a touch receptors 7 voltage all the way down to the end of the stem which caused it to move and now an arm arms we would move our muscles but in the plant doesn't have muscles what has our water inside the cells with a voltage it it it opens up releases the water changes the shape of cells and the leaf falls okay so here we see an axe potential encoding information to move all right but can it do more Celeste gonna find out we're gonna go to our good friend the Venus fly trap here we're going to take a look at what happens inside the leaf when we touch when a fly lands on years I'm gonna pretend to be a fly right now and I here's my Venus flytrap and inside the leaf you get a notice of there are 3 little hairs here those are trigger hairs and to a fly lands manager touch one of the hairs right now ready 123 what we get we get a beautiful acts potential however the fire truck doesn't close I understand why that is we need a little bit more about the behavior of the flytrap number one is that it takes a long time to open the traps back up you know about you know 24 to 40 8:00 hours if there's no fly inside of it and so I think a lot of energy and number 2 doesn't need to eat that many fly throughout the year it always need a handful gets most of its energy from the sun is just trying to replace a nutrient to the ground with the flies and the third thing is it only opens ... that closes the traps a handful of times and told that trap dies so therefore it wants to make really darn sure that there's a meal inside of it before the snap the flytrap snapshot so how does it do that it counts number of seconds between successive touching of those hairs and so the idea is that there's a high probability of for the fly inside and it can be put together and so it gets the first accidental start counting one 2 if it gets to 20 and it doesn't fire again that is not going to close ... but if it does it within their than the flytrap will close to bring to go back now I'm gonna touch the Venus flytrap again I've been talking for more than 20 seconds so we can see what happens when I touch the hair a second time so what we get we get a second act potential but again the week doesn't close enough I go back in there and then I found a fly moving around I'm to be touching the leave a few times I'm gonna go and brush it a few times and immediately the flytrap closes so here we're seeing the fly trap actually doing a computation determining if there's a fly inside the trap and then it closes so that's go back to our original question do plants have brains well the answer is no there's no brains in here there's not a ... you know no axe sounds though neurons ... doesn't get depressed other one know what the Tigers score is just doesn't have self actualization problems but ... what it does have it's something it's very similar to us which is the ability to communicate using electricity I just use a slightly different I answered we do but it's actually doing the same thing so ... just to show you the ubiquitous nature of these action potentials are we saw it in the Venus fly trap we shouldn't act potential the most we've even seen a next potential human now this is the ... the euro of the brain is the way that all information is passed and so what we can do is we could use those act because of the past information between species of plants and so this is our inter species plant to plant communicator and what we've done is we've we've create a brand new experiment we're going to record the action potential from a Venus fly trap a we're gonna send it into the size of the most ... so I want you to recall what happens when we touch the leaves the most of it have touch receptors are sending that information back down in the form of an action potential and so what would happen if we took the action potential from them Venus fly trap and set it into the all the stems of the most you should be able to create the behavior of the most as without actually touching it ourselves and so if you allow me I'm gonna go ahead trigger this is almost a right now by touching on the loo the hairs of the Venus fly traps are going to send information about touch from one plant to another there you see it so so I hope you learned a little bit something about plants today and not only that how you learned that plants could be used to help teach neuroscience and bring along the neural revolution thank you //
"2017-10-31 12:24:47"
How Africa can use its traditional knowledge to make progress | Chika Ezeanya-Esiobu
\\also moon spoke I was visiting the south East African city and so I was stuck in traffic on these vandals suddenly approaches my window you have opened alphabet sheets I okay quitting that alphabet sheet and I put all my daughter how it will be nice to spread it on the floor and just be on a very sweet ha while getting how to lead the alphabets so the topic move they'd be then I quickly grab a copy you know and so we moved on when I have time to fully open the alphabet sheets and take you more the 2 of you could eat I knew I was not going to use that to teach my daughter I regretted my purchase why so you cannot the alphabet she reminded me of the fact that not much has changed arm in the education curricula in Africa some of the kids but I was thought out of a similar alphabet sheet and because of that I struggled for years I struggle to reconcile my reality with the formal education I received in school the schools I attended I hope identity crises I I I look down on my reality I I looked at my ancestry I look at 9 the need to disrespect I have very little patience for what my life had to offer around the why it is for apple it is awful it is so awful useful got child in that part of the world well apples grow out who doesn't up when how long's bug well goes to the grocery store we how Mormon seeds red green yellow you know apples of all shapes and colors and sizes and so introducing education to this child we've I also bet she'd like these fulfills one of the Middle functions of education what he's too introduced Bellona to an appreciation of the NAS environment under Chris city to explore more in order to add value in my own case when and where I grew up in Africa I was an exotic foods 23 times a year I could get some no yellowish opposing brown don't see no signifying thousands of miles traveled warehouse the starting to get to meet I grew up in the city 2 very financially you know constable pairing so it was my dignified reality exactly the same way arm suffering from Ole wheel godly would not regularly featured in an American Chinese or Indian diets apple didn't count a spot of my reality so what this is for me what what it what I am introducing education to meet with a swell up full make education an abstraction you may get something out of my reach if foreign concepts if not comfort which I would have to constantly and the pressure on city buddy bishop of both belonged to for me to make progress we did it on repeat it was tough for a child who tough for anyone so I grew up and had tons academically my own the reality was for the separate that from my education in history I was told that the Scottish explorer Mughal park about the Niger River and so you both have me my great great grandparents grew up quite close to the edge of the Niger River and he it took someone to travel thousands of miles from Europe please call fire if I right on that handles speak what do you do with your time do you want gains roasting fresh yums fighting tribal once I I I mean I I just knew my education was prepared me to go somewhere else I'm practiced and gift one of the environment that he belonged to was not from my environments where and when I grew up this continued this philosophy on the god of my studies ... through time I studied in Africa it took me a lot of you know it experience these and some studies for me to begin to have a change of mind sits and I'll show you a copy of the remarkable ones needles I was in the United States in Washington DC putting towards my doctorate I call this consultancy position with the World Bank Africa region and so I think what one day my boss foam know we're having a conversation about the new on some projects and you mentioned the party could I won't bend project bill like skill interrogation project that cost millions of dollars the major Republic that was full train sustainably he said this produced but it was also sustainable and you know you but that does that Instituto don't know the whole package well then he mentioned a particular project but they could not traditional irrigation method that was hugely successful in the same region Republic where the wild bunch project was fairly he got me thinking and so I did what I was such and I found out about so Tulsa is a traditional irrigation methode where 20 to 30 cents you got all wide and 20 to 30 since we talked deep holes adult across the field to be cultivated and then ... small down he's constructed around the field and then crops up planted across the surface area what happens is that when Renoir tough women folds the holes are able to stall the water and appropriate due to the extent that the punk needs nor the what I do towns can only estimate as much water as needed until harvest time me Jenny some of the pop some of the 5 percent scorched doesn't so this is something that is a life or death situation I'm being used for centuries in an experiment that was conducted a plot of land to similar plots of land ... moon where you think experiments and what field of land did not have the proper technical needs similar plots the other one had thought technique constructed a neat Ben Seena grins a minute also we planted a book tilts join thought this time the plot of land without thought technique you're dead 11 kilograms of me let's hope to total blunt tussle technique you dead 553 kilograms of me let's by Hector I looked at a little bit the dust Bruce that I I I look at myself I said I studied agricultural for 12 years from primary to notice who will seek that's missing is Africa SF 3 West Africa will 12 Greek no one about put me off any formal traditional African knowledge off cultivation of how vesting of anything that will work in modern times and actually succeed west something important from the west would trouble you know to soak seek that was when I knew challenge the challenge of Africa's gurukula and I am post began my quest to dedicate my life consent my life work to studying of conducting research on Africa's phone number 8 system and then be able to advocates for its mystery meat in education in respect policy across sectors and industries another composition and experience I hung out at the bank I guess all me maybe take that final decision away I was going to go even though it wasn't ... the most lucrative respect to go into but it just about what I believed and so one day my boss ... said that he likes to go to Africa to negotiate ward bank loans on to a whopping one bank projects and I don't know you treat I asked him why he said all when I go to Africa it's not using I just no I write all my loan my loan documents on my project ripples on the Washington DC I go to Africa and the boat just get signed I get the best deal and I'm back that's a piece I invite my my boss is a happy with me but then she said I hate going to Asia all he mentioned about the black country is yeah and some of these countries they keep me for you know this is trying to screw got the best deal for their country if they get the best deal becoming all that close will not work for us army not environment you now you know you know is what I really see you sneeze doesn't so western and they tell me old we have enough experts to take care of this you don't have enough a spot expertise we know I'm a little kid going through all this and that and they finished yes they get the best deal but I'm so exhausted I don't get the best deal for the bank I'm when business really I thought in my head okay I was privileged to see thing on and no negotiating session in an African country so I would do the consultancy position during summer you know since I was a you know doctors to that and then I troubles in you know we did team with the World Bank team asked more like you know someone to help out with a musician now matters and I I starting doing the negotiating session all I had mostly Euramerica and this you know with me from Washington DC and I looked across the table at my African brothers and sisters I conceding condition on their feces he didn't believe it had anything to offer the great great grandchildren all Google pock the owners of apple in east la awful it'll suck and watched unfold on people's little sign on the knowledge you know it all just wind we signed shows little sign that couldn't even then they have no voice they didn't believe in themselves and so I have been doing this for indicate I have been conducting research on Africa's knowledge system or regional authentic traditional knowledge in the few cases where this has been implemented in Africa has been remarkable successes recorded I think I gotta gotta tell user is run best traditional judicial system that was used after the genocide in 1994 when the genocide ended Rhonda's national court system was a shambles no judges knoll ... going out to try hundreds or thousands of Jim's IPC's so governmental run that came up with this ... idea to resuscitate it traditional judicial system one I've gotta data is a common C. biz judicial system where ... amusing dumbass come together to LX men and woman of proven integrity try kisses of crimes committed within these communities so by the time got such a concluded its trial of genocide he sees in 2012 12 cows on community based courts have tried approximately 1.2000000 PCS that's a record most importantly is that gotten for size out run best traditional philosophy of reconciliation and reintegration us against almost the whole punitive embarrassment idea I don't I gots me a present their western arms piled and not to be able to compete with just a few that you did emphasize run those traditional method of ... a philosophy and so he was my email just now very former president of Tanzania good thing now you can not the little people people will have to develop themselves I agree with what you mean I am convinced that Africa's for the transmission Africa's advancement rest in peace in the acknowledgments valley deshawn I'm mainstreaming of Africa's own traditional authentic original indigenous knowledge in a depression in respect in policy making across sectors this is not going to be easy for Africa he's not going to be beautiful if people used to be taught how to think what to do how to go about it if people know also objected to the intellectual guidance and direction of all those the the colonial masters if industry or international news media but it is a task that we have to do to make progress I am strengthened by the Wetzel does that have a lot some of the south African choral group Ladysmith black Mambazo he's good but if tusk I had a voice can never ever be greater than the power within those we can do it we count on land looking down on ourselves we come led yeah but you're not really see on on knowledge thank you a sun the sun //
"2017-10-30 15:19:32"
How to seek truth in the era of fake news | Christiane Amanpour
\\within reason of you here see for this amazing view points and perhaps that to say that in the last few years ... Devon smoke alarming developments and you say what's alarmed you must well you know what just listening to the earlier speakers I can frame it in what they've been saying climate change Vincent cities the threat to our environment in on our lives it basically also boils down to understanding the truth and to be able to get to the truth of what we're talking about in order to really be able to solve it so if 99.9 percent of the science on climate is empirical scientific evidence but it's competing almost equally with a handful of deniers that is not the truth that is the epitome of fake news and so for me the lost you know few years certainly this last year has crystallized the notion of fake news in a way that's truly alarming and not just some slogan to be thrown around because when you caught distinguish between the truth and fake news you have very much more difficult time trying to solve some of the great issues that we face and well you couldn't involved in this question of you know what is balance what is truth what is impartiality for a long time yeah value on frontline supporting though the Balkan wars 2525 years ago I guess and them back then ... you famously said by calling out human rights abuses and you said look there are some situations 1 simply cannot be neutral about because when you're neutral you are an accomplice so do you feel that today's journalists aren't heeding that advice about balance well look I think you know for journalist objectivity is the golden rule but I think sometimes we don't understand what objectivity means and I actually learned this very very young in my career which was true in the Balkan why was I was young then it was about 25 years a ago and what we faced was the whole sale violation not just of human rights that all the way to ethnic cleansing and genocide and that is being adjudicated in the highest of war crimes court in the world so we know what we were seeing trying to tell the world what we were seeing will toss accusations of bias of siding with one side of not seeing the whole side and just you know trying to tell one story I particularly am personally was accused of siding with for instance the citizens of Sarajevo siding with the Muslims because they were the minority who are being attacked by Christians on the Serb side in our in this area and I we worried me it worried me that I was being accused of this I thought maybe I was wrong maybe I'd forgotten what objectivity was but then I started to understand that what people wanted was actually not to do anything not to step in not to change the situation not to find a solution and so they're fake news at that time then lie at that time including all governments are democratically elected governments values and principles of human rights then lie was to say that all sides equally guilty this is being centuries of ethnic hatred where as we knew that wasn't true that one side who decided to kill slaughter an ethnically cleanse another side so that is where for me I understood objectivity means giving all sides equal hearing and and talking to all sides bought not treating all sides equally not creating a forced moral equivalents or factual equivalents and when you come up against that that crisis point in situations of grave violations of international humanitarian law if you don't understand what you're seeing if you don't understand the truth and if you get trapped in the fake news paradigm then you are an accomplice room and I refuse to be accomplice to genocide you have always been these propaganda battles and and you were courageous and and taking the stand you took back then today only there's a whole new way though in which news seems to be becoming fake how how would you characterize them well look I am sits really alarmed and and everywhere I look you know we buffeted by it obviously when the leader of the free world when the most powerful person in the entire world which is the president to the United States this is the most important most powerful country in the whole world economically militarily politically in every which way arm and it seeks to obviously promote its values and power around the world so when we journalists who only seek the truth I mean that is our mission we go around the world looking for the truth in order to be everybody's eyes in the is people who can't go out in various parts of the world figure out what's going on about things that are vitally important to our own you know everybody's health and security so when you have arm a major world leader are accusing you of fake news it has a at exponential ripple effect and what it does is it starts to ... chip away at not just our credibility but at people's minds but you know people who look at us maybe the thinking what if the president of the United States says out maybe somewhere there's a truth in that per presidents have always ... been critical of the media not on this way so so so toward extend but if someone someone numb a couple years ago looking at that the avalanche of information pouring through Twitter and Facebook and so forth might have said look ... our democracy is a healthier than they've ever been there's more news than ever of course presidents will say what they'll say but everyone else can say what would I say what's not to like how is how is there an extra danger so I wish that was true arm I wish that the proliferation of platforms upon which we get our information men's that there was a proliferation of truth and transparency and depth and accuracy but I think the opposite this happened you know I'm a little bit of a luddite I will confess even when we started to talk about the information superhighway which was a long time ago before social media Twitter and all the rest of it I was actually really afraid that that would put people into certain lanes and tunnels and have them just focusing on areas of their own interests instead of seeing the broad picture and I'm afraid to say that with algorithms with logarithms with whatever the it's a saw the direct us into all these particular channels of of information that seems to be happening right now I mean you know people have written about this phenomena and people have said that yes the internet came its promise was to you exponentially explode our access to the more democracy more information are you know less bias ... more varied ... information and in fact the opposite is happens and so bad for me is incredibly dangerous and you know again when you are the president of this country and you say things it also gives leaders in other undemocratic countries cover to a from toss even even worse and it to really whack us and their own John this with this bludgeon a fake news what extent is what happens though in part just an unintended consequence that you know that media traditional media that you what 10 had this correction mediation role at west certain norms were observe certain stories would be rejected because they want credible on but now that the ... standard for ... publication and amplification is just interest attention excitement click didn't get picked on send it out that when that that's that's what's is is that part of it's because the pie I think it's a big problem and we saw this in the election of 2016 where the idea of click bait was very sexy and very attractive and so all these fake news sites and fake news items we're not just haphazardly in by happenstance being put out that there's been a whole industry in the creation a fake news in parts of Eastern Europe wherever and that you know it's plotted in real space in cyberspace so I think that you know that also the V. D. the ability of our of our technology to proliferate the stuff of the kind of speed of sound or light just about you know we've never faced that before and we've never faced such a massive a amount of information which is not curated by those whose profession leads them to abide by the truth to fact