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"2013-03-15 08:46:32"
Rupert Sheldrake - The Science Delusion BANNED TED TALK
\\it'll the silence delusion is the belief that science already understands the nature of reality in principle leaving and you the details to be filled in this is a very widespread belief in our society it's the kind of belief system of people who say I don't believe in god I believe in science it's a belief system out which has not been spreads the entire world but this a conflict in the heart of science between science as a method of inquiry based on reason evidence hypothesis a and collective investigation and science as a belief system or a world few and unfortunately the world view aspect of science has come too inhibition constrict the free inquiry which is the very lifeblood of the scientific endeavor since the late nineteenth century ... science his being conducted under the aspect of a belief system or world view which is essentially that of materialism philosophical materialism and the sciences and now wholly owned subsidiaries of the materialist worldview I think that as we break out of it ... the sciences will be re generated what I do in my book the science division which is called sign set free in the United States ... is take the 10 dogmas or assumptions of science and turn them into questions seeing how well they turn to how well they stand up if you look at them scientifically none of them stand up very well what language do as fast run through all these 10 dogmas on and then I'll only have time to discuss one or 2 of them in a bit more detail but essentially the 10 dogmas which is the default world view of most educated people all over the world a first that nature's mechanical machine like the universe is like a machine animals and plants are like machines where like machines in fact we are machines where lumbering robots in Richard Dawkins vivid phrase with brands such a genetically programmed computers second mattress unconscious the whole universe is made up of unconscious matter arm there's no consciousness in stars and galaxies and planets in animals and plants and there ought not to be any end us either if this theory is true I'm so a lot of the philosophy of mind over the last 0 years is being trying to prove that we're not really because I told I'm soon the masses unconscious then ... the laws of nature of fixed and this is the dog with 3 the laws of nature of the same now as they were at the time of the Big Bang and they'll be the same forever not just the laws for the constants of nature fix which is why they're called constant don't go for the total amount of matter and energy is always the same I'm it never changes in total quantity except at the moment of the Big Bang when it'll sprang into existence no where in this the first dog where is that nature's purposeless there are no prophecies and all nature and the yvolution repurpose it even usually process has no purpose or direction dogma 6 a D. L. he read biological heredity is material everything you inherit using your genes or an epigenetic modifications of the jeans or in cytoplasmic inheritance it's material number 7 memories are stored inside your brain as material traces somehow everything you remember is in your brain and modified nav endings phosphorylated proteins no one knows how it works but nevertheless that almost everyone in sight well believe dominate your mind is inside your head olio consciousness is the activity of your brain and nothing more double 9 which follows from dogma 8 psychic phenomena like telepathy are impossible your thoughts and intentions can not have any effect at a distance because your minds inside your head therefore all the apparent evidence for telepathy and other psychic phenomena is illusory I'm people believe these things happen but it's just because they don't know enough about statistics or they just do that deceived by co incidences or it's wishful thinking and dogma 10 mechanistic Madsen is the any kind that really works that's why governments any fund research into mist mechanistic Madsen a and ignore complementary and alternative therapies at those kung possibly really worked because they're not mechanistic they may appear to work because people would have got that a or because of the placebo effect ... but it the any kind that really works is mechanistic Madsen well this is the default world few which is held by almost all educated people all over the world it's the basis of the educational system apathy have National Health Service the Medical Research Council ... governments are and it's just the default world view of educated people but I think everyone of these dogmas is a very very questionable and when you look at hit a a it turns as a you they fall apart I'm going to take first the idea that the laws of nature of fixed this is a hangover from an Old World few befall the 19 sixties when the Big Bang theory came and people thought that the a whole universe was eternal governed by eternal mathematical knows when the Big Bang came in then that assumption continued even though the Big Bang revealed a a universe that's radically yvolution 14000000000 so growing and developing and evolving at 414 0 years growing including and more structures and patents appear within it but the idea is all the laws of nature were completely fixed and the men to the Big Bang like a cosmic Napoleonic code as my friend Terence McKenna used to say that modern science is based on the principle give us one free miracle and will explain the rest and the one free America is the appearance of all the match and energy in the universe and all the laws that govern it from nothing in a single instant well in any evolution universe why shouldn't the laws themselves evolve an actual human laws to and the idea of laws of nature is based on a metaphor a with human dose is very anthropocentric metaphor and humans have laws in fact any civilized societies have goals as CS Lewis once said to say that a stone falls to us because it's obeying the law makes it a man I it's a metaphor that we got so used to we forget it's a metaphor in an evolving universe I think a much better idea is the idea of habits I think the habits of nature involve the regularities of nature are essentially habitual this was an idea I've put food at the beginning of the twentieth century by the American philosopher CS plus and it's no idea which various other philosophers of entertainment and it's one which I myself have developed into scientific hypothesis the hypothesis of morphic resonance which is the basis of these involving habits according to this hypothesis everything in nature has a kind of collective memory ... resonance because on the basis of similarity as a young giraffe embryo grows in its mother's womb a it tunes in a to the morphic resonance of previous giraffes it draws on that collective memory grows like a giraffe it behaves like a giraffe causes drawing on this collective memory it has to have the right genes to make the right proteins but jeans in my view a grossly overrated at they any account for the proteins that the organism can make not the shape of the formal the behavior I'm every species has a kind of collective memory even crystals to this theory predicts the few make a new kind of crystal for the fast time are the very first time you make it it went are have an existing habit but once it crystallizes then the next time you make it so be an influence in the fast crystals it's all over the world and by more feet resonance it'll crystallize a bit easier the third time they'll be an inference the first and second crystal there is in fact good evidence that new compounds get easier to crystallize all round the world just as this theory would predict it also predicts that if you train animals