check and to maintain a code of conduct in the can the code of professional ethics but many people here may know 2 people who work at Facebook and Twitter and Google and so on ... they'll seem like great people them the good intention let's assume that what would you do if you could speak with the leaders of those companies what would you say well you know what I'm a I'm sure they are incredibly well intentioned and they certainly did did it developed an unbelievable game changing system where everybody's connected on this thing called Facebook and they've created a massive economy for themselves and and and an amazing amount of income I would just say guys you know it's time to to wake up and smell the coffee and look at what's happening to us right now mugs Aqaba wants to create a global community I want to know what is that global community going to look like I want to know when the codes of conduct actually our mug suck Berg said and I mean I don't blame him before they believe this that it was crazy to think that the Russians or anybody else could be tinkering and messing around are with this Avenue and what have we just learned in the last few weeks that actually there has been a major problem in that regard and now they're having to are investigated and figure it out yes they're trying to to to do what they can now to prevent the rise of fake news but you know it went pretty on a unrestricted for a long long time so I guess I would say you know you guys have brilliant to technology this figure out another algorithm can we not an algorithm that includes journalistic Huasteca Shanghai credibility you know how they do it but somehow you know filter out the the crap you know and not just the unintentional okay we didn't recognize the planted by people who've been doing this as a matter of warfare for decades the Soviets the Russians they all the monsters of war by other means of hybrid warfare and this is a this is this is what they decided to do it works in the United States it didn't work in France it hasn't worked in Germany during the elections there where they've tried to interfere the president of France right now in my new electoral took a very tough stand and confront it head on as did Angela Merkel that the some hope to be had from some of this is that it didn't but the word lets me see we get fooled once maybe we get forgotten but maybe not the third time damage is low but I think in this regard this so much of it is also about technology that the technology has to also be given some kind of moral compass I know I'm breaking nonsense but you know what I mean Vinita filter the crap out of them yet with moral compass I I I think the US tech mall technology moral compasses little technology I I think it's a great generally took took me just a minute about leadership you've had a chance to speak with so many people across the world I think the server side I stick my self identified if it's feel business this kind of in a disappointment of when it went off of the leaders you know so many of us have been appointed on something she what's happened recently flattened all another one bites the dust you know it's it's it's heartbreaking how who have you met who you have been impressed by inspired by well you know when you when you talk about the world in crisis which is absolutely true and those of us who you know spend our whole lives immersed in this crisis you know we were all on the verge of a nervous breakdown so it's it's pretty stressful right now and you're right you know there is this received an actual vacuum of leadership in this not me saying it I'll ask all these weather whoever I'm talking to ask about leadership I was speaking to the outgoing president of Liberia today Ellen Sirleaf Johnson who in 3 weeks time will be one of the very rare heads of an African country who actually abides by the constitution and gives up power of after her prescribed turn and she has said she wants to do that as a as a lesson but when I also about leadership and I gave her a quick fire round of certain names and I presented her with the name of the new French president Emmanuel micro she said so so what do you think when I say his name and she said shaping up potentially to be a leader to fill our current leadership vacuum so that was really interesting and yesterday I happened to have an interview with him a very proud to say I got his first international interview was great it was yesterday and I was really impressed I mean I don't know whether I should be saying that in open forum but I was really impressed right yeah ... because and it could be just because it was his first interview but I also questions and you know what he also them there was no spirit there was no wiggling waggle there was no spend 5 minutes to come back to the point I didn't have to keep interrupting which I've become rob the renowned for James I want people to also the to the question and ID also meet and though it was pretty interesting pretty interesting and he's earned my respect that tell me what he said I know you go ahead you and your no no no no no no that's not a good word to say okay you've talked about nationalism and tribalism here today I asked him how did you have the guts to confront the prevailing winds of anti globalization our nationalism populism when you could see what happened in brexit we could see what happened in the United States and what might have happened in many European elections at the beginning of of 2017 and and he said for me nationalism means war we have seen it before we have lived through it before my continent and I am very cheer about that so he was not going to just the political expediency embrace the kind of lowest common denominator that had been embraced in in other political ... elections and he stood against a marine le pen who is a very dangerous woman last question for you Qasem arm that is the ideas were spreading ... if you could plant one idea into the minds of everyone here what would that be I would say really be careful where you get your information from really take responsibility for what you read listen to and watch make sure that you go to the trusted brands to get your main information no matter whether you have a wide eclectic you know intake really stick with the brunt names that you know because in this world right now at this moment right now our crises out challenges all problems associate fear that unless we are all engaged as global citizens who appreciate the truth who understand science empirical evidence and facts then we are just simply going to be you wandering along to a potential catastrophe so I would say the truth and then I would come back to menu micro and and talk about love I would say that does not love not enough love going around and I lost him to tell me about love I said you know your your marriage is the subject of global obsession and what can you tell me about love what is it mean to you I've never lost a president or the like leader about I thought I'd try it on and he said the way he you know he actually announced that it and he said you know I love my wife she is part of me we've been together for decades here's where it really counted what really stuck with me he said it is so important for me to have somebody at home tells me the truth CCR brought it home are I was out of order so they go truth and love 5 if the spreading Christiane really //
"2017-10-27 15:29:46"
The revolutionary power of diverse thought | Elif Shafak
\\can you taste words there's a question that the call to me by surprise this summer I was giving a talk to the chief festival and afterwards as I was signing books a teenage girl came with her friends and this is what she asked me I told her that some people experience an overlap in their senses so that they could hear colors or see sounds and many of isis were fascinated by the subject myself included but she cut me off and the bit impatiently and said yeah I know the thought is cool synesthesia we learned of the school but my mom is reading your book and she says there's lots of food and ingredients and the long dinner scene and that she gets hungry of every page so I was thinking how come you don't get hungry when you rise and I sports may be maybe you could taste words doesn't make sense and actually it did make sense because ever since my childhood each letter in the alphabet has a different color and colors bring me flavors so Francis the color purple is quite pungens almost perfumes and any words that I associate with purple taste the same way such tests sunsets is a very spicy words ... but I was worried that if I tell all of this to the teenager it might sound either to obstruct or perhaps to weird and there wasn't enough time anyhow because people were waiting in the queue so it suddenly felt like what I was trying to convey was more complicated and detailed than what the circumstances allowed me to say and and I did what I usually do in similar situations I stammered so I shut down and I I still talking I still talking because truth was complicates it even though I knew deep within that one should never ever remained silent for fear of complexity so to start my talk today with the answer that I was not able to give on that day yes I can taste words sometimes that is not always a happy words have a different flavor than sob words I like to explore how does the word creativity taste like or equality love revolution and what about motherland's these days is particularly this last words that troubles me it leaves the sweet taste on my tongue like cinnamon of it's a little frills water and the golden apples but underneath underneath there's a sharp tongue like nestled son dandelion the taste of my motherland Turkey is a mixture of sweets and bitter and the reason why I'm telling you this is because I think there's more and more people all around the world today who have similarly mixed emotions about the lands they come from we love our native countries yeah how can we not we feel attached to the people the culture of the lungs the food and yet at the same time we feel increasingly frustrated by its politics and politicians sometimes to the point of despair or hurt or anger I once talk about emotions and the need to boost our emotional intelligence I think it's a pity that mainstream political theory pays very little attention to her emotions oftentimes analysts and experts are so busy with data and metrics that they seem to forget those things in life that are difficult to measure on props impossible to cluster on the statistical models but I think this is a mistake for 2 main reasons firstly because we are emotional beings us human beings I think we all are like that secondly and stitches new we have entered a new stage in world history in which collective sentiments guardians and misguided politics more than ever before and through social media and social networking these sentiments are further almost the fights polarized and the trouble around the world quite fast ours is the age of exile it's me anger trusts resentment and I think what Sophia but here's the thing even though there's plenty of research about economic fox's there's relatively few studies about emotional factors why is it that we underestimates feelings and perceptions I think it's going to be one of our biggest intellectual challenges because our political systems are replete with emotions and country after country we have seen liberal politicians exploiting these emotions and yet within the Accademia among the intelligentsia we're yet to take emotions seriously I think we should and just like we should focus on economic inequality worldwide we need to pay more attention to emotional and cognitive cops worldwide's on how to reach these gaps because they do they do matzah years ago when I was still living in a stumble on an American scholar working on women writers in the Middle East came to see me and at some point in our exchange he said I understand why you're a feminist because you know you you live in Turkey and I said to her I don't understand why you're not a feminist because you know you live in America and then and she loves words she took it as a joke and then the moment passed but but the way she had divided the world into 2 imaginary camps into 2 opposites counts bothers me and it stayed with me according to this imaginary mop some parts of the world when the cleats countries there were like 2 people to us not yet cephalotes some other parts of the world namely the west were sold it safe and stable of so it was the liquid lime stuck needed feminism and activism and human rights and those of us who were unfortunate enough to come from such places had to keep struggling for these most essential values but there was hope since history moved forwards even the most on stay the lines would found they catch up and meanwhile the citizens of sold it lands take comfort in the progress of history and in the triumph of the liberal or into that that supports the struggle so for other people elsewhere but they themselves did not have to struggle for the basics often will proceed anymore because they were beyond that stage I think in the year 2016 this hierarchical geography was shot towards to pieces our world no longer follows the stylistic pattern a in the school nurse mind if if evidence yeah now we know that history those not necessarily move forwards sometimes to draw circles even sliced backwards and that generations can make the same mistakes but their great grandfathers had maids and now we know that there's no such thing a salute countries verses liquid countries in fact we are all living in liquid times just like the late Zygmunt Bauman told us and Bowman has another issue definition for our age his he use to say we're all going to be walking on moving moving sounds and if that's the case I think it should concern us women more than men because once the site to slide backwards into authoritarianism nationalism or religious fanaticism women have much more to lose that is why this needs to be a vital moment not only for global activism but in my opinion for global sisterhood aswell but I want to make a little competition before I go any further arm until recently whenever I took part in an international conference or festival I would be usually one of the more depressed speakers having seen how our dreams of democracy and how our dreams of coexistence were crushed in Turkey both you know gradually but also with a bewildering speed over the years I felt quite demoralize and at these festivals there will be some other blew me right furs and they would come from places such as Egypt Nigeria Pakistan Bangladesh Philippines China Venezuela and Russia and we would smile at each other in sympathy this camaraderie of the dooms and you could call us towards a week worried and depressed writers international club but then things began to change and suddenly our club became more popular and we started to have new members I remembered I remember Greek rites of sun puts joins first came on board and then writers from Hungary and Poland and then interesting their rights as from Austria the Netherlands France and then righteous from the UK where I live on what I call my home and then rights is from the USA suddenly there were more applause feeling worried about the fate of our nations and the future of the world and maybe there are more of us now feeling like strangers in our own mother learns and then this bizarre thing happens those of us who used to be very depressed for a long time we started to feel less depressed what does the newcomers that was so not used to feeling this way but they were not even more depressed so you could you could see writes us from Bangladesh or Turkey or Egypt trying to console their colleagues from bricks it's Britain or from post election USA joking aside I think our world is full of unprecedented challenges and this comes with some emotional backlash because in the face of high speed change many people wish to slow down and when there's too much on familiarity people long for the familiar and when things get too confusing many people crave simplicity this is a very dangerous crossroads because it's exactly where the demo Gorka answers into the picture the demo go cook understands how collective sentiments work and how he it's usually a he can benefit from them he tells us that we all belong in our tribes and he tells us that we will be safer if we're surrounded by sameness demagogues come in all sizes and in all shapes this could be the eccentrically the overall marginal political parties somewhere in Europe or an Islamist extremists imam preaching dogma and hatreds or it could be a white supremacists Nazi admiring ordered serve somewhere else all these figures such first glance they seem disconnected but I think they feed each other and they need each other and all around the world when we look at how they will books toll and how the how the inspire movements I think they are one unmistakable quality in common they strongly strongly dislike plurality they cannot deal with multiplicity Adorno use to say intolerance of ambiguity is the sign of an authoritarian personality but I ask myself what's if that same sign that same intolerance of army you'd see what if it's this if if it's the mark of our times of the age we're living in because wherever I look I see nuances withering away on TV shows we have one untie something speaker situated against the pro something speaker now it's good ratings it's even better if they shout at each other even in the academia what our intellect is supposed to be an artist you see one atheist squalor competing with the firm atheist scola but it's not a real intellectual exchange because it's a clash between 2 certainties I think binary oppositions are are are everywhere so slowly and systematically we are being denied their rights to be complex stumbled Berlin knees Paris Brussels Dhaka bugged out Barcelona we have seen one horrible terror attack after another sh and when you express your soro on when you react against the cruelty you get all kinds of reactions messages on social media but one of them is quite disturbing only because it's so widespread they say why do you feel sorry for them why do you feel sorry for them why don't you feel sorry for civilians in Yemen or civilians in Syria and I think the people who write such messages do not understand that we can feel sorry for and stand in solidarity with victims of terrorism and violence in the Middle East in Europe in Asia in America whatever everywhere equally and simultaneously they don't seem to understand that we don't have to pick one pain and one plays over over old others but I think this is what tribalism thus toss tree farm minds for sure but it also shrinks our hearts such an expense that we become known to the suffering of others people's under such truth is we weren't always like this I had a children's book ... all too in in Turkey and what when the book was published I did lots of events I want to many primary schools which gave me a chance to observe younger kids into a kid I was always amazing to see how much empathy imagination on could swear they have these children are much more inclined to become global citizens found nationalists at that age and it's wonderful to see when you ask them so many of them want to be put its underwriters and girls are just as confident as boys if not even more but then I would go to high schools and everything has changed now nobody wants to be a writer anymore now nobody wants to be a novelist anymore and girls have become Tim it's they are cautious guards it reluctant to speak up in the public space because we have told them the family the schools the society we have told them to erase their individuality I think he's done wastes we are losing multiplicity both within our societies and within ourselves and coming from Turkey I do know that the loss of privacy is a major major loss today my mother lance became the world's biggest J. love for journalists surpassing even China's sun records and I also believe that what happens over there in Turkey can happen anywhere it can even happen here so just like soul that countries was an illusion ... singular identities is also evil onion Lucien because we all have amongst multiplicity of forces in science the Iranian the Persian poets Hoffa's he used to say you carry in your soul every ingredients necessary turn your existence into joy all you have to do is to mix those ingredients nothing makes we can I am I stumble lights yeah but I'm also touch the ball comes the AGM the Mediterranean the Middle East the left wants I am a European by birth by choice the values that I upholds I have become alums in that over the years I would like to think of myself as the global soul as a world citizen unknown months and then I tenants storyteller I have multiple attachments just like all of us to and multiple attachments means multiple stories as writers we always chase stories course but I think they're also interested in silence the things we cannot talk about political troubles cultural taboos we're also interested in our own silences I have always been very vocal about on recent extensively about minority rights women's rights LGBT rights but as I was thinking about this Ted talk I realize one thing I have never had the courage say in a public space that I was bisexual myself because I still feared the slum there and the stigma and the need the tools and the hatreds that was sure to follow but of course one should never ever remained silent for fear of complexity know who I'm no stranger things cites his son although I'm talking here about the the power of emotions I do know the power of emotions I have discovered all the time that emotion some ultimate this you know they have a limits there comes a moment it's like a tipping point or threshold when you get tired of feeling afraid when you get tired of feeling anxious and I think not only individuals but perhaps nations to have their own tipping points so even stronger than my emotions is my awareness but not on the agenda looks on the identity but life itself is fluids they want to divide us into tribes but we are connected across borders they preach certainty but we know that life has plenty of magic and plenty of ambiguous thing and they like to incite to all the cities but we are far more nuanced than lots so what you only do I think we need to go back to the basics back to the colors softer off of it the Lebanese spoiled how did she drawn use to say I learned silence from the talkative I'm Paul Lawrence from the intolerance and kindness from dong kinds I think it's a great model for our times so from populist them all groups we will learn the indispensable duty of democracy and from isolationists we will learn the need for global solidarity at from tribal lists we will learn the beauty of cosmopolitanism and the beauty of privacy as I finish I want to leave you with one words or one taste the word used in Turkish means motherland's it means home runs but interestingly the word also means tens used by nomadic tribes and I like that combination because it makes me think homelands to not need to be routed in one place yet they can be portable we can take them with us everywhere and I think for rights those 4 storytellers at the end of the day there is one main homeland and it's cold storylines and the taste off that word is a taste of freedom thank you //
"2017-10-26 20:32:13"
A global food crisis may be less than a decade away | Sara Menker
\\since 2009 the world has been stuck on a single narrative around a coming global food crisis and what we need to do to avoid it how do we feed 9000000000 people by 2050 every conference podcast in dialogue around global food security starts with this question and goes on to answer it by saying we need to produce 70 percent more food the 2015 narrative started to evolve shortly after global food prices hit all time highs in 2008 people were suffering and struggling governments and world leaders needed to show us that they were paying attention and we're working to solve it the thing is 2050 a so far into the future that we can't even relate to it and more importantly if we keep doing what we're doing it's going to hit us a lot sooner than that I believe we need to ask a different question the answer to that question needs to be framed differently if we can re frame the old the narrative and replace it with new numbers that tell us a more complete picture numbers that everyone can understand and relate to we can avoid the crisis altogether I was a commodities trader in my past life and one of the things that I learned trading is that every market has a tipping point the point at which change occurs so rapidly that it impacts the world and things change forever think of the last financial crisis or crash so here's my concern we could have a tipping point in global food and agriculture if surging demand surpasses the agricultural system structural capacity to produce food this means at this point apply can no longer keep up with demand spike exploding prices unless we can commit to some type of structural change this time around it won't be about stock markets and money it's about people people could starve and governments may fall this question of at what point the supply struggle to keep up with surging demand is one that started off as an interest for me while I was trading and became an absolute obsession it went from interest to obsession when I realized through my research how broken the system was and how very little data was being used to make such critical decisions that's the point I decided to walk away from a career on Wall Street start an entrepreneurial journey start grow intelligence I grow we focus on bringing this data and doing the work to make it actionable to empower decision makers at every level but doing this work we also realize that the world not just world leaders but businesses and citizens like every single person in this room laughed and actionable guy on how we can avoid a coming global food security crisis and so we built a model leveraging the petabytes of data we sit on and we solved for the tipping point now no one knows we've been working on this problem and this is the first time that I'm sharing what we discovered we discovered that the tipping point is actually a decade from now we discovered that the world will be short 214000000000000 calories by 2027 the world is not in a position I fill this gap now you'll notice that's the way I'm screaming this is different from how I started and that's intentional because until now this problem has been quantified using mass think kilograms tons Hector grounds whatever your unit of choices in mass why do we talk about food in terms of weight because it's easy we can look at a photograph and determine tonnage on a ship by using a simple pocket calculator we can wait trucks airplanes an ox carts but what we care about in food is nutritional value not all foods are created equal even if they weigh the same this I learned first hand when I moved from Ethiopia to the U. S. for university upon my return back home my father who was so excited to see me greeted me by asking why I was fat now turns a hope turns out that eating approximately the same amount of food as they did in Ethiopia but in America and actually led to certain fullness to my figure this is why we should care about calories not about mass it is calories which the stain us so 214000000000000 calories is a very large number and not even the most dedicated of us I think in the hundreds of trillions of calories so let me break this down differently an alternative way to think about this I still think about it in big macs 214000000000000 calories a single big mac has 563 calories that means the world will be short 300 79 0 big macs and 2027 that is more big macs the McDonald's has ever produced so how did we get to these numbers in the first place they're not made up this map shows you where the world was 40 years ago it shows you know calorie gaps in every country in the world now simply put this is just calories consumed in that country minus calories produced in that same country this is not a statement on malnutrition or anything else that simply saying how many calories are produced in a single are consumed in a single year minus how many are produced new countries are not calorie exporters or self sufficient they have some in storage for a rainy day read countries are not calorie importers the deeper the brighter the read the more you're importing 40 years ago such few countries were net exporters of calories I could count them with one hand most of the African continent Europe most of Asia South America excluding Argentina were all net importers of calories and what's surprising is that China used actually be food self sufficient India was a big net importer of calories 40 years later this is today you can see the drastic transformation that's occurred in the world Brazil has emerged as an agricultural powerhouse Europe is dominant in global agriculture India has actually flipped from red to blue it's become food self sufficient and China what from not light blue to the brightest red you see on this map how did we get here what happened so this chart shows you India and Africa new line is India redline is Africa how is it the 2 regions that started off so similarly in such similar trajectories take such different pots India had a green revolution not a single African country had a green revolution the net outcome India's food self sufficient and in the past decade has actually been exporting calories the African continent now imports over 300000000000000 calories the year then yes it China the Green Line member the switch from the blue to the bright red what happened and when did it happen China seem to be on a very similar past India until the start of the 20 first century where it suddenly flipped a young and growing population combined with significant economic growth made its mark with the Big Bang and no one in the markets saw it coming this flip with everything to global agricultural markets luckily now South America was starting to bloom at the same time as China's rise and so therefore supply and demand are still somewhat balanced so the question becomes where do we go from here oddly enough it's not a new story except this time it's not just a story of China it's a continuation of China an amplification of Africa and a paradigm shift in India but 2023 Africa's population is forecasted to overtake that of India's China's but 2023 these 3 regions combined will make up over half the world's population this crossover point starts to present really interesting challenges for global food security and a few years later were hit hard with that reality what does the world look like in 10 years so far as I mentioned India's been food self sufficient most forecasters predicted that this will continue we disagree India will become will soon become a net importer of calories this will be driven both by the fact that demand is growing from a population growth standpoint plus economic growth will be driven by belts and even if you have optimistic assumptions around production growth it will make that slight flip that slight flip can have huge implications next Africa will continue to be a net importer of calories again driven by population growth and economic growth this again is assuming optimistic production growth assumptions then China where population is flattening out calorie consumption will explode because the types of calories consumed are also starting to be higher calorie content foods and so therefore these 3 regions combined first start to present or really interesting challenge for the world until now Tyler countries of calorie deficits have been able to meet that these deficits by importing from surplus regions buy surplus regions I'm talking about North America South America and Europe this line chart over here shows you the growth in the projected growth over the next decade of production from North America south American Europe but it doesn't show you is that most of this growth is actually gonna come from South America and most of this growth is going to come at the huge cost of deforestation and so when you look at the combined demand increased coming from India China and the African continent and look at it verses the combined increase in production coming from India China the African continent North America South America and Europe you are left with a 214000000000000 calorie deficit one we can't produce and this by the way is actually assuming we take all the extra calories produced in North America South America and Europe and export them solely to India China and Africa what I just presented to you is a vision of an impossible world we can do something to change that we can change consumption patterns we can reduce food waste or we can make a bold commitments 2 increasing yields exponentially now I'm not gonna go into discussing changing consumption patterns are reducing food waste because those conversations have been going on for sometime now nothing's happened nothing has happened because those arguments ask the surplus regions to change their behavior on behalf of deficit regions waiting for others to change their behavior on your behalf for your survival is a terrible idea it's unproductive so I'd like to suggest an alternative that comes from the red regions China India Africa China is constrained in terms of how much more landed actually has available for agriculture and it has massive water resource availability issues so the answer really lies in India and in Africa India because of some upside in terms of potential yield increases now this is the gap between its current meals and the theoretical maximum yield a can a chief it has some on farm arable land remaining but not much India's quite land constraint now the African continent on the other hand has vast amounts of arable land remaining insignificant upside potential in yields somewhat simplified picture here but if you look at sub Saharan African yields in corn today they are where north American yields were in 1940 we don't have 70 plus years to figure this out so it means we need to try something new and we need to try something different the solution starts with reforms we need just reform and commercialize the agricultural industries in Africa and in India not by commercialization commercialization is not about commercial farming alone commercialized ation is about leveraging data to craft better policies to improve infrastructure to lower the transportation costs and to completely reform banking and insurance industries commercialization is about taking agriculture from too risky endeavor to one more fortunes can be made commercialise ation is not about just farmers commercialize ation is about the entire agricultural system but commercialization also means confronting the fact that we can no longer place the burden of growth on small scale farmers alone and accepting that commercial forums in the introduction of commercial farms could provide certain economies of scale that even small scale farmers can leverage it is not about small scale farming or commercial agriculture or big agriculture we can create the first excess flow models of the co existence and success of small scale farming alongside commercial agriculture this is because for the first time ever the most critical tool for success in the industry data and knowledge is becoming cheaper by the day and very soon it won't matter how much money you have or how big you are to make optimal decisions and maximize probability of success in reaching your intended goal companies like grow are working really really hard to make this a reality so if we can commit to this new bold initiative to this new bold change not only can we solve the 214000000000000 gap that I talked about but we can actually set the world on a whole new past India can remain food self sufficient and Africa can emerge as the world's next dark blue region the new question is how do we produce 214000000000000 calories I feed 8.3000000000 people by 2027 we have the solution we just need to act on it thank you //
"2017-10-26 15:30:33"
Don't suffer from your depression in silence | Nikki Webber Allen
\\what are you doing on this stage in front of all of the people are run run now that's the voice of my anxiety attack in even when there's absolutely nothing wrong I sometimes get this overwhelming sense of doom like dangers lurking just around the corner you see a few years ago I was diagnosed with generalized anxiety and depression 2 conditions that often go hand in hand now there was a time I would have told anybody specially not for the big audience as a black woman I had to develop extraordinary resilience to succeed and like most people in my community I have the misconception that depression was a sign of weakness a character flaw I was a week I was a high achiever I don't a master's degree in media studies and had a string of high profile jobs in the film and television industries I even won 2 Emmy awards for my hard work share I was totally spent I liked interesting things I used to enjoy barely 8 struggled with insomnia and felt isolated and depleted pressed now not me took weeks before I could admit it but the doctor was right I was depressed still I didn't tell anybody about my diagnosis I was too ashamed I didn't think I had the right to be depressed I had a privileged life with a loving family and a successful career and when I thought about the unspeakable horrors that my ancestors had been through in this country so that I could have it better Michiru even deeper I listening on their shoulders how could I let them down I would hold my head up put a smile on my face and never tell a soul on July 4 2013 my world came crashing in on me that was the day I got a phone call from my mom telling me that my 22 year old nephew Paul had ended his life after years of battling depression and anxiety there are no words that can describe the devastation I fell Paul and I are very close but I had no idea he was in so much pain neither one of us had ever talked to the other about our struggles shame and stigma kept us both silent now my way of dealing with adversity is to face it head on so I spent the next 2 years researching depression and anxiety and what I found was mind blowing the World Health Organization reports that depression is the leading cause of sickness and disability in the world while the exact cause of depression isn't clear research suggests that most mental disorders develop at least in part because of a chemical imbalance in the brain and door an underlying genetic predisposition she can't just shake it out for black Americans stressors like racism and socio economic disparities but the medic 20 percent greater risk of developing a mental disorder if they seek mental health services at about half the rate of white Americans one reason is a stigma with 63 percent of black Americans mistaking depression or weakness sadly the suicide rate among black children has doubled in the past 20 years now here's the good news 70 percent of people struggling with depression will improve with therapy treatment and medication armed with this information I made a decision I wasn't going to be silent anymore with my family's blessing I would share our story in hopes of sparking a national conversation a friend Kelly peerless said being strong is killing us she's right we have got to retire at those tired old narratives of the strong black woman in the super masculine black man who no matter how many times they get knocked down to shake it off and soldier on having feelings isn't a sign of weakness feelings me more human and when we deny our humanity it leaves us feeling empty inside searching for ways to self medicate in order to fill the void my drug was high achievement these days I share my story openly and I ask others to share theirs too I believe that's what it takes to help people who may be suffering in silence to know that they are not alone and it's you know that would help they can heal I still have my struggles particularly with the anxiety but I'm able to manage it through daily meditation yoga and a relatively healthy diet if I feel like things are starting to spiral I make an appointment to see my therapist a dynamic black woman named don Armstrong who has a great sense of humor and a familiarity that I find comforting I will always regret that I couldn't be there for my nephew but my sincerest hope is that I can inspire others with the lesson that I've learned life it's beautiful sometimes it's messy and it's always unpredictable but it will all be okay we have your support system to help you through it hope that if your burden gets too heavy you ask for hand to thank you the //
"2017-10-25 16:33:49"
Mind-blowing, magnified portraits of insects | Levon Biss
\\so all I had been a photographer for the seniors before I begin the microscope to protect and that's how I am I'd shot global ad campaigns I had the opportunity to photographs of my generation's icons and US tribe in the world you know I got to a point in my career that I dreamed of getting sick and yet for some reason I still felt a little bit unfulfilled and I despite the extraordinary things I was shooting an experience and I started to feel a bit old reasoning and I was also getting concerned about how disposable photography it started to feel in the digital world and a stunt or really wants to use images that have a sense of work again and I needed subject the fell extraordinary sometimes I wish I had the eyes of a child and by that I mean I wish I could look at the world in the same way as I did when I was a small boy I think there's a danger as we get older that's how curiosity becomes slightly muted or delve quite familiarity and as a visual created one of one of the challenges for me is to present the familiar in a new and engaging way force which made I've I've got 2 great kids who still curious about the world Sebastian he's still curious about the world and in 2014 in spring he brought in a ground Basil from the garden and there's nothing to be special about this insect you know it was a common spaces but he was still curious and Haiti brought up to my office and we decided to look at it under his microscope yellow science kit for Christmas and this is what we saw now when I first saw discipline me away you know up here this is the back of the Gramm leach when I first saw it reminded me of a galaxy and all the time this it's been outside a window you know I was looking for this extraordinary subjects and its success arising curiosity to bring them to me and so I decided photographic for him and this is what I choose I basically also serve 2 simple questions the first one you know could I take all my knowledge and skill of photographic lighting and take on the subject is 5 millimeters long but also cry key creative control over the lights and on a subject that size and so I truck to some small of found specimens and I approached the Oxford university museum of natural history to see if I have access to their collection to progress the products and I went up there for me some and I showed them some of the images that I'd been shootin they'd like it seemed kind of detail I was able to get another thing that ever really seen anything quite like it before and from that point forward they gave me open access to their end cycle action and the system so if doctor James Hogan that entomologists now our next 2.5 years by shots 37 insects make flexion and the way I work is that I since we split the insects up into multiple sections are treat each one other sections like a spoon still life so for example if I was photographing the ire of insect which is your new record smooth and dome shaped that I didn't use a light source that is large and soft diffuse so don't get me harsh hot spots on that surface but once more attention turns over to Harry like that lighting setup will change completely and so on like that one tiny section look as beautiful as I possibly can no weapon away across the insect until I have about 20 or 25 different sections the issue with photography high magnification is there is inherently a very shallow depth of field such gets around that what I do is I but my camera on a rail talking walls might to move 10 microns in between shots that's about one seventh the width of a human hair and then that provides me with a stack of images deep stock images peach halves of tiny sliver of focus all the way through an IQ score step down choose one image that is fully focus from front to back and so essentially that gives me 25 sections of fully focused and beautifully lit now each one of my images is made up of anywhere between 8 and 10000 separate shots I take about 3 and half weeks to create and the file sizes on average or about 4 gigabyte suck up plenty of information to play with an inference and and the prince the exhibition around the freemen to mark if that's I had a show in Milan 2 weeks ago and we had some friends that were my mates as long but you know I realize that these images I have stuff to work in the digital world you know support me put my blood sweat and tears into these pictures if there are to be shown 500 pixels on the screen so with the help of rep John la hands will cooks and we developed a website that enables the of you it's immerse themselves and to the full 4 gigabyte files and I can explore that microscopic detail it's if you have time and I encourage you please visit microscope a gun have the place is good from so if I show you the work at Oxford and since then it's moved on to the Middle East is now back in Europe and dust Copenhagen this month and the feedback is has been great you know I gets email was actually one of the world from teachers of mine who use in the website in school kids using them on tablet as humans the pitches in drug use net art class biology class and that's not something I planned this dispute for offshoots of the project in fact one of things I like to the exhibition says session look at the kitties reactions and I could have that I stand in front with free metering secular been horrified but I don't thank you looking one that this little chap here east of the 5 minutes motionless and at the end of the day actually it into the ... Diaby exhibitions have to wipe down below third the big difference just removal by sticky hand prints so I wanna do is touch those big Bucks now it will leave you with one final image that's okay and this is do with Charles Darwin now one of the recent images that I photographed was this one here Alan's until better the creature in the box MCAT and this is a shield bug that Charles Darwin brought back from Australia on the H. miss beagle in 1936 and when I got home busted my kitchen instead of about 20 minutes I can believe I was in possession of this beautiful creature I know that moment auklets come to realize this validated the project for me the fact that museum willing to risk me playing with us kinda showed me that my images had worth another one disposable unless the image that produced I often wonder you know still when I look at this but which almost all men make these images that you think he'd like his picture of a show about and I hope so so nothing strange in a way I'm a visual person I'm a creative person but I still needed the eyes of a child to form my extraordinary subject so it was so I can say is thank you very much The Boston and I am very very grateful thank you //