to learn a new trick for Sloan and you then all around the world racks of the same breed should learn the same trick quicker just because the rats and landed here and surprisingly there's already evidence that this actually happens anyway that's my urine hypothesis in the not show of morphic resonance that everything depends on involving habits not on fixed laws but I won't spend a few moments on the constants of nature to because these are again use assume to be constant things like the gravitational constant the speed of light circled the for are they really constant well when I got interests in this question I tried to find out a I it day given in physics handbooks handbooks of physics lest the existing fundamental constant tell you that fan you I want to see if they change so I got the old volumes of physical handbooks I meant the patient office library here in the and at that the only place I could find that kept the old volumes no no many people throw them away when the new come out a they throw away the old ones when I did this I found at the speed of light dropped between 1928 to 1945 by about 20 kilometers per second so huge crop because they're giving with arrows of any fractions of a cent at Frank decimal points that era and yet we live in the world it dropped and they were all getting values very similar to each other with tiny Harris then in 1945 it when tough it 48 it went off again and ... then people started getting very similar venues again I was very intrigued by this and I couldn't make sense of it so I went to see the head of metrology at the national physical bar tree in Teddington I'm metrology is the signs in which people measure constants and I'll ask him about this I said what to make of this drop in the speed of light between 1928 and 1945 and he said oh dear he said you've uncovered at the most embarrassing episodes in the history of our sons so it I should note put the speed of light have actually dropped and that would have amazing implications if so he said no no because it could have actually dropped it's a constant so I do that well then how do you explain the fact have rooms find it going much slower during that period is it because they were fudging their results to get what they thought of the people begetting the whole thing was just produced by in the minds of physicists and if we don't like to use the word fog I see what what you prefer he said well that we prefer to call it intellectual phase locking so so what if it was going on then how can be say shores not going on today and that the VA present values of produced by intellectual phase locking I said no we know that's not the case I said how do we know he said well he said what we solve the problem miscible ha he said well we fixed the speed of light by definition in 1972 such a but it might still change you said yes but we never know it because we defined the meter in terms of the speed of light so the units to change with it so he took very pleased about that they'd fix that problem but I said well then what about big G. the gravitational constant known in the trade as big jeep is written with a capital dream Newton's universal gravitational constant that's very by more than 1.3 percent in recent years I'm and it seems to vary from place to place and from time to time and he said no well there's a trust arrows and unfortunately were quite big areas with big G. I'm so I took a bunch of it's really changing I mean perhaps it is really changing I'm the I'm the negative how they do it what happens is they measure ocean different labs they get different values on different days and then they average them and then I'll answer on that will do the same and they come out usually with a rather different average and then the international committee on the trilogy meets every 10 years or so and average the ones from labs around let's come up with a value big G. but what if G. were actually fluctuating what if it changed and there's already evidence actually that he changes throughout the day and throughout the year what if the S. as it moves through the galactic environment went through patches of doc match or other environmental factors that could alter it maybe they will change together watches these arrows are going up together and done together for more than 10 years I've been trying to persuade metron interests to look at the raw data in fact I'm not trying to persuade them to put it online on the internet with the dates and the actual measurements and see if they're correlated to see if they're all off at one time will donis another if say they might be fluctuating together and that would tell us some very very interesting but no one has done this they haven't done it because she's a constant the snake point looking for changes I see here is a very simply example of where a a dogmatic consumption actually inhibits inquiry I myself think that the Constance may vary quite considerably out well within narrow limits but they may well be varying and I think the day will come when scientific journals like nature have a weekly reports on the constants like stock market reports in newspapers you know this week big G. was slightly up the speed on this charge on the electro music down the speed of light held steady and so ... so I'm that's one area just one of the one area where I think it thinking this dogmatically could open things up one of the biggest areas is the nature of the mind this is the most unsolved problems Graham just sent a ditch it sounds simply con deal with the fact we're conscious am and it come to you is the fact star forts don't seem to be inside our brains I'm of our our experiences doing tools seem to be inside our brain your image with me no L. doesn't seem to be inside your brain yet the official view uses a little Rupert somewhere inside your head and everything else in this room is inside your head your experience is inside your brain I'm suggesting actually vision involves an outward projection of images what you're seeing is in your mind but not inside your head our minds are extended beyond our brains in the simplest act of perception I think that we project out the images we're seeing and these images are touch what we're looking at if I look if you from behind you don't know I'm there could I sank to could you feel my gaze this a great deal of evidence that people can the sense of being stared ash is an extremely common experience and recent experimental research that suggests is real animal seem to have it too I think it probably evolved in the context of predator prey relationships prey animals that could feel the gaze of a predator would survive better than those that couldn't this would lead to a whole new way of thinking about ecological relationships between predators and prey also about the extent of our minds if we look at distant stars I think our minds reach out in a sense to touch those stars and literally extend out over astronomical different distances then not trust inside our heads now it may seem astonishing that this is a topic of debate in the 20 first century we know so little about how our own minds that where our images are is a hot topic of debate within consciousness studies right now I did have time to deal with anymore if these dogmas but every single one of them is questionable if one questions it new forms of research new possibilities Satan up and I think as we questioned these ... dogmas that have held back son so long and sun slum to go a re flowering and Renee songs I'm a total believer in the importance of science I've spent my whole life as a research scientist my whole career and that I think by moving beyond these dogmas it can be regenerated once again and become interesting and I hope life affirming Q. oh //



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