"2017-10-24 20:43:06"
The magic of Khmer classical dance | Prumsodun Ok
\\monk what Moran where the artist my classical dance is more than 1000 years old it was developed as a prayer movement for rain and fertility and the prosperity that this meant for an agricultural society dancers who were both men and women were offered to temples where they serve as living bridges between heaven and our they're dancing bodies carried the prayers of the people up to the gods and the will of the deities was delivered back through them people in the last there are a lot of curves Inc my dance our backs are arched my knees are bent our toes are curled our elbows are hyper flexed and our fingers are curved backwards all of these curves create a serpentine impression and this is important because before the introduction of major religions mais and people all over the world practiced animism serpents were especially important in this belief system because in their fluid curvilinear movement they mimic the flow of water so to invoke the serpent in your dancing body then contra image of reverse cutting across your inspire the flow of life giving water as you can see them my classical dance is a transformation of nature of of the physical world around us and of our own internal universe we have 4 primary had justice that we use can we do them together ya okay this is a tree that she will grow and then I will have leaves after house leaves it'll have flowers and after house flowers it'll have fruit that food will drop and a new tree will grow and in those 4 gestures are the cycle of life these 4 gestures are then used to create a whole entire language with which dancers express ourselves so for example I can say I I in dance that would be I or I can say Hey you come here come here intense come here or go go go and everything from love sadness to anger can be expressed through the dance as well there's a certain magic in the way that things are filtered transformed and put together to create limitless possibilities in our my word for art Philip but in fact at its root means magic the artist the Philip Paul or to Philip data need then is nothing short of a magician I am very proud to say that I belong to a long line of magicians from my teacher so clean chin Shapiro to her teachers who were stars in the royal palace to the ancient dances of uncle and to the primal villagers from which the art form originally took life that said archers heritage was once almost completely destroyed if you are wearing glasses please stand up if you speak more than one language please stand up if you have light skin please stand up your glasses meant that you could afford healthcare that second or third language you spoke indicated your elite education your light skin meant you didn't have to work beneath the sun undertook my Rouge who took over Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 we would all be dead now targeted because of our soon privilege you see my roots look to Cambodia and they saw centuries of rigid in quality king and fuel leaks around him had all the pleasures and comforts of the world while the mass majority suffered from back breaking labor and harsh poverty you don't need a history book to see that this is true my word for it I for me Kim this very same word can also mean slave and dancers were in fact Winona speaking on behalf bomb or slaves of the sacred dance my which sought to end slavery in Cambodia somehow he turned everyone into slaves to do it they became the oppression that they stopped and they evacuated the capital and force people into labor camps they tore families apart and brainwash children against their own parents everywhere people were dying and being killed losing their lives from disease over work execution and starvation the result of this is that an entire third of Cambodia's population with lost in less than 4 years and in that number when 90 percent of my dance artists in other words 9 out of 10 visions for the tradition and future were lost thankfully however it was my teachers teachers she is to me so some on unchain pawn who would lead the revival of the art form from the ashes of war and genocide one student one gesture one death at a time they wrote the love magic beauty history and philosophy of our lineage into the bodies of the next generation nearly 40 years later my classical dance has been revived to new heights somehow it still exists inoperable environment the disastrous effects of war Phil Hartman I people today it is written in our bodies manifested in the genetic passage of PTSD and family spacing cyclical poverty an immense cultural rests and language barriers get beauty is the most resilient thing beauty houses ability to grow anywhere and everywhere at any time beauty is what connects people to time and place beauty is a liberation from suffering ask my artist's work to revive our culture and country we find that there are many paths in which to move forward into the future and in a tradition where we often don't know the dancers names who they were what their lives were like what they felt let me propose that we move forward honestly and openly from Cleon no not as in slave but as unconscious service known I me flowering my name is from Saddam out I am because my and I'm American I am the child of refugees a creator a healer and a builder of bridges I am a teacher's first male student in a tradition understood by many US female and I found it Cambodia's first gay dance company I am the incarnation of the beauty dreams and power of those who came before me the convergence of past present and future and of individual and collective let me then play that ancient an ageless role of the artist as messenger by sharing the words of chain pun a garden with only one type of flower or flowers of only one color is no good this is a reminder that our strength Grof survival in very existence lies and diversity is however a message of courage as well for a flower it does not ask for anyone's permission to bloom it was born to offer itself to the world fearless love if if nature thank you //
"2017-10-24 15:19:17"
How LIGO discovered gravitational waves (with English subtitles) | Gabriela González
\\I think about this you know and you know it seemed to me and said I'm staying political superior little if any that Canada is a number if maybe a plateau but if this is not the idea if we could let me that the sick a lot less S. dilemma DTMF that meet us at the time not gate the hot dragonfly system that Nicholas yet you've done C. not working during the month the media does not suitable let me test Andrew then let the Netflix Louisville if past you gimbal they do it busted you behave couldn't give you a hint of connect that Dulles equipment of southern hug with double him going to either fluted mom was sick until enough not to say more event no they never know but let me is if you don't see no board game being a set good but do it really fast you people even see years ago lack would beat us icicle McClendon what took him by nearly data cigna hot enough big ego Likud but do not go until women in that place and meaningless into his distaste I'm sending evil it is to do it yet this is the idea que existing unless owned academic that's your madness if so it improves the deck when the lamb must listen waving come up for him to one of those cities I thank you and the one that they don't know what they eat logo simply if NFS UTM book cases even in that he had insisted that the savannas they'd gotten the elastic that is S. the number one book if done in the coca Cola o'keefe does he think does it end ton ton ton pick Pena's can no longer save an apartment it this week on that como couldn't data go the CNW see in defeat gross data handling them would just basic put more to think unless I see we forget that the employment of meat he is sick the green moss SSL in the heavy test your 94 left but be made obvious it doesn't Donia backed down the ladder imbecile I say me they cientos measure on the atlas I see mucho mucho tiempo internet Alexia Morley we miss Hannah I mean yeah though so we don't need us he's done he's done though not let it go to the doctor by London dangling with that speed can be so mean though bit or maybe that can meet D. N. on the heavy desk analyses by NASA become thus even estimate until after the globe coming he handled Cassillis yet been induced if if you're not on a new sort of woke you need to get a new SA sin that we think that mass of the soul medical back down into the sea in processing the queue jumping across so he left it up manually fiddling with CNN on this on the table if the effect of UK even a little though who owned the Akademi destino none leaky see that on the main section of the theoretical Nico I lift of the union address not tomorrow who took him books they scooted effective with us on the head asinine but it'll be asinine internet maybe most if walk under it effect us in the stands also took a month maybe don't seek to this stance is quite with us on the clinic as United assembled at the event device I don't mean enough meat didn't sit through credo come yet they don't come near us and don't let the fans and the latest unsafe empathy they have dozens of did he show north I had to just doesn't know so don't know if the devil you know had to come home but get the that they excel in Calif sake don't ignore personalities tense yeah bill if begins our but at least dance yes more to my head and it nipple got to it in effect don't is infinite desi matter putting him bill that is done simply let it yet so I can be your board moving beyond that throughout the week off cool discipline them and it is so cool purple beam of maybe this I see no secret that use of your own a physical abuse you're not using god date you might be keep phone run the Vodrey Weiss Gibbons 70 support the end maybe pacey cemented his done see who somebody last city DVD understands yeah and it behooves at kilo Mickey's dominant you no matter that he stands double what you all want to sound Yaseen which at that last point which you see in peace because the settlers outlet that not all he etcetera etcetera CDS invoke the onion thing bliss the gossiping done monthly vain deceit MP 7:00 to eat does that take though it is the on the head of the test you're not associate that fate only throws the knife that also need us because I will not go on will lead to economic just inadequate or no in the left out of the Luciana and needing stubby CNN may give you balk at pacey also it'll it'll enhance Fort Washington that early bushings done in may give in this yet in these talks interferometer thing in my last city give yeah candidates center what took you know Mr him best CEO separately come in because you wouldn't menus demo median deliveries that insanity stance yeah entity that ghastly if they pass yeah does it picked artists on Maury Maury Maury sensing some still meant a lot pacey so that when but they see Methos but the lesson netiquette a moment he'd been in the past year some academic muddied it'll hit because it then we'll be in the toilet dimple in does it but at least he needed effect us on that and that's analogous on affect the hypertrophy secretly they've been about is that it though that that delegates for the money thing he'd lost the beatific does look at look at but it's in the seat of a no one no one intellect instead he ended and we can see if Thomas that mean underneath and that is nasty wound that can you estimate that none of he and I thought that that delicious E. if thou must study in my family since you you that gate work to make it a lot of heavy in north Dallas I seem to surface and bias Peter jacket Yamato mother that no but some of the non hobbit now that there's some of it but and the but if it's at the money that the footnote missus even at the Benaissa not sort of India a cat dodecyl that saved him today been Dogmeat teens set the mosques and those that deck Doris well known that I'm destined in those that they don't have been with us and yeah I could you know seek look if they see an empty to the frequency that with a guy yet eternal move through some of those that that Douglas you know the heavy casino not miss it will certainly still see no keep the goofy conduct a form of the own that book you wanted to see it giving the Yahoo he don't need to just force you a number C. normal so no I think that me measurement they add humus if we if we want I'd be CPU gonna put him okay it a third of the budget that any but the most of it I think the sweetness of it but it's there but it does not only say come and send it to us yet but could not get ya mas that you hadn't even at road we don't yes yeah though but I think because although there the commandment of the Decalogue if bullion meditech also Cindy fumed at me one maybe most open on the efficacy of but to get it up the middle happy middle they have destiny local 90 feet instead of these 10 cent what do I mean listen medical gardens the required of you know CSA lunatics yet so matchy capital to Latvia movie come the incentive and I thought that I think if this unknown that they ask you Gimbel known that is so eager and also don't know who that one medley him patent this you could tattle that's that is the highest of them most because it would be nice I gifted equipment acidic which had left but he made the earth not the Sims are that's the one that mac could be deathly that will be my fax you on this day whom though the east of the Hubble here Negus Guinness attacks in the same window into eternal mon don then that Syria don't think that he wore who will lead the song this comedian though say in in that he F. C. in this affordable if I'm Melissa a one a miss it but that said one of them it's almost a god and penny and an observer nothing panda panda by now I'm of canasta gate so is it which had acquittals all I don't even equipment and Hindemith pay one valid and even Hyundai destinadas now it is unethical you know what I said even home that and this young man this when the water hit it big on that on Pickett Stephen employ senior in excellent bill until but the feeling of money said the super l'acadie CF but Agassi Villaret Cassie yes 71 via the policia Cedric but a blasted but an able seaman but haven't yet if Ian then we don't invest if equity issue doesn't mind up with Sandvik overflows unit does not I see them no money that the 50 MP name what yeah no surprise to look with this picture because when the simian Encino but primitive alias it's even if that is it was apparent that some hefty who do you see that looking hacu models yes Elise look axiom of Cardassians I also don't know who that they CD key last one that I guess in 90 since Harry fancied via Burkett them most Abdin don't and lemonade look at it when you notice delta or the most visible and know that Hey if that is just at that little hole in the head electromagnetic I would have for the most group chat in 17000000 that is so our own the close second I meet that knocks on on that I guess you're not yeah let me know noses big noses they even when we're not taking on RC yeah they on the dentist and then I'm across the but about probably meant that a man would just yet but we must etcetera show that no not yet at that that that a lot bigger last known that movement hello microcytic who would have guessed you 9 yeah peace even by how we don't tell them what took him for that he vowed that no no he had in essence you know I put a circle seems so that none of he has a body that S. insipidus yes yes they must but at best said king of quina protested no teeth are which is the most interested in any comments and I needed gas simplicity that don't have mass and scenic he not get that done depressed said no some of them have added mass at work you don't need a ha ha but I still got that look at 71 decide the only done 1 good and so on see knock it down the end them 0 look to hope he does but how that affects you on that that is a note don't miss get sick on them and we never had a -100 Nazi doughnut will hit on me I'm obligated if these are not done to him nothing and acceptance in the on the scene so you got a list bum a hobo they debated I will see you in anticipate Norman north and that's the dodany Bechtel enormous frantic about life that yeah not worth a seed game hardly Advil will not listen to you and credible whatever and I think they had for the most good tad it doesn't matter Lee will use your men left in Armenia Siegel more one of any known then does the copy of climate ones I'd seen immortal sedating once Anita it's delicious happiness and comedians no hosta that is sad he got me no less ciencia a mulatto we've added either but no more yadda he is fun Duncan when you dance internacionales this in defeat got the upper hand on a keeper is immortal by you sick to whom does it doubles as Uganda go through it if they got Nina when the law says eyes and gone done today Venus he got the reason though I only heard it would no doubt be spending less that //
"2017-10-23 15:17:37"
Lessons from the longest study on human development | Helen Pearson
\\today I want to confess something to you but first we're going to ask you a couple of questions how many people here have children and how many of you are confident that you know how to bring up your children in exactly the right way okay I don't see too many hands going up about 6 months announce my confession to about 3 boys spent 39 and 12 unlike you unlike most parents the honest truth is I have pretty much no idea what I'm doing I know I would be happy and healthy in that lives but I don't really know what I'm supposed to do to make sure that they are happy and healthy I mean the so many books out there offering all kinds of conflicting advice that can be really overwhelming so I spent most of our lives just making it up as I go along however something changed me a few years ago when I came across a little secret that we have in question it's how we become more confident about how I bring up my own children when it's revealed a lot about how we as a society can help all children I want to show that secret with you today for the last 70 years scientists in Britain happy following thousands and thousands of children through their lives as possible incredible scientific study there's nothing quite like it anywhere else in the world collecting information on thousands of children is a really powerful thing to do because it means we can compare the ones who say do in that school and up happy or healthy or wealthy as adults are the ones who struggle much more and then we can sit through the information we've collected a try to work out why the lights turned out different split your study it's actually kind of crazy story so it'll start back in 1946 just a few months after the end of the war when scientists want to deny what it was like for women to have a baby at the time they carried out this huge survey of mothers and ended up recording the best of nearly every baby born in England Scotland and Wales in one week that was nearly 14000 babies the questions they Aussies woman but then a very different in the ones we much else today they some really old fashioned now they often things like during pregnancy did you get a full extra ration of a point of milk a day how much did you spend on smokes corsets white dresses knickers on Bosnia has and this is my favorite one who looks off your husband while you were in bed with this baby now this was one study actually ended up being so successful that scientists did it again they recorded the path to thousands of babies born in 1958 and thousands more in 1970 they did it again in the early 19 nineties and again at the turn of the millennium altogether more than 70000 children have been involved in the studies across those 5 generations because the British birth cohorts and scientists of going back and recorded more information on one of these people every few years ever since the amount of information that's not been collected on these people is just completely mind boggling it includes thousands of paper questionnaires and terabytes worth of computer data scientists also built up a huge bank of tissue samples which includes lots of had mail clippings baby teeth in daylight they've even collected 9000 placentas from some of the best which about pickles in plastic buckets in a secure storage warehouse this whole project has become unique so now with the coach in the world is tracking generations of children in quite the ski style these are some of the best study people on the planet and the data has become incredibly valuable for scientists generating well over 6000 academic papers and books but today I want to focus on just one finding perhaps the most important discovery to come from this remarkable study but it's also the one that spoke to me personally because it's about how to silence to do the best for our children so let's get the bad news out the way fast but the biggest message in this remarkable study is this don't be born into poverty orange disadvantage because if you are a former likely to walk difficult path in life many children in this study were born into poor families ... into working class families the hatch crumbs homes of other problems and it's clear now that those disadvantaged children have been more likely to struggle almost every school they've been more likely to do worse at school to land up with Wes jokes into unless money now maybe that sounds really obvious but some of the results have been really surprising sorry children have a tough start in life also likely to end up on healthy as adults the more likely to be at the White have high blood pressure and the decades down the line more likely to have a fading memory poor health uneven to Tagliavia now I told by what happens lesa but some of these differences emerged to really shockingly early age in one study children who are growing up in poverty almost a year behind the richer children what educational tests and that was by the age of just 3 these types of differences to be found again and again across the generations it means that our early circumstances a profound influence on the way that the rest of our lives tryouts and working out why that is this one of the most difficult questions that we face today so that we have it the first US of a successful life everyone is this choose your parents very carefully don't be born into a poor family owing to a struggling family now I'm sure you can see the small problem here we caught use all parents so how much they earn but this pushes studies also struck a real native optimism by showing that not everyone who has a disadvantage stopped and suffering defeat in difficult circumstances as you know many people have a tough start tonight but they end up doing very well in some measure nevertheless this study starts to explain how so the second lesson is this parents really matzah in this study children you had engaged interested parents once you have ambitions for the future were more likely to escape from a difficult start it seems the parents what they do of really really important especially in the first few years of life let me give an example of that in 1 study so it's just up to about 17000 children who were born in 1970 they sifted through the mountains of data that they had collected to choice workouts what about the children you've had a difficult start in life to go on and do other school nevertheless in other words which ones beat the odds the data show the what matters more than anything else was parents having engaged interested parents in those first few years of life strongly linked to children going on to do well at school like your own if not quite small things that parents do associated with good outcomes for children talking and listening to a child responding to the warmly teaching them the letters and numbers taking them on trips and visits reading to children every day seems to be really important to so in one study children whose parents were reading to them daily when they were 5 and then showing an interest in their education at the age of 10 was significantly less likely to be in poverty at the age of 30 than those whose parents went doing those things now there're huge challenges with interpreting this type of science the study showed that certain things that parents do a correlated with good outcomes for children but we don't necessarily know that those behaviors schools to good outcomes whether some other factor was getting in the way for something we have to take genes into account and that's a whole other token itself so it is working with this British study working really hard to guess it causes and this is one study particularly love in this one that up to the bedtime routines of about 10000 children born at the turn of the millennium with the children going to bed at regular times which if they go to bed at different times during the week the data showed that those children who are going to buy that different times more likely to have behavioral problems and then those that switched having regular bedtimes often showed an improvement in behavior that was really crucial because it suggested it was the bedtime routines were really helping things get better for those kids yes and I don't think about in this one scientists that to children who were reading for pleasure that means that they picked Hoffa a magazine ... a picture book a storybook the data showed that children who have reading for pleasure at the ages of 5 and 10 were more likely to go on in school better on average on school test later in their lives but not just just reading but Tessa spelling a Maxwell this study really try to control for the confounding factors that lead to children who were equally intelligent I came to the same social class backgrounds so it seemed as if it was the reading which really help those children going in school better on their school tessellation now lives now at the start of the first lesson from the study was not to be born into poverty went to disadvantage because those children tend to follow more difficult pulse in our lives but then I said the parenting matches and that good parenting if you can call it that helps children beat the odds overcome some of those early disadvantages so wait does that actually mean ban the poverty doesn't match rough jewel you could argue it doesn't matter if a child is born poor so that parents are good parents are going to do just fine I don't believe that's true this study shows the poverty and parenting masa one study actually put figures on that so it looked to children who are growing up and persistent poverty and how well they were doing at school the data shows that even when the parents were doing everything right they were putting me to bed on time meeting tonight we die and everything else but only got those children so far good parenting really reduce the educational gap between the rich and poor children by about 50 percent now that means the poverty needs of really lasting scar and it means that if we really want to ensure the success wellbeing of the next generation than tackling child poverty is an incredibly important thing to do now what does all this mean for you and may other lessons here we can all take I would use or is a scientist and a journalist I'd like to have some silence to inform my parenting and I can tell you that when you're shouting your kids to go to bed on time it really helps to have the scientific literature on your site I wouldn't be great to think that we have to do to have happy successful children was Ted talk to them and be interested in the future but the to bed on time and give him a book to read out job would be done now as you can imagine the US is a quiet aren't try to simply was fat the one thing the study that's what happens to thousands and thousands of children on average but that doesn't necessarily say what would help my child or your child or any individual child in the end each about children is going to walk the right path and that's partly defined by the genes that Harrison of course school the experiences they have to their lives including their interactions with us that parents I will tell you what awaited ultralights Ylvis it's embarrassing I realized I was so busy working and ironically learning advising about some credible study of British children that there were days when I hardly even spoke to my own British children so I'm winter just talking time which is just 15 minutes at the end of the day when we talk and listen to the boys actually better now Austin what they did today but to show that I value what they do at school of course I make sure they would have a book to read I tell them I'm a basis for their future and I think they can be happy and do great things I don't know of any of that will make a difference but I'm pretty confident if I do them any harm and it might even do them some good ultimately if we weren't happy children all we can do is listen to the silence and of course listen to our children themselves thank you //
"2017-10-20 15:25:28"
What I learned as a prisoner in North Korea | Euna Lee
\\recently he wrote about what the young generation of workers one in Harvard Business Review one thing that stuck out to me it was doing just talk about the impact but make an impact I'm a little building you well maybe much older than you but he sees the detectives thing going that I had when I was in college I wanted to make my own impact for those who leave on their injustice the reason that I became a documentary don't always the reason I became a prisoner in North Korea 440 days it was March 19 got on line it's his Saint Patrick's day for all of you but is what's the date that turned my life upside down my team and I were making a documentary about north Korean refugees leading the little human life in China we were at the border it was our last day of filming their snow wire fence or bars or sign to show that is the border but these these a place where a lot of north Korean defectors use attendees kicked Robert it was still winter and the river was frozen when we're in the middle of the river on the frozen river with swimming about the condition of the chords weather and the environment the north Koreans had to deal with it when basic for freedom and suddenly one of my team members shouted source so I looked back indoors to see more soldiers in green uniform with the rifles chasing after us we all ran as fast as we could I pray that we select them she might have and I was thinking that if my sweets are on Chinese soil all be safe and I made it to Thomas then I saw my colleague Laura mean fell on her knees I didn't know what to do at the shore moment but I knew that I can now these are long there which set you know I can feel my legs in a flash we wore surrounded by these 2 creencia Ritter's there were not much bigger than us but they were determined to take us to their army base I bag thing yell for any kind of health hoping that someone would show up from China here I was being stubborn words latrines Georgia with a gun and looked at his eyes he was just a boy at the moment he raised his right foot he but I saw that he was hesitating his eyes were shaken and his rifle was filling up in here so I shall I shouted okay okay I'll walk with you and I gotta when we are right that there are new babies my head was spinning with this worst case scenarios and my colleague statement wasn't helping she said we are the enemy she was right we were the enemy and I was supposed be frightened to but I kept having this odd experiences it's time an officer Brummies quote to keep me what is because I lost my court when the frozen raver wire battling with the small of searchers I would tell you what I mean by these odd experience I grew up in South Korea to us North Korea was always the enemy even before I was born 0 Norse had been under armistice for 63 years things end of the Korean War and growing insults in the eighties and nineties we are top propaganda about North Korea and we heard so many graphic stories such as a leader young boy being brutally killed by nursery north Korean spice because he's just said I don't like coming or a watch did this cartoon series about young south Korean boy defeating these fat deep red pick which represented the north Korea's first leader at the time and the fact that we're hearing this horror stories over and over institute one word in a young mine in the and I think at some point I dehumanize them and the people of North Korea became he created it with the north Korean government now back to my detention they would second day or being in a cell I had not slept since I was out at the border these young garter came to my cell and offered the Mideast's Maurer Boyett a and said the suit give you strength to keep going do you know what it is like receiving a smart kindness in enemy hands whenever they were kind to me I thought the worst case what's waiting for me after the chiton and one officer noticed my nervousness that do you think we were or dis read geeks referring the cartoon that I just showed you every day was like a psychological battle the interrogator had me sit at a table stay for a week and had me writing dollar about my journey might work over and over until I brought down the completion that day when it here about 3 months of attention the North Korea Crean court sentencing fifth may 12 years in a labor camp so I was just sitting in my room to be transferred at the time I really have nothing else to do so I paid attention to keys to female guards and listening on what they were talking about guard a was order and she studied English she seemed like she came from on the floor and family she often short ugly this color for juristic than men love to show off and guard be was younger one and she was a really good singer she loved to sing is filling the ons my heart will go on sometimes too much she just knew how to torture me without knowing a and discourse but a lot of time in the morning to put on makeup like you can see in any younger strife and the love to watch these Chinese drama a better quality of production and I remembered guard bees that I can no longer watch our TV shows after watching these she got squirted for degrading her on countries produced TV show guard be had the more of a free mind that guard age and she got often courted by guard a whenever she express self one day they invited Ortiz female colleagues I don't know where that came from to where I was held in the invited me to their guard Strom and that if for one nice fans really happen in the US this this is the country where young couples are not even allowed toward hands in public I have no idea where they got this information but there were chiding giggling even before I said anything we I think we were forgot that I was their prisoner and it was like going back to my high school classroom and I learned that the scores or soul grew up watching a similar cartoon but just propaganda towards South Korea and the US I certainly understand where these papers anger was coming from he's got a screw up learning that we are enemies it was just natural that they would hate us just as I fear that but at the moment we were just old cars who share the same interests beyond our infidelities that separate off I shared history through the my boss at current TV at that time after I came home his first reaction was you not have you heard Stockholm syndrome yes and I clearly remember the feeling of fear being threatened N. tension rising up between me and the interrogator when we talk about politics there definitely was a wall that we couldn't climb over but we were able to see each other as human beings when we talk about family everyday life importance of a future of our children it was about a month before I came home I got really sick guard be stopped by my room to stick by because she was the leading that fiction center she made sure that normal itself knowing yourself and quietly said I hope you get better and go back to your family soon it is these people the officer for broadening his quote the guard who offered me aboard a these female guards who asked me about dating life in the US they are the ones that I remember often or Scrivia Schuman just like us north Korean Finn I were not in buster all of our countries I believe that we were representing the human race now I'm back home back to my life the memory of this people has blurred as time has passed and I mean this place where I read and share about North Korea provoking the U. S. I realize how easy these see them at an enemy acting but I have to keep reminding myself that when I was over there I was LTC humanity or hatred in my enemies I but you //
"2017-10-19 14:32:57"
3 fears about screen time for kids -- and why they're not true | Sara DeWitt
\\I would start by thinking about this device the phone that's very likely in your pockets right now over 40 percent of Americans check their phone within 5 minutes of waking up every morning and then they look at it another 50 times during the day grown ups consider this device to be a necessity but now I want you imagine it in the hands of a 3 year olds and as a society we get anxious parents are very worried that this device is gonna stomp their children social growth that it's going to keep them from getting up and moving that somehow this is going to disrupt childhood so I want to challenge this attitude I can envision a future where we would be excited to see a preschooler interacting with the screen these screens can get can get kids up and moving even more they have the power to tell us more about what a child is learning that a standardized test can and here's the really crazy thought I believe that the screens have the power to prompt more real life conversation between kids and their parents now I was perhaps an unlikely champion for this because I studied children's literature because I was going to work with kids and books but about 20 years ago I had an experience that shifted my focus I was helping lead a research study about preschoolers and websites and I walked in and I was assigned a 3 year old's name Maria and Maria had actually never seen a computer before so the first thing I had to do with teacher how to use the mouse and when I opened up the screen she moved across the she headed across the screen and she stopped on a character named acts the our and when she did that the owl lifted is waiting and waved at her and Maria drops the mouse pushed back from the table leapt out and started waving frantically back at him her connection to that character was Cicero this was a passive screen experience this was a human experience and it was exactly appropriate for 3 girls so I know where to PBS kids for more than 15 years and my work there is focused on high harnessing the power of technology as a positive in children's lives I believe that as a society we're missing a big opportunity relating our fear and our skepticism about these devices hold us back from realizing their potential in our children's lives and fear about kids and technology is nothing new we've been here before over 50 years ago the debate was raging about the newly dominant media the television that box in the living room it might be separating kids from one another it might keep them away from the outside world this is the moment when Fred Rogers the long running host of Mister Rogers neighborhood challenge society to look at television as a tool a tool that can promote emotional growth here's what he did he looked up from the screen and he held a conversation as if he were speaking to each child individually about feelings and then he would products and let them think about them you can see his influence across the media landscape today but at the time this was revolutionary he shifted the way we were looking at television in the lives of children so today it's not just one box kids are surrounded by devices and I'm also a parent I understand the feeling of anxiety but I want us to look at 3 common fears that parents have and see if we can shift our focus to the opportunity that's in each of them so fear number one screens are passive if it's going to keep our kids from getting up and moving Chris craft and Martin Kratz or zoologist brothers to host a show about animals called wild cracks and the approach the PBS team to say creature something with those cameras that are built into every device now could those cameras capture a very natural kid play patter pretending to be animals so we started with bats and when kids came into play this game bail loved seeing themselves on screen with wings but my favorite part of this when the game was over and we turned off the screen the kids kept being backs they kept flying around the room they can't veering left to right to catch mosquitoes and he remembered things he remembered that backs quiet nights and they remembered that when bad sleep they hang upside down and fold their wings and this game definitely got kids up and moving but also now when kids go outside did they look at a bird and think bird flight differently that flew whenever acts the digital technology prompted embodied learning the kids can now take out into the world so fear number 2 playing games on the screens is just a waste of time it's going to distract children from their education game developers know that you can learn a lot about a player's skill by looking at the back end data where did a player pause where did they make a few mistakes before they found the right answer and my team wanted to take this tools that and apply it academic learning our producer in Boston WGBH created a series of curious George games focused on math and researchers came in and had ATV preschoolers play these games they then gave all 80 of those preschoolers a standardized math test we did see early on that these games are actually helping kids understand some key skills but our partners at UCLA wanted us to dig deeper they focus on data analysis than student assessments and they wanted to take that backends gameplay data and see if they could use it to protect a child map scores today they made a neural nets they specially trained at the computer to use this data and here the results this is a subset of the children's standardized math scores and this if the computer's prediction of each child score based on playing some curious George games the prediction is astonishingly accurate especially considering the fact that these games weren't built for assessment the team that did the study believes the games like these can teach us more about a child's cognitive learning then a standardized test cat what if games could reduce testing time in the classroom what if they could reduce testing anxiety how could they give teachers snapshots of insight to help them better focus their individualized learning so the third fear I want to address is the one that I think it's often the biggest and that's that's these screens are isolating me from my child so let's play out a scenario let's say that you are a parents and you need 25 minutes of uninterrupted time to get dinner ready in order to do that you hand a tablet to your 3 year old now this is a moment where you probably feel very guilty about what you just said but now imagine that 20 minutes later you receive a text message on that cellphone that's always within arm's reach and it says Alex just matched 5 rhyming words asking to play this game with you can you think of a word that rhymes with cats or how about ball in our studies when parents receive simple tips like bees they felt empowered they were so excited to play these games at the dinner table with their kids and the kids loved it too not only did I feel like magic that their parents knew what they'd been playing kids love to play games with their parents just the act of talking to kids about their media can be incredibly powerful last summer Texas Tech University published a study that the show Daniel tiger's neighborhood could promote empathy the development of empathy among children but there is a really important patch to the study the greatest benefit was only when the parents talk to kids about what they watched neither just watching nor just talking about it was enough it was the combination that was key so when I read the study I started thinking about how rarely parents of preschoolers actually talk to kids about the contents of what they're playing with they're watching and so I decided to try it with my 4 year olds I said we've played card game earlier today and Benjamin perked up and said yes it did you see that I made my car out of a pickle it was really hard to open the trunk this whole areas conversation about what was fine in the game the what could have been better continue all the way to school that morning I'm not here to suggest to you that all digital media is great for kids there are legitimate reasons for us to be concerned about the current state of children's content on the screens and it's right for us to be thinking about balance we're just screens fit against all the other things that a child needs to do to learn and to grow but when we fixate on our fears about it we forget a really major points and that is the big kids are living in the same world we live in the world for the grown ups check their phones more than 50 times a day screens are part of children's lives and if we forget if we pretend that they aren't or if we get overwhelmed by our fear kids are never going to learn how and why to use them what if we start raising our expectations for this media when we start talking to kids regularly about the content on the screens what if we start looking for the positive impacts that this technology can have in our children's lives that's when the potential of these tools can become a reality thank you for //
"2017-10-18 14:55:25"
What teen pregnancy looks like in Latin America | Christian Rodríguez
\\for the last bite years I have the commented the lives of Dinesh mothers leading America I started with a series of photographs about the moment of birth in my country would away the I am the son of a teenage mother and my sister began emptiness mother when she was 16 I begin to burn the theme the what I understand myself and my origins in developing countries 7.3000000 girls under the age of 18 Gifford the cheer Chris checked on suggest that the team pregnancy rate in Latin America would be the highest in the war for the next 18 years in Mexico almost wanting to sexually active of a lesson get but not between the ages of 12 to 19 year so the next pregnancy is not just about young pregnancies it is about gender violence free sicker symbolic psychological and economic violence girls who become pregnant before they're 18 Riley a team and I think what the sun than a pleading the button of poverty and limited access to education health care on a common thread among teen pregnancies if a guillotine America get pregnant before she 16 the risk of my time out there increases for for over a woman in their twenties and somehow in spite of all of these motherhood wasn't but the status every spake to the adolescent in her community her child became civilized person a high percentage of girls under the age of 18 are single mothers how was my mommy when I was learning to be a parent I begin to focus the relationship between father and child a sub to not only give you much attention I wanted to highlight the ways in which we need to wait okay Boyce differently without someone them into my German in some cases formalism bush is good but not guns the persistent empting pregnancy heightened the gender equity god and the continued existence of traditional roles if you were to allow equal opportunities to go they could gain independence if you can't then goes key to break in cycles of being pregnancies goes getting pregnant me doing that cases of 10 to 14 I'm extremely vulnerable population have become is a break from mon to either raise there are many cases of violence insist in sexual abuse perpetrated against who this is Gloria she began to be mother they took 12 it was some of them going abused by her father who was so so red being noticed you sister aged 8 and 16 and this portrait because butterfly in her her symbols of resurrection for me it's extremely important to portray this mother with dignity bring us is among those younger than 15 it's a growing trend not only Latin America but many developing countries in the world how will rations his mother by by social and could draw inequalities anti pregnancy further increases visit by I am committed to be part of the solution by making what that thing Beastie and emphatically because for human right for girls the very life brushes for boys and girls begin similar the next pregnancy would decrease thank you it //
"2017-10-17 15:01:02"
The warmth and wisdom of mud buildings | Anna Heringer
\\with the end of October in the mountains in Austria I was down a few took Britain architecture students from Zurich and when we reached I have a high Willie a surprise them with the news that there was no hot of orchard booked for the night it was not a mistake it was totally on purpose the challenge was to put our own shows that with whatever we could find and we also live was quoted was really tough and it was a great learning experience to discover that there are lots of resources given by nature for free and all that we did is our sensitivity to see them and no creativity to use them I found myself name similar situation but it was an architect to students about 13 years ago I want to bring others to remote will explode to deport with the aim to decide on both the schools Matthews's protect I had lived in that village before when I was 19 and the volatility chicka about medicine in Joe for rural development and what I had learned from them bust at the most sustainable strategy for food sustainable development is to cherish and to use your very own resources some potential and not get depend on external factors and this is what I try to do with my architecture as well in terms of suitable building materials for my school I didn't have to look far the right under my feet not earth dirt played however your Colette's and bamboo that was going on around electricity in remote from that this is rare but we didn't need it we had you met and achieve and people are happy to have a very Tucson issue too but with these guys water buffaloes we have also tried a bit close but interestingly there were 2 intelligence they're always stepping in the holes of the previous wrong they wouldn't mix that's not this off this and which are the ingredients on the walls and except a small team of consultants like my partner for realization like of us look at my boss could you because in the monitor it was all of those from Crofton from the religious so and this is the Mecca school of the 6 months of construction thank you notes peering earth wasn't really wrong to school and a large bamboo structures that brings the lightness and that's the classroom on the ground floor touched it on the case the for reading for snuggling for solo work from meditation for playing and that also other top the children all signed with the names have been gonna hit the doors and they did not on a sign those up building the school and I'm sure you all have your hands and mother play before it's wonderful to talk to I love it the children loved it and can you imagine the feeling of a small boy or a girl or an electric deliver a standing in front of the school building and knowing that you both this out of the ordinary bamboo and that just the dirt underneath your feet using nothing but your hands that just sucks an enormous boost trust and confidence in your self from the community and then the material especially mod has a very poor image what we think of mud with think of dirt it oddly it's non durable and this is the image I want to change in fact it's the eleventh rainy season for the school now really harsh horizontal monsoon rains and the walls are standing strong so how does that work first through a good Sunday soon that keeps the war drive from the grounds and second to a good roof the protects from the top a third room erosion control not laws need speed breakers and order so that the rainwater cannot run down the walls tests and the speed breakers could be lines of bamboo ... stones or order store mixed into the much just like a hidden needs trees or rocks in order to prevent it to brand erosion works just the same way and people always ask me if I have to its amends to the month and the answer is no there is no stabilizer no coating on these walls only in the foundation so this is the goes up off the wall after 10 years sifting then rainy season and as much as I grew a bit older the war got some wrinkles as well the edges might be a sharp as before but it still looks pretty good and if it needs repairing it is really easy to do it just take the broken parts naked what's and put it back on the wall and it will look the same as before wished it would recommend to how yeah and the great thing is if an earth wall is not needed anymore can go back to the ground that came from turn into a garden or get fully recycled without any loss of quality this no other material that can do this and this is why modest soul excellent in terms of environmental performance what about the economic sustainability when we're both the school and a practical lift on the construction sites and in the evening I used to go over the ruckus to the market and I could see how this but the money and the work by the vegetables from the neighbors they would get a new haircut or a new plus from the tailor and because of the because the main part of the building budget was spent on craftsmanship school wasn't just the building it became a ria catalysts for local development and that may may have been if I have to sign to school in cement and steel this money would have been exported and lust for those not families I the building but at that time was €35000 probably double by now and this is a lot of money for that region especially because this money is very clear but the nephew community and rotating fast and not on the stock market so when it comes to the sustainability the economic sustainability of my project my main question is who gets the profits how many of you in here from experience living in a mud house Chris Andersen was your hand but you could yeah seems totally out of focus but approximately 3000000000 people all around the planet a living in both houses and it is a traditional building material in Europe just as much as in Africa strange enough not is not considered mercy of being studied at universities so I brought the dirt to harm it precisely 60 total stood right in front of the main facade of the greatest school of design students and faculty rolled up the sleeves got their hands dirty and transform the front end to a warm place for people together children work lined the structure skaters would write the ram students having lunch breaks and it was particular fascinating to see how many people were touching the wall and we usually don't gore on seducing caressing Alfa Saens right I'm of course this was as Moore's Kaypro ticked at that in terms of Iran us building in terms of education was like and are the coupons to trigger points and insects in more and more countries earth instructors load bearing earth instructors are not allowed to be built anymore also that traditional and has lost it for hundreds of years and not because the material is weak but because there are no architects and engineers who know how to do it that material so education on all levels for crofts non engineers and and architects is really strong and natives equally important its technological developments like prefabrication developed by my colleague Milton though was in Austin artist and an expert in in ... some structures and his creative technologists for rent earth elements of prefabrication affect rammed earth elements that include insulation wall heating from Corning's and all sorts of electrical fittings that can be layoffs multistory buildings and this is important in order to scale up in order to false not the proces dislike in the record or something in Switzerland and finally we need to goods both protects the proof you can both with an ancient material in the very modern way it is not a matter how old the material is it's a matter of how creative ability to use it today this work some dysarthria also if they did it in China in the in the village boasts about 6:00 hours by bus from Shanghai that's what shape is smoking banned book and then such core is stones and rammed earth and it is a traditional building material even large parts of the great wall of China has been built with rammed earth but it's getting replaced by concrete and this chance it's happening very fast within only a couple of years China has consumed more cement than the United States in that entire twenties century and this chunks of replacing that'll building materials with materials that require a lot of energy that our energy intensive and that's a bit CO 2 is really clearly contributing to climate change and we have alternatives such as knowledge stones timber bamboo earth that are totally effective options for all sorts of purposes this for example is an office building that we did for Omicron electoral nose in Austria not itself before the planet but also for the human body is and the material is low tech but the performance is high tech the earth wars keeper highly sophisticated tools in that building safe but naturally recollecting moisture and this war in my own home is a unifier we love our 6 tons of dirt the tone not only because it's healthy and sustainable it's our cart warmth is touching deep within my personal dream is to both the Marx skyscraper right in Manhattan I yeah and this dream isn't so crazy if you think of the Matsu deck of Saddam in Yemen that most books in the sixteenth century and how it's lost it's now 500 years what was possible that long ago is possible today as well and we can apply all our technical know how to apply to this ancient materials so that it meets our needs and our dreams all around the house just below ... feats a wonderful Netto building the tears let's use them and I deeply believe our hose Oberg space is our cities would become what healthy and sustainable and more humane a beautiful thank you the I //
"2017-10-16 15:24:07"
Future tech will give you the benefits of city life anywhere | Julio Gil
\\today more than half of the world's population lives in cities the religious on process stepped into the late 17 hundreds and has been increasing since that the prediction is I 2050 66 percent of the population will live in cities and the United Nations the World Health Organization the World Economic Forum are warning us if we don't plan for increased density current price you know cities like inequality congestion crime can only get worse as a result lumped under since the developers are putting in a lot of effort and creativity NB sign in our future vencer bigger cities I have a different opinion I think race Asians actually which in the end the recycle and now people are going to some win back to the countryside then you may think what what about the trend well let me tell you social commitments though last forever no 12000 years ago aumbry body was definitely happy roaming the land hunting gathering and that different senses and the thing is too high uniform uncomfortable Huntley changes again we'll get to the industrial revolution actually that is what started the racism Rosi's and you know what triggered it steam power machines new chemical processes in 2 words technological innovation and everything nobody can also bring their end of the cycle I've been working on innovation for most of my career I love it I love myself it allows me to work with domes with 3 printers and smart glasses and not just those you come by the shop but also prototypes it fell in love fun sometimes now some of the sting nobody's are opening new possibilities that will radically change the way we do things before N. in a few years they may allow us to enjoy the benefits of city life from anywhere think about it if you could leave in place with a lower crime rates and more space and a lower cost of leading and this traffic course what many people want that but they feel they don't have a choice you have to live in the city well in the past people notice it is not because they love this itself before the things you can have in the city more you opportunities easier access to services and goods and that which social life so Mr deeper more jobs M. career opportunities is a see through today because the office people are something to realize that working in the office and been in the office may not be the same thing anymore according to a study by global workplace analytics more than 80 percent of the US workforce we lucked would like to work from home and do you know how much it costs for a company to even have an office $11000 per employee 30 year if only how awful the voters did it work even 50 percent time the savings in this faith will scene $500000000000 any good reviews greenhouse gases by 54000000 thongs that is the equivalent of 10000000 cars over the streets for hold you here but even though most people will want to telework current technology makes this pianists isolating it's it's not comfortable it doesn't feel like being there that is going to change by the convergence of 2 technologies argumentative reality and telepresence robots how many developing already today allows is to take your office environment everywhere with you all you need is a world computer embarrassment glasses and you can take your emails and just bracelets with you wherever you go end video conferences in vehicles have become very common these days but still need improvement all those little faces on a flat screen sometimes you even know who's talking now we already have something way better than static vehicles your average telepresence robot I call it tell if on a stick you can control become move around you can go to when you look enough it's way better but fucking provoke perfect you know how they say that most human communication is non verbal well the road doesn't give you any of that it it looks like an alien but with the advances in them into reality it will be easy to rub the role in nice hold'em that actually looks almost like a person that'll do it what else does for the robot we go for me are and everybody meets in cyberspace do the couple of years and that will feel is so real you won't tell the difference so what was the next resource people move to cities access to services and goods but today you can do a lot online I'm going to study Megan but comscore only shoppers in the US last year need more than half of the reading purchases online and the global market before equal Murs is estimated to be at $2000000000000 and he's going east just expected to reach 2.38 by that band of 2017 according to eMarketer no from a logistics standpoint this city is good for the leaders supplying goods to sell more it's easy you can send big shipments to the shop then people will go there picking up into your home themselves the commerce means we need the sequences but how come home the leader that's more expensive is like the difference between having a birthday party for 20 people or making a piece of the cake to each of your 20 friends out there please but at least in this city believe close to each other then city helps now commerce deliveries in the countryside those take forever there truck somebody's dive mas reading what others in the next one does are the most expensive the use of all but we already have a solution for that drones in be cool coloring squirrel thrones did I read that some of the uterus well those are flame bucking for from the truck as he moves that way the average cost for did the easiest and voila out for the moon ecommerce services in the countryside you see the new host of our fellow workers will probably how we don't but in the dark so once they find a motherly recent upon you need to be in this city to buy things anymore so that's 2 now what was the fed recently people move to cities and rich social life that we need to be in the city for that is this because people these days may make friends big chat gossip influx from the comfort of them so far and what what in the 50 pajamas a there are over 2000000000 active social media users in the world you know it that makes you think that we are connected no matter where we are but I not don't believe me sometimes you still need some real human contact ironically this CD with his population density is not always the scent best for that US actually as people social groups become smaller they grow stronger and a recent study meeting U. K. by the office for national statistics showed a higher life satisfaction rating home people living in growth areas so I ask people certain in the countryside well they will buy local groceries fresh groceries foodstuff maintenance services so handyman small bookshelves service companies will thrive maybe some of industrial workers from the CDC space body of the mission will find a nice article you'll hear and they will move to and thus people mostly countries have if how's that going to be thinking about out to animals over the houses with solar panels with wind turbines than waste 3 setting you delete these our new homes for using their own energy and use it to also power becoming car thank cities have always been divided as being more energy efficient but let me tell you Republic in the countryside can be equal to by now you're probably thinking on the banks of country living so ID myself 6 years ago my wife and I we popped our stuff we sold a little apartment in Spain and for the same money we bought a house the garden M. little birds like I'm singing in the morning it's soon nice there they will even as mobile it's not me that kind of set it that is going to be my next move the refurbished farmhouse not too far from the city not to close and now will make sure to have a good spot for those 2 land but it that's me it doesn't have to be because it would seem like I'm trying to convince somebody to come join us in the country and not I will need more people to come I just think they will once they realize they can have the same benefits as the house but if you like the country I have good news for you to cities will not disappear but as people move south lowered immensely will help them to color a better flow and violence and I guess now you have some thinking to do the you still think you need to live in the city and more importantly do you want to thank you very much //
"2017-10-13 14:10:54"
Why people of different faiths are painting their houses of worship yellow | Nabila Alibhai
\\we live in a time of fear and our response to fear can either beats it contracts an attempt to guard ourselves or to extend ourselves hold onto each other and face our fears together what is your instincts what do you see more off in the world the problem with the first approach is that in our mounting isolation we divide ourselves from others are a sense of isolation grows because our imagination goes into overdrive about the people and the spaces that we no longer engagement our sense of otherness grows and we used empathy today I'm going to tell you about a group of people that took the global challenge of terrorism and began creating spaces where strangers connect and solidarity my own obsession with what I see as irrational divisions began as a child as a fourth generation canyon a Muslim of Indian origin it bothered me that in 4 generations there wasn't a single marriage in my family outside of my small religious community and I wondered what that was about was it fear it was it racism was it cultural preservation does it have something to do with colonialism certainly we didn't shed a lot of the same public spaces with others these divisions bothered me deeply and they drove my career choices when I was 20 in the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were bombed a year later I was on my way to the Middle East to study conflict resolution and then from that point on it wasn't very hard for me to find and secure environment to work in because the world was quickly shifting in what we now know as the time of terrorism I was in Washington DC when 911 happened and then I moved back home to can that's work with refugees and then later worked in Pakistan and in Afghanistan it all of these places what I noticed was how important physical spaces are making us feel safe and well I like we belong in 2013 I came back home to Nairobi from Afghanistan US above operatives had besieged Westgate shopping center killing 67 people in a day of utter horror soon after that I could see how Nairobi was beginning to change and it was beginning to feel more like the fear and terror we and war torn cities that I'd worked in Nairobi continues to grow in fear driven Wayne's we seem more walls more barriers more security unlike other parts of the world we are experiencing an erosion of human connection divisions along religious lines are deepening and were doubting more and more how much we have in common we're at a pivotal time when we need to restore our confidence in humanity as stand boldly and visit the together the 2014 I brought together group of people in Nairobi to figure out what to do public intellectuals to diplomats artists development workers and the group articulated our challenge as threefold one to reclaim the city from the narrative of terrorism and back into the hands of the people that live there to introduce a language beyond race tribal religion that would help us transcend our differences and 3 provided gesture they would help restore empathy and conversation and trusts one of the people in this group was an artists and architects yes money I believe them he and I have collaborated in other parts of the world over many years he has a history of disrupting urban environments and making strangers connects an incredible beautiful and spectacular ways he had an idea the idea was to unite people of different faiths by getting them to paint each other's houses of worship mosques temples synagogues churches keep them yellow in the name of love but getting people to focus on by focusing on icons of faith we would get people to reexamine the chewed essence of their faith the common belief that we share in kindness generosity and friendship by creating pathways between houses of worship within one neighborhood we would create islands of stability and networks of people that would start with that that could withstand threats and neighbors by picking up a paintbrush with other neighbors would engage not just with their heads but with their hands and with their hearts and the painted buildings would become sculptures in the landscape that speak of people from very different backgrounds stand together we call the projects color in faith we love the idea and we immediately began approaching houses of worship churches temples mosques synagogues door to door we went to more than 16 rabbis imams pastors and priests as you can imagine bringing these communities together when prejudices are reinforced by global pandemic of fear is not easy it was complicated we were confronted with the hierarchy of decision making within religious establishments for example with Catholic churches we were told that the archbishop would have to make a decision and so we wrote a letter to the archbishop we wrote a letter to the Vatican we're still waiting to hear back yeah I with other houses of worship we were told that the patrons the people that pay for the building and there construction and the painting of the buildings would have to make a decision and then we came head to head with the long legacy of missionary and donor dependence that so impedes unconditional civic action and we learned this the hard way there's one communes seeing that and I repeat the conversations would keep asking us to appreciate them and so we would keep going back and telling them that we appreciate them and of course if we don't appreciate them we wouldn't be here and then we learns painfully late in the game that the word appreciation is code for getting paid to participate and so we challenge them and we ask the question so what will it cost how much could repay you and if we pay for your faith is it really fair if we started the project asking the question where does your faith live and here we find ourselves asking the question how much does your faith costs but the most difficult issue with the perceived risk of standing apart we had one synagogue that flat out refused to participate because it feared drawing attention to itself and becoming a target similarly we had a mosque that also feared becoming a target and these fears are justified I am yes there are 25 houses of worship that pledge to participant these both leaders took the gesture and reinforce it with their own meaning for some it was to tell the world that they're not terrorists for others it was to welcome people through their doors to ask questions and for some it was to bridge the gap between the older and the younger generation which by the way something that many faiths are grappling with right now ... and for some it was simply to build neighborhood solidarity in advance a feared election violence when asked why yellow one imam beautifully said yellow is the color of the sun the sun shines in us all equaling it does not discriminate he and others spread the word through their congregations in over the radio municipal government officials stepped forward and helped with permits and with convening civil society organizations a paint company donated 1000 liters of yellow paint mixed especially for us and what we now call optimistic yellow and the poetry collective joined forces with the university and hosted a series of tweet chat that challenge the nation and issues of faith our faith not just in the context of religion but our faith in politicians and tried the Nietzsche and I've faced then the older generation and then the younger generation and then color in faith was launched at a gallery events that advice at an incredible mix of god we go where is and religious leader is an artist from business people already even before picking up a paintbrush we had accomplished so much of the conversation and connection that we hope for him and then we began to plants Muslims stood by Christians and atheists and agnostics at home these and painted a mosque yellow and then they all came together again and painted a church Londo and then another month and then another church poets and musicians perform well we painted we painted in Nairobi and then we painted in Mombassa the local and international press that features and coloring faith in English and French and Swahili and Spanish and smiling CNN highlights that color in faith as a way of bringing communities together and our social media platforms letup can I see more and more people and these neighbors continue to stay on tax there are some that are pursuing politics with a platform of peace and we have communities as far as Argentina and the U. S. and as close as my knee and Wanda that are asking for help and we would love to help it's our dream that this project's this idea spreads across the world with or without our support color in faith is literally highlighting those who mean well and yellow color in faith is binding neighborhoods together and it's our hope that when threats come knocking they will collectively sift fact from rumor and stand in solidarity we've proven that the human family can come together and send a message far brighter and more powerful than the voices of those that wish to do us harm though fear is infectious we're showing but so is hope thank you //
"2017-10-12 13:19:31"
The fascinating secret lives of giant clams | Mei Lin Neo
\\that's who my friends call me Nick names such as the giant lego plan clean all the mother of clans this is because every time I see them I talk nonstop about gangs and all the everyday John glanced at this message and colors we shout marine animals the largest of its kind just look at this hour the biggest recall the individual was 4.5 feet long and weigh about 550 pounds that is almost as heavy as 3 baby elephants South Pacific legends once described Jiang claims as man eaters they would lie in wait on the sea bed to track unsuspecting divus a story goes that a diver had losses lakes or trying to retrieve a poll from a giant fan I thought really so I don't curiosity I did an experiment using myself as the I carefully placed my hand into the clans mouth and reads it who I still had my hand it seems that this gentle giants would ride every tree and protect us as she bodies than fee army so much for this killer clan miss unfortunately the reality is we other Jenkins biggest threat consider it a delicacy throughout the western Pacific and Indian oceans Jiang plans have been traditionally feast a seafood fishermen are particularly interested in god muscles which all this to host the 2 shows together like a hinge just like your muscles Jenkins almost hunted to extinction between the 19 sixties and 19 eighties clam shells are also popular in the on a mental tree as journey and for display in the South China Sea fishermen went out of their way to collect fossilized clam shells by digging to latch areas of Carrey's these were later cost and so SO because I very handy cross in China Jenkins day our allies not safe from us it's a calamity yeah it no with the spotlight on more charismatic marine animals such as the whales and Carrey's it is easy to forget that at the marine life needs our help to my fascination with the giants and got me started on the conservation he sets to feel in the knowledge gets a gay college Jian behavior one of the discoveries that we meet what's that giant plans could walk across the seesaw yes you heard me right they can walk to find out replace numerous baby clams on a grid now watch what happens over 2004 hours we think that walking is imparted for getting away from predators and finding meets for breeding why can be hot the image in any movement in this enormous animals Jiang's ends up to 400 pounds can still walk they just move slower during my PhD I discovered more secrets about the giant clams but there was something missing in my work I found myself asking why should people care about conserving Jiang's lands other than myself off because it turns out the giants and half giant in pay on Carrey's this multitasking claims are vis bill this food factories shelters questions and craps and what the future's all wrote in one in a nutshell Jenkins pay a major contributing row S. residents off their own reform and just having them around keeps their he's healthy and because they can live up to 100 years old Jenkins make vital indicators off Carvey's health so when Jiang sense that to disappear from car he's yeah absence can serve as an alarm bell for scientists to start paying attention similar to the Canary in a coal mine but Jenkins I endanger the largest Clement the wall is facing the threat of extinction we've more than 50 percent off the wall population CV LED Pete that and the ecological benefits of having tanks and some car he's a likely to continue only if populations are how the making of conservation paramount so I stand here today to give a voice to the giant clams because I catalog for these amazing animals and they deserve to be careful it is time for the giants lands to step out of their shells a shuttle they need to can be the heroes of the oceans thank you very much the //
"2017-10-11 13:39:33"
The boost students need to overcome obstacles | Anindya Kundu
\\so I teach college students about inequality and race and education and I like to leave my office open to any of my students who might just want to see me to chat and if you semesters ago one of my more cheerful students mahari actually came to see me and mentioned that he was feeling a bit like an outcast because he's black he just transferred to NYU from a community college on a merit scholarship and turns out only about 5 percent of students and why you are black and so I started remember that I know that feeling of being an outsider in your own community partially what drew me to my work on my university I'm one of the few faculty members of color and growing up I experienced my family social mobility moving out of apartments into a nice house but an overwhelmingly white neighborhood I was 12 and kids would say they were surprised that I didn't smell like curry I that's because school is in the morning and I had and the waffles for breakfast curry's for dinner so in my heart was leaving I asked him how he was coping with feeling isolated and he said that despite feeling lonely he just threw himself at his work that he built strategies around his great and his desire to be successful a mentor of mine is actually doctor Angela Duckworth psychologist at you pan who is defined this stick to it if ness of grit as being the perseverance and passion for long term goals Angelus but his become a best seller and schools across the quiet country particularly charter schools have become interested in citing rates as a core value sometimes great isn't enough or especially in education so in my heart was leaving my office I worried that he might need something more specific to combat the challenges that he mentioned to me as a sociologist I also study achievement but from a slightly different perspective I research students who have overcome immense obstacles related to their background students from low income often single parent households students who have been homeless incarcerated or perhaps and documented or some who have struggled with substance abuse or live through violent or sexual trauma so let me tell you about 2 of the greatest people I've met Thai reek was raised by a single mother and then after high school he fell in with the wrong crowd he got arrested for armed robbery but in prison he started to work hard he took college credit courses so when he got out he was able to get a masters and today he's a manager at a nonprofit Vanessa had to move around a lot as a kid from the Lower East Side Stan I went to the Bronx she was raised primarily by her extended family because her own mother had a heroin addiction yet it 15 Vanessa had to drop out of school and she had a son ever owned but eventually she was able to go to community college get her associates then go to an elite college to finish her bachelor's so some people might hear these stories and say yes those 2 definite have grit they basically pull themselves up by the bootstraps but that's an incomplete picture because what's more important is that they had factors in their lives that helped to influence their agency or their specific capacity to actually overcome the obstacles that they were facing and navigate the system given their circumstances so allow me to elaborate prison tyrant was actually aimless at first as a 22 year old on reikers island this is until an older detainee took him aside and asked him to help with the youth program and in many touring use he start to see his own mistakes and possibilities in the teens this is what I am interested in taking college credit courses and when he got out he got a job with a fortune society where many executives are people who have been formerly incarcerated so then he was able to get a masters in social work and today he even lectures at Columbia about prison for and Vanessa well after the birth of her son she happened to find a program called vocational foundation they gave a $20 bi weekly a metrocard and her first experiences with the computer the simple resources are what helped her get her GED but then she suffered from a very serious kidney failure which particularly problematic because she was only born with one kidney I spent 10 years on dialysis waiting for a successful transplant after that her mentor's a communicative kept in touch with her and so she was able to go and they put her in an honors program and that's the pathway that allowed her to become accepted to one of the most elite colleges for women in the country and she received her bachelor's at 36 setting an incredible example for her young son so what the story is primarily indicate is that teaching is social and benefits from social scaffolding they're factors pushing these 2 in one direction but them tailored mentor ship in opportunities they're able to reflect on their circumstances and resist negative influences the also learn simple skills like developing a network or asking for help things many of his others in this room can forget that we have needed from time to time or can take for granted and when we think of people like this we should only think of them as exceptional but not as exceptions thinking of them as exceptions absolves us of the collective responsibility to help students in similar situations when President Bush Obama now even trump have called education the civil rights issue of our time perhaps we should treat it that way schools were able to think about the agency that their students have and bring to the table when they push them with students wearing can become more relevant to their lives and then they can tap into those internal reservoirs of grit and character so this year my student mahari got accepted to law school with a scholarships and not to brag but I did write one of his letters of recommendation and even though I know hard work is what got him this achievement I seen him find his voice along the way which as someone who's grown up a little bit shy and awkward I know it takes time and support so even though he will rely a lot on his grit to get him through that first year law school right all be there as a mentor for ham check in with them for time to time maybe take him out to get some curry so that he can keep growing its agencies see even more thank you //
"2017-10-10 12:36:41"
How a video game might help us build better cities | Karoliina Korppoo
\\we humans are becoming an urban speeches so say this they are our natural habitat that these were women in 2014 over 54 percent of the world's population was living incidents on item but you that so many of these people have thought of how they would do things differently like if I only had the tools to change things in Marin city what would I do it what would my drain city be like and this tools this is just what we get 2 years ago my team and I we are used to getting cities skylines it is a game a bald buildings cities so I have always been interested in cities a systems it it's something up alright forum immensely interesting bought what I didn't understand was that I am not alone in this people love the cities they are interested they have ideas the game wasn't instant hit so far over 3.5000000 people have played it and it's not just about playing we also have have really awesome sharing systems so people play they crowded cities and then they are sharing the striations showing off what they have made on dumb what I will show you is is some of this series guided by the players so the game is about self expression great unity not just overcoming the challenges posed by this immigration it is about showing what your cities look Clark so I have a couple of videos are these are from you too and these are some of the most interesting seated as signs of our have seen so they're all different and I hope you like all of these a this one is called the Netherlands it's by Sioux violent find out when you start the game you you have an empty piece of land this land economy based on the real world it can be fun crafted in the map editor or you can of course download it should be made by someone else some play on the but what silver because down here is that what he wanted to make was not not a real city they this is a fun visit city even though it looks right so what he wanted to do was to fund this is 50 that could be in the Netherlands so he kind of investigative work on the characteristics of cities in the Netherlands and ... combine a couple of those and that's this is what to write it so if it is a city that is is not a real city but it could be it looks just like Mandela's so the place is on a densely populated so are you what you need he's our highways drains anything connecting these small town centers together lots of people lots of moving so transportation is the key here but then let's go even more on that fund this a site let's go into the future all this is one of my personal favorites are these cities on a what I I love the most so this is a kid city by conflict not on the the basic idea is that you have a cold sent right circle roads so Joseph is a big circle wit Tinio circles inside and the thing is that you put all of the services in the center and then people actually leave on the all terrain biggest us less traffic less noise less pollution so that is where you want to live by the services us through our close by therein the center and this is the soul of the game the player Husted on the stand wart on the wishes what are the needs of the tiny people living in the city is so you need to know where you should put that things like is not enough to have a hospital it needs to be accessible citizens need during each of the hospital on that this is one way to do it so maybe this is something that we might be seeing some that and then even more injure future Estonia by used out so you throw dust you debaters on place again what he did here was actually ... well when Sirius of creating this city so what he does is he he plays the game he I fought it and he explains us is going what his daring and why on our support of this series he actually did an interview with an actual urban planning called Jeff spec I suspect is an expert on the concept of walkability the the basic idea is that if you want now citizens to walk which is kind of an official are you actually need to hop walking us are as a reasonable means of transportation it should be a good way to whites places so what you thought it was a key explain this concept he had suspected explained to and then he applied it to the city that he was building so what we're seeing is your photos vision of the future lots of public transportation walkways laws us connecting highrise buildings maybe this is what the future might look like and and the game system Warsaw ul fathers we are seeing some real world uses up to this game so we know that some random fun also using it as a sketching told so other simulation is not completely unrealistic it is not realistic enough that if something works in the game it is hardly likely that it will also work in the real world so that you can actually try out things see if this intersection might fit this kind of a situation if we build the narrow would it help and and this is what you can do with this case there was one on the interesting contest held by the finish city of Hamelin so what they did was that they had a new area that they wanted to develop in the city they made him up with the existing city they left empty the area that they will want to develop on shed this month so anyone could download them up he played a game built area unsolved mate downplay shows to the city council so they have not yet build anything but it might just be that they they use one of these plans made with the game of 2 sure actually build their I'll say that if on that day these videos that I have shown you day these are the people who are coming off with new climbs up solutions we know that cities are growing they're getting bigger as we go on the up percentage of population living in cities is project it drives so we need the fellowships and these people playing the game they are trying all different kinds of solutions they might have something that is really important so what what we're seeing here is joins a list that might burial one day so it might be that this is not just look at it it might be away to decide our fate thank you //
"2017-10-09 14:44:54"
A black man goes undercover in the alt-right | Theo E.J. Wilson
\\okay go cellphone and all that's really may must so famous I I was just talking about the things that I cared about beau but ... click of a button and an incendiary viral video rebel myself into overnight stardom when I say overnight I mean I literally woke up the next morning was so many notifications on my phone I thought I slept through a national tragedy it was the craziest thing guys but when it came to my influence my exposure I literally took a quantum leap so I may more videos and ... the subject matter of my videos was often the most divisive subject in American life but who's the way that I articulate a race that may be somewhat of a digital lightning brought to being a survivor myself of police brutality having lost a childhood friend Alonzo Ashley at the hands of the police I had a little something to say about the topic you see this was at the height of the black lives matter fury if people seem to be thrown into me to articulate their view points it honestly it was sort overwhelming you see the internet has just interesting quality it one way told Lee brought the world together now remember being a kid and all this utopian propaganda was being dumped on us about how the worldwide web was going to spend the reaches of people across the globe I'll bet as it turns out people are people and dumb this magical superhighway also through the demons of our nature gave them Ferraris yeah you see technology all is a lot like money it brings out was already inside you would amplifies it's so I soon became familiar with the phenomenon of the internet troll these guys seem to live beneath the bridges of said superhighway and they also missed the memo about the alignment of the internet days I yum remember being called highly colorful racial slurs but those who use the anonymity of the internet as a Klan hood and ... summer pretty creative actually but others pretty wounding specially navigating the post dramatic world the police brutality survivor in the height of black lives matter what all these people being killed on my timeline to these trolls up was of the human I was an idea an object a caricature let me turn it is race stuff could be kind of devices you see I am innately curious person and ... as I drew my sword to engage in epic battles in the comments section I also I also begin to notice that a few much trolls actually had brains I which may be even more curious of what's understand them even farther and all although the supposed morons engaged in what appeared to be original thought I said to myself owning these guys are highly misinformed Elise according to my knowledge where does not get any arguments from like was there some kind of alternative universe with alternative facts well I P. but with with with history in gravity optional over there I don't know but I needed to know like I wanted to know and as it turns out I had no idea about digital echo chambers that same target marketing algorithm that feed you all of the products you like the bar also feed you more the news that you like to hear I have been living in our online university just reflected my world view back to me so what someone was pretty liberal I had no bright Barton or info wars of fox news no no I was all in this in BC in the daily show CNN and agree all right what he's trolls were hopping the dimensional doorways and I needed to figure out how so what I decided to do was tricked the Facebook algorithm in defeating me more news that I didn't necessarily agree with and his work 5 for awhile but it wasn't enough because my online footprint already established the patterns that I like to hear so with the anonymity of the internet I went undercover I set up this ghost profile in went crazy no on a practical level it was very simple but on an emotional level it was kinda don't sing especially with the racist vitriol that I had experience but what I didn't realize is that my trolls where inoculating the thickening my skin making me on you interview points I didn't necessarily agree with if someone didn't react to the same things ... as I would have several months prior alright so oppressed own no listen to this stuff also worked on you too I became Lucious 25 white supremacist lurker I and digitally I began to infiltrate the infamous all right movement now my doppelganger was Edgar Rice Burroughs is John Carter character I a sci fi Hebrew who was once a Confederate soldier and to think like years ago I would need a light acting training in like makeup in a fake ID now I could just lurk it's so ... I started hello info wars went on into some American renaissance national vanguard alliance and off you know author comments in on videos talking bad about al Sharpton in black lives matter I started on bemoaning race debaters like Eric holder and Barack Obama and ... just mirroring the anti black sentiment that were thrown at me and to be honest it was kind of exhilarating yeah like I were little we spend days clicking through my new racist profile nnova moving grooving often work in areas land it was something else is so I then started visiting some of the pages of my former trolls and ... a lot of these guys were just regular jobs lot outdoorsman hunters cute and ours some of them family guys with videos of their families I mean for all I know somebody ought to be in his room right now right but when I went on the cover I found they locally plethora of characters luminaries like my lawyer novelists Richard Spencer and David Duke all these guys were thought leaders in their own right but over time the all right movement ended up using their information to fuel their momentum and I won't tell you what else led to the moments with all right the left wings wholesale demonized ation of everything white and male if you are a pale skin penis sever your league which site no which it will leave would you believe there's some people find it offensive I it's so I mean listen the fact is is that millennials get a life time diet brain history I mean America seems to be hell bent on filling its textbooks with our cliff notes versions of its dark past this severely severely de contextualized as race and the anger associated with it and that is fertile ground for all facts to grow add in the wild landscape with the internet and I it's easy to sell rebranded mine comes ideas to a generation who has been failed by public schools lot of these ideas Aelita bolt all facts have that quality however one thing kept screaming at me to the subjects of those arguments and that was why should not be hated for who I cannot help but be as a black man in America to resonate with me I've spent so much time the thing myself against attempts to demonized me and make me apologize for who I am trying to portray me as something that I'm not some kind of poker gangsta minister society unexpected compassion wow no listen to ... they'll historical source the demonization of black males and white males is highly different and will you fall on this argument Sally teams to be an accident of birth now you're probably surprised by this perspective and so was I never in 1000000000 years and I think that ought to have some kind of compassion for people who hated my guts now mind you not a comparison like wanna be friends I don't have infinite all the branches to extend the people whom I would not want to see me on this planet right just enough compassion to understand how they got where they are and to be honest there were a couple of fair points one of them how was liberals have this why acceptance for everybody except for those with honestly hell conservative viewpoints heaven for big you love god this country and mean it right and another thing that they talked about was the sphere did they had of something that they labeled as flight genocide the diverse city will be a force double wife the mouth now listen I know would reduce the fear the fate of your people between crack aids gang violence mass incarceration gentrification police shootings like people have more than enough reasons to stay up at night but if nature isn't a diverse city in your not you don't lose that fight buddy it's the nature doesn't care about your race that's man made nature just cares about helping organisms and ... precious ethnic features are expendable to that in so the moment for the moment that you let go ahead races identity and re latch on to humanity all your problems go away I'm going to tell you what race and about to die out the human race joined the party the water's great into the water gets to hop a dozen of Ted song the point is is that you get to this point understand that you have to let go would have fear and embrace secure Yassin sadly too many people will not take the journey to see the world from the other side and I mean let's be honest that doesn't just go for progressives but also to the right wing conservatives you know spare similar points where it was still trapped in their own echo chambers recycling old outdated points of view never getting a diverse city in perspective not making them well grounded in the world view so they're not hearing certain anti racist and political voices and voices like Tim wise and dumb Michelle Alexander doctor George Duke Reid Boyce Watkins to wreak not see all of these voices have the answers to the questions that they want but unfortunately will not hear them due to the power echo chambers we have got to break out of these digital device because F. our technology advances the consequences of our tribe doesn't become like more dangerous and this whole experience taught me something our gadgets think going to save us all these ... technological devices ... only mastery of the universe out there not the one in here SO that's all I Q. not each you that's a dangerous imbalance where did you get the emotional intelligence a character development the virtues of patience forbearance compassion you know the things to make sure that these devices however advanced come a blessing and not a curse seems to me that humanity itself needs an upgrade now that's a big task understandably all but I don't believe in any kind unbeatable monster there was no giant out there without perhaps a simple Achilles heel what if I told you that one of the best ways actually overcome this so have courageous conversations with difficult people people do not see the world the same way that you see the world oh yes folks conversations may be indeed a key to that upgrade because remember language was the first form of virtual reality it is literally a symbolic representation of the physical world and through this device change the physical world keep in mind conversation stop violence conversations start countries they build bridges and the chips the Dow conversations of the last tool that humans use 40 pick up the guns and I talking about online safe conversations from the security of your laptop no I'm talking about in your face conversation with real breathing people there for me this looks like running a community forum call shop talk live now is some thought why somebody been there right is shop talk live ... we have the conversations that change lives we meet the community right where they are and we've done everything from Dieburg gang violence in real time to help find people jobs to mentor and homeless youth and the reason why we needed to do this is because there was a severe lack of trust in the black community due to the violence of the crack era so we ended up taking a to see into our own hands solving our own problems now waiting for anybody else and the true face from the mayor took a felon you gonna find them in that barber shop and so what we did was organize what was already going or is so when I started doing was mining these alternative viewpoints from these alternative digital universes dissecting them breaking them down into controversial talking points then what my cellphone off with the internet against its open began to broadcast is live conversations tomorrow online followers this made them want to leave the safety of their laptops and meet us in person to have real conversations with real people in real life if we did if they almost back enough reflect on the paradox of me just trying to solve the problems us trying to solve the problems in our own communities we build bridges to so many other communities from the LGBTQ community to the Arab immigrant community in eva sat down with somebody with a Confederate flag on a half talked about the things that actually matter we this time that we stop trying to hack away ... rounded the human experience there is No Way Out of each other stop trying to find one we we have to we have to understand something human beings all want the same things and we have to go through each other to get the space courageous conversations on the way these bridges are built it is time that we start seeing people as people and not simply the ideas that we project on to them or react to human beings are not barriers but the gateways to the very things that we want this is the collective unconscious evolution my journey began with a terribly popular cellphone video and a fallen friend your journey begins right about now join the renaissance in human connection it is going to happen that with or without sin my suggestion a topic installed a community dialogue in your neck of the woods meet folks back in real life and I'm gonna tell you when you treat the algorithm of your existence you will get some diversified experiences it's time to grow people and when we do this not if will be clear that the key to this our upgrade was always our inner world not some device that we create and the doorway so this experience is now and if ever be each other thank you are //
"2017-10-06 14:46:09"
What intelligent machines can learn from a school of fish | Radhika Nagpal
\\in my early days as a graduate student I went on a snorkeling trip off the coast of the Bahamas I've actually never swam in the ocean before us was a bit terrifying what I remember the most is that as I put my head in the water and I was trying really hard to breathe through the snorkel this huge group of striped yellow and black fish came straight out me and I just froze and then as if it suddenly changed its mind came towards me and then swerve to the right went right around me it was absolutely mesmerizing maybe many of you have had this experience yeah of course there's the color and the beauty of it but there was also just the sheer one this up it as if it wasn't hundreds of fish but a single entity with a single collective mind that was making decisions when I look back I think that experience really ended up determining what I've worked on for most in my career I'm a computer scientist in the field that I work in is artificial intelligence and a key theme in a I is being able to understand intelligence by creating our own computational systems that display intelligence the way we see it in nature now most popular views of a I of course come from science fiction in the movies and I personally a big Star Wars fan but that tends to be a very human centric view of intelligence when you think of a fish school or when I think of a flock of starlings that feels like a really different kind of intelligence for starters are anyone suspicious just so tiny compared to the sheer size of the collective so it seems that any one individual would have a really limited myopic view of what's going on in intelligence isn't really about the individual but somehow property of the group itself secondly and the thing that I still find most remarkable is that we know that there are no leaders supervising the special school instead this incredible collective mind behavior is emerging purely from the interactions of one fish and another somehow there are these interactions are rules of engagement between neighboring fish that make it all work out so the question for a minute then becomes what are those rules of engagement that lead to this kind of intelligence and of course can we create our own and that's the primary thing that I work on ... with my team in my lab we work on it through theory looking at abstract rule systems up and thinking about the mathematics behind it we also do it up through biology working closely with experimentalist but mostly we do it through robotics where we tried to create our own collective systems that can do the kinds of things that we see in nature or at least try to one of our first robotic quests along this line was to create our very own colony of 1000 robots so very simple robots but they could be programmed to exhibit collective intelligence and that's what we were able to do so this is what a single robot looks like it's quite small about the size of a quarter and you can program how it moves but it can also wirelessly communicate with other robots and you can measure distances from them and so now we can start to program exactly and interaction a rule of engagement between neighbors and once we have the system we can start to program many different kinds of rules of engagement that you would see in nature so for example spontaneous synchronization how audiences are clapping and suddenly the star all clapping together fireflies flashing together we can program rules for plot information how cells in a tissue determine what role they're going to take on and set the patterns of our bodies we can program rules for migration and in this way were really learning from natures rules but we can also take it a step further we can actually take these rules that we've learned from nature and combining them and create entirely new collective behaviors of our very own so for example imagine that you had 2 different kinds of roles so your first rule is a motion role where a moving robot can move around other stationary robots and your second rule is a pattern role where robotics on a color based on its 2 nearest neighbors so if I start with a blob of robots and a little pattern steed it turns out that these 2 rules are sufficient for the group to be able to self assemble a simple line pattern and if I have more complicated pattern rules and I design error correction rules we can actually create really really complicated self assembly is and here's what that looks like so here you're gonna see 1000 robots they're working together to self assemble the letter K. the K. is on its side an important thing is that no one is in charge so any single robot is only talking to a small number of robots nearby it and is using its motion rule to move around the half built structure just looking for a place to fit and based on its pattern rules and even though no robot is doing anything perfectly the rules are such that we can get the collective to do with school robustly together and the illusion becomes almost so perfect you know you just start to not even notice that their individual robots at all and it becomes a single entity kind of like the school of fish so these are robots and rules in 2 dimensions but we can also think about robots and rules in 3 dimensions so what if we could create robots that could build together and here we can take inspiration from social insects so if you think about mound building termites or you think about army ants they create incredible complex nest structures up out of my didn't even out of their own bodies and like the system I showed you before these insects actually also have pattern rules that help them determine what to build but the pattern can be made out of other insects or it could be made out of mud and we can use that same idea to create rules for robots so here you're gonna see some simulated robots so the simulated robot has a motion rule which is how it traverses through the structure looking for a place to fit in and it has pattern rules where it looks at groups of blocks to decide whether to place a block and with the right motion rules and the right kind of rules we can actually get the robots to build whatever we want and of course everybody wants their own tower so once we have these rules we can start to create the robot bodies that go with these rules so here you see a robot that can climb over blocks but can also lift and move these blocks and it could start at the very structure that it's on but with these rules this is really only one kind of robot body that you could imagine good imagine many different kinds of robot bodies so if you think about robots that maybe could move sandbags and could help build levees or we could think of robots that bills out of soft materials and worked together to shore up a collapsed building so just the same kind of rules and different kinds of bodies or if like my group you are completely obsessed with army ants then maybe one day we can make robots that can climb over literally anything including other members of their tribe in self assemble things out of their own bodies once you understand the rules just many different kinds of robot visions become possible and coming back to the snorkeling trip ... we actually understand a great deal about the rules that fish schools use so if we can invent the bodies to go with that then maybe there is a future where I and my group will gets a snorkel with a fish school of our own creation each of the systems that I showed you brings us closer to having the mathematical and the conceptual tools to create our own versions of collective power and this can enable many different kinds of future applications whether you think about robots that build flood barriers or you think about robotic bee colonies that could pollinate crops or underwater schools of robots that monitor coral reefs or if we reach for the stars and we think about programming consolations of satellites in each of these systems being able to understand how to design the rules of engagement and being able to create good collective behavior becomes a key to realising these visions so so far I've talked about rules for insects and for fish and for robots ... but what about the rules that apply to our own human collective and the last thought that I'd like to leave you with is that science is of course itself an incredible manifestation of collective intelligence but unlike the beautiful fish schools that I studied I feel we still have a much longer evolutionary path to walk so in addition to working on improving the science of robot collectives I also work on creating robots and thinking about rules that will improve our own scientific collective there's a saying that I love who does science determines what science gets done imagine a society where we have rules of engagement where every child grew up believing that they could stand here and be a technologist of the future or where every adults believe that they have the ability not just to understand but to change how science of technology impacts their everyday lives what would that society look like I believe that we can do that I believe that we can choose our rules and we can engineer noxious robots but we can engineer our own human collective and if we do and when we do it will be beautiful thank you for //
"2017-10-05 14:42:59"
The most Martian place on Earth | Armando Azua-Bustos
\\this is a picture of a sunset in Mars they can by NASA schoolers at the Dover in 2013 Marcy sabbatical planets flooded with high levels of you veto the eternal extremely dry fact Marcy's considered to be too dry for life as we know it I must've abilities I try to understand the origin of life owners on the possibilities of finding life elsewhere in the universe people sometimes ask me how could you be a hostile eulogised you don't have your own spaceship well what I do is that I study life in those environments honors bug most closely resemble other interesting places in the